TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed peri-urban informal land market and tenure security status and its implications in periurban land use planning around Gondar city of Ethiopia using primary data collected through household survey, field observation and key informant interviews.
Abstract: In recent times, peri-urban land use planning is challenging in contemporary urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa in general and in Ethiopia in particular. This study analyzes peri-urban informal land market and tenure security status and its implications in peri-urban land use planning around Gondar city of Ethiopia. It uses primary data collected through household survey, field observation and key informant interviews, which are complemented by secondary data from national legal and policy documents, and regional and city administration reports. The analysis utilizes descriptive statistics and chi-square test. The result showed that a plot acquisition from peri-urban areas passes through its own stages, which mainly start to identify a plot for sale, and ends with the confirmation of letter of agreement signed by transacting parties without legal ground to do so. It also indicated the main actors (land brokers, local peri-urban landholders, social and religious relations) in the peri-urban informal land market, traditional social institutions (Idir, equb etc) played a significant role in processing peri-urban informal settlements, and stabilizing land related conflicts by social sanctions.
24 Jul 2005
TL;DR: Aquesta publicacio de l'agencia de les Nacions Unides per als assentaments urbans, UN-Habitat, examina els factors en tots els ambits -del local al global- that ha al darrere de la formacio de tuguris (slums), tant en els aspectes i dinamiques socials com espacials i economiques as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Aquesta publicacio de l'agencia de les Nacions Unides per als assentaments urbans, UN-Habitat, examina els factors en tots els ambits -del local al global- que hi ha al darrere de la formacio de tuguris (slums), tant en els aspectes i dinamiques socials com espacials i economiques
01 Mar 2014
TL;DR: In this article, Bogota, Mexico City and Valencia: the social, economic and political backcloth, access to land, servicing low-income settlements, community organisation: participation or social control?
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the potential of blockchain technology as an empowering tool for the 4th industrial era, its challenges, barriers and limitations, and finally explored areas where blockchain technology can bring new features and add value to the deployment of Industry 4.0.
TL;DR: In this article, an attempt has been made to assess the impacts of rapid urbanization on agricultural activities, which has seriously impacted upon peri-urban farmers that are often left with little or no land to cultivate and which has increased their vulnerability.
Abstract: In a country like Ethiopia where the vast majority of the populations are employed in agriculture, land is an important economic resource for the development of rural livelihoods. Agricultural land in peri-urban areas is, however, transformed into built-up regions through horizontal urban expansion that has an effect on land use value. In recent years Ethiopia has been experiencing rapid urbanization, which has led to an ever-increasing demand for land in peri-urban areas for housing and other nonagricultural activities that pervades agricultural land. There is a high demand for informal and illegal peri-urban land which has been held by peri-urban farmers, and this plays a vital role in the unauthorized and sub-standard house construction on agricultural land. This urbanization has not been extensively reviewed and documented. In this review an attempt has been made to assess the impacts of rapid urbanization on agricultural activities. Urban expansion has reduced the areas available for agriculture, which has seriously impacted upon peri-urban farmers that are often left with little or no land to cultivate and which has increased their vulnerability. Housing encroachments have been observed to be uncontrolled due to a weak government response to the trend of unplanned city expansion. This has left peri-urban farmers exposed to the negative shocks of urbanization because significant urbanization-related agricultural land loss has a positive correlation with grain production decrease. Appropriate governing bodies should control urban development in order to control the illegal and informal spread of urbanization on agricultural land that threatens food production.