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Author

Ali Emadi

Bio: Ali Emadi is an academic researcher from McMaster University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Switched reluctance motor & Rotor (electric). The author has an hindex of 69, co-authored 660 publications receiving 24174 citations. Previous affiliations of Ali Emadi include Columbia University & Illinois Institute of Technology.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A brief review of the current trends and future vehicle strategies and the function of power electronic subsystems are described and the requirements of power electronics components and electric motor drives for the successful development of these vehicles are presented.
Abstract: With the requirements for reducing emissions and improving fuel economy, automotive companies are developing electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Power electronics is an enabling technology for the development of these environmentally friendlier vehicles and implementing the advanced electrical architectures to meet the demands for increased electric loads. In this paper, a brief review of the current trends and future vehicle strategies and the function of power electronic subsystems are described. The requirements of power electronic components and electric motor drives for the successful development of these vehicles are also presented.

1,222 citations

Book
21 Sep 2009
TL;DR: This document discusses the design and control principles of the Hybrid Electric Drive Trains, and the designs of the Drive Train Engine/Generator Power Design and Energy Design of Energy Storage Appendices Index.
Abstract: Environmental Impact and History of Modern Transportation Air Pollution Global Warming Petroleum Resources Induced Costs Importance of Different Transportation Development Strategies to Future Oil Supply History of EVs History of HEVs History of Fuel Cell Vehicles Fundamentals of Vehicle Propulsion and Brake General Description of Vehicle Movement Vehicle Resistance Dynamic Equation Tire-Ground Adhesion and Maximum Tractive Effort Power Train Tractive Effort and Vehicle Speed Vehicle Power Plant and Transmission Characteristics Vehicle Performance Operating Fuel Economy Brake Performance Internal Combustion Engines 4S, Spark-Ignited IC Engines 4S, Compression-Ignition IC Engines 2S Engines Wankel Rotary Engines Stirling Engines Gas Turbine Engines Quasi-Isothermal Brayton Cycle Engines Electric Vehicles Configurations of EVs Performance of EVs Tractive Effort in Normal Driving Energy Consumption Hybrid Electric Vehicles Concept of Hybrid Electric Drive Trains Architectures of Hybrid Electric Drive Trains Electric Propulsion Systems DC Motor Drives Induction Motor Drives Permanent Magnetic BLDC Motor Drives SRM Drives Design Principle of Series (Electrical Coupling) Hybrid Electric Drive Train Operation Patterns Control Strategies Design Principles of a Series (Electrical Coupling) Hybrid Drive Train Design Example Parallel (Mechanically Coupled) Hybrid Electric Drive Train Design Drive Train Configuration and Design Objectives Control Strategies Parametric Design of a Drive Train Simulations Design and Control Methodology of Series-Parallel (Torque and Speed Coupling) Hybrid Drive Train Drive Train Configuration Drive Train Control Methodology Drive Train Parameters Design Simulation of an Example Vehicle Design and Control Principles of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Statistics of Daily Driving Distance Energy Management Strategy Energy Storage Design Mild Hybrid Electric Drive Train Design Energy Consumed in Braking and Transmission Parallel Mild Hybrid Electric Drive Train Series-Parallel Mild Hybrid Electric Drive Train Peaking Power Sources and Energy Storages Electrochemical Batteries Ultracapacitors Ultra-High-Speed Flywheels Hybridization of Energy Storages Fundamentals of Regenerative Breaking Braking Energy Consumed in Urban Driving Braking Energy versus Vehicle Speed Braking Energy versus Braking Power Braking Power versus Vehicle Speed Braking Energy versus Vehicle Deceleration Rate Braking Energy on Front and Rear Axles Brake System of EV, HEV, and FCV Fuel Cells Operating Principles of Fuel Cells Electrode Potential and Current-Voltage Curve Fuel and Oxidant Consumption Fuel Cell System Characteristics Fuel Cell Technologies Fuel Supply Non-Hydrogen Fuel Cells Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Drive Train Design Configuration Control Strategy Parametric Design Design Example Design of Series Hybrid Drive Train for Off-Road Vehicles Motion Resistance Tracked Series Hybrid Vehicle Drive Train Architecture Parametric Design of the Drive Train Engine/Generator Power Design Power and Energy Design of Energy Storage Appendices Index

1,221 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage system (HESS) is proposed for electric drive vehicles including electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.
Abstract: In this paper, a new battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage system (HESS) is proposed for electric drive vehicles including electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Compared to the conventional HESS design, which uses a larger dc/dc converter to interface between the ultracapacitor and the battery/dc link to satisfy the real-time peak power demands, the proposed design uses a much smaller dc/dc converter working as a controlled energy pump to maintain the voltage of the ultracapacitor at a value higher than the battery voltage for the most city driving conditions. The battery will only provide power directly when the ultracapacitor voltage drops below the battery voltage. Therefore, a relatively constant load profile is created for the battery. In addition, the battery is not used to directly harvest energy from the regenerative braking; thus, the battery is isolated from frequent charges, which will increase the life of the battery. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the proposed system.

1,008 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper reviews state-of-the-art ESSs in automotive applications and hybrid power sources are considered as a method of combining two or more energy storage devices to create a superior power source.
Abstract: The fuel efficiency and performance of novel vehicles with electric propulsion capability are largely limited by the performance of the energy storage system (ESS). This paper reviews state-of-the-art ESSs in automotive applications. Battery technology options are considered in detail, with emphasis on methods of battery monitoring, managing, protecting, and balancing. Furthermore, other ESS candidates such as ultracapacitors, flywheels and fuel cells are also discussed. Finally, hybrid power sources are considered as a method of combining two or more energy storage devices to create a superior power source.

982 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Sliding-mode and feedback linearization techniques along with large-signal phase plane analysis are presented as methods to analyze, control, and stabilize automotive converters/systems operating with CPLs.
Abstract: Power electronic converters and electric motor drives are being put into use at an increasingly rapid rate in advanced automobiles. However, the new advanced automotive electrical systems employ multivoltage level hybrid ac and dc as well as electromechanical systems that have unique characteristics, dynamics, and stability problems that are not well understood due to the nonlinearity and time dependency of converters and because of their constant power characteristics. The purpose of this paper is to present an assessment of the negative impedance instability concept of the constant power loads (CPLs) in automotive power systems. The main focus of this paper is to analyze and propose design criteria of controllers for automotive converters/systems operating with CPLs. The proposed method is to devise a new comprehensive approach to the applications of power electronic converters and motor drives in advanced automotive systems. Sliding-mode and feedback linearization techniques along with large-signal phase plane analysis are presented as methods to analyze, control, and stabilize automotive converters/systems with CPLs

813 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

08 Dec 2001-BMJ
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

33,785 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
16 Aug 2012-Nature
TL;DR: This Perspective provides a snapshot of the current energy landscape and discusses several research and development opportunities and pathways that could lead to a prosperous, sustainable and secure energy future for the world.
Abstract: Access to clean, affordable and reliable energy has been a cornerstone of the world's increasing prosperity and economic growth since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Our use of energy in the twenty–first century must also be sustainable. Solar and water–based energy generation, and engineering of microbes to produce biofuels are a few examples of the alternatives. This Perspective puts these opportunities into a larger context by relating them to a number of aspects in the transportation and electricity generation sectors. It also provides a snapshot of the current energy landscape and discusses several research and development opportunities and pathways that could lead to a prosperous, sustainable and secure energy future for the world.

7,721 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A comprehensive and clear picture of the state-of-the-art technologies available, and where they would be suited for integration into a power generation and distribution system is provided in this article.

2,790 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present the current status and implementation of battery chargers, charging power levels, and infrastructure for plug-in electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles and classify them into off-board and on-board types with unidirectional or bidirectional power flow.
Abstract: This paper reviews the current status and implementation of battery chargers, charging power levels, and infrastructure for plug-in electric vehicles and hybrids. Charger systems are categorized into off-board and on-board types with unidirectional or bidirectional power flow. Unidirectional charging limits hardware requirements and simplifies interconnection issues. Bidirectional charging supports battery energy injection back to the grid. Typical on-board chargers restrict power because of weight, space, and cost constraints. They can be integrated with the electric drive to avoid these problems. The availability of charging infrastructure reduces on-board energy storage requirements and costs. On-board charger systems can be conductive or inductive. An off-board charger can be designed for high charging rates and is less constrained by size and weight. Level 1 (convenience), Level 2 (primary), and Level 3 (fast) power levels are discussed. Future aspects such as roadbed charging are presented. Various power level chargers and infrastructure configurations are presented, compared, and evaluated based on amount of power, charging time and location, cost, equipment, and other factors.

2,327 citations

01 Sep 2010

2,148 citations