Anak Agung Banyu Perwita
Bio: Anak Agung Banyu Perwita is an academic researcher from President University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Maritime security & China. The author has an hindex of 5, co-authored 25 publications receiving 80 citations.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the maritime axis concept coined by Indonesian President Joko Widodo and the possible changes in Indonesian foreign and defence policy required as to achieve this maritime axis.
Abstract: Indonesia is undergoing transition and soon, a new president will be inaugurated. The new president brings promises of new foreign and defence policy for Indonesia, building upon Indonesia’s prior principles and putting renewed consideration on Indonesia’s geopolitical position in the Indo-Pacific. This paper examines the “maritime axis”, the concept coined by President Joko Widodo and the possible changes in Indonesian foreign and defence policy required as to achieve the maritime axis. In foreign policy, Indonesia is expected to contribute more to the Indian Ocean Rim Association while maintaining its ASEAN centrality. In defence, there is a significant change in Indonesia’s defence outlook from land-based to maritime-based. Also, Indonesia looks towards India as a security partner in securing the Indian Ocean.
13 Nov 2018
TL;DR: In this article, the implementation of Indian-Japanese maritime cooperation in balancing China in the Indo-Pacific is discussed, where the authors explain how India and Japan aligned their strategic policies to strengthen maritime cooperation, and why India's 'Act East' policy pushed India to take a more proactive role in the eastern region including Japan.
Abstract: In the 21st century, the Indo-Pacific security situation has undergone rapid changes, mainly due to China's maritime expansion and the weakening of US influence in the region. Responding to this situation, India and Japan, as regional powers, decided to work together. Following a speech by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007, India and Japan met about maritime security. Following Abe's re-election as Prime Minister in 2012, Japan expanded it's security scope and began seeing India as an important security partner. At the same time, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Act East' policy pushed India to take a more proactive role in the eastern region, including Japan. India and Japan then aligned their strategic policies to strengthen maritime cooperation. This article explains the implementation of Indian-Japanese maritime cooperation in balancing China in the Indo-Pacific. Bahasa Abstrak: Di abad ke-21, keadaan keamanan Indo-Pasifik mengalami perubahan yang pesat, terutama dikarenakan oleh ekspansi maritim China dan melemahnya pengaruh Amerika Serikat di kawasan. Meresponi situasi ini, India dan Jepang sebagai kekuatan kawasan memutuskan untuk bekerja sama. Berdasarkan pidato Perdana Menteri Shinzo Abe pada 2007, India dan Jepang memiliki titik temu di bidang keamanan maritim. Mengikuti kembali berkuasanya Perdana Menteri Shinzo Abe pada 2012, Jepang telah memperluas lingkup keamannya di mana Jepang memandang pentingnya India sebagai mitra keamanan. Sementara itu, kebijakan ‘Act East’ Perdana Menteri Narendra Modi telah mendorong India untuk mengambil peran yang lebih proaktif ke kawasan bagian timur, termasuk Jepang. India dan Jepang kemudian menyelaraskan kebijakan strategis mereka untuk memperkuat kerja sama maritim. Artikel ini menjelaskan implementasi kerja sama maritim India-Jepang dalam menyeimbangkan China di Indo-Pasifik.
TL;DR: De-radicalization programs in Indonesia often feature ideological conversion and general inadequacies in human and material resources to carry out the technical aspects of the de-radicalisation process as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: De-radicalisation programmes in Indonesia often feature ideological conversion and general inadequacies in human and material resources to carry out the technical aspects of the de-radicalisation p...
01 Apr 2016
TL;DR: In this article, the strategic position of Indo-Pacific in the current international relations is elaborated, and the maritime axis as a guarantor of maritime security not only in Southeast Asia, but the entire Indo Pacific.
Abstract: This article tries to elaborate the strategic position of Indo-Pacific in the current international relations. This region has become a new crucial theatre for the global sea lanes of communication. As a littoral country in the Indo-Pacific, Indonesia relies heavily on the SLOCs in the Indo-Pacific. Indonesia, as a developing economy, requires a steady supply in oil and gas from the Gulf. A sudden disturbance in oil resources would have a catastrophic effect on energy security in Indonesia, which could lead to other security implications. Indonesia has mostly been active in safeguarding the Malacca Strait, one vital SLOC in the Indo-Pacific. This article also elaborates President Jokowi’s maritime axis as a guarantor of maritime security not only in Southeast Asia, but the entire Indo-Pacific.
01 Apr 2017
TL;DR: In this article, a framework of MDA, which is used to examine the issues with Indonesia's MDA-building process at three levels: strategic, operational, and technical.
Abstract: The Global Maritime Fulcrum has been an essential cornerstone of Indonesian foreign and domestic policy for the Joko Widodo administration. It envisions Indonesia as a regional maritime power capable of providing maritime security within its territorial waters and within the Indo-Pacific region. It also captures Indonesia’s ambition to boost its maritime economy. The Joko Widodo administration has been building the Global Maritime Fulcrum for three years. Though physical development has indeed been remarkable, there has been a lack of a focus on developing maritime domain awareness, or MDA. As an essential foundation of maritime policy, it is important that a state invests in ensuring adequate MDA-building capacities to guide its maritime policy. Without proper MDA, it would be difficult for maritime stakeholders to allocate and prioritise maritime resources to the key areas of concern of the Global Maritime Fulcrum. This paper constructs a framework of MDA, which is used to examine the issues with Indonesia’s MDA-building process at three levels: strategic, operational, and technical. It identifies three issues, namely a lack of capacity to conduct sustained MDA operations, a lack of inter-agency coordination, and the problem of maritime ‘sense-making’. Several policy recommendations aimed at increasing Indonesia’s capacity to build MDA are proposed at the end.
30 May 2018
TL;DR: Tata Africa Services (Nigeria) Limited as mentioned in this paper is a nodal point for Tata businesses in West Africa and operates as the hub of TATA operations in Nigeria and the rest of West Africa.
Abstract: Established in 2006, TATA Africa Services (Nigeria) Limited operates as the nodal point for Tata businesses in West Africa. TATA Africa Services (Nigeria) Limited has a strong presence in Nigeria with investments exceeding USD 10 million. The company was established in Lagos, Nigeria as a subsidiary of TATA Africa Holdings (SA) (Pty) Limited, South Africa and serves as the hub of Tata’s operations in Nigeria and the rest of West Africa.
01 Jan 2000
TL;DR: The seeker after the truth is not one who studies the writings of the ancients and, following his natural disposition, puts his trust in them, but rather, one who suspects his faith in them and questions what he gathers from them, the one who submits to argument and demonstration, and not to the sayings of a human being whose nature is fraught with all kinds of imperfection and deformation as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Therefore, the seeker after the truth is not one who studies the writings of the ancients and, following his natural disposition, puts his trust in them, but rather the one who suspects his faith in them and questions what he gathers from them, the one who submits to argument and demonstration, and not to the sayings of a human being whose nature is fraught with all kinds of imperfection and de‹ciency. Thus the duty of the man who investigates the writings of scientists, if learning the truth is his goal, is to make himself the enemy of all that he reads, and, applying his mind to the core and margins of its content, attack it from every side. He should also suspect himself as he performs his critical examination of it, so that he may avoid falling into either prejudice or leniency. (Ibn al-Haytham)1
TL;DR: The door of Jesus’ tomb closes with the sound of an echoing silence, leaving us with a quandary – where is reality now?
Abstract: The door of Jesus’ tomb closes with the sound of an echoing silence. It leaves us with a quandary. Where is reality now? Jesus has shown us so many new things and so many true things – how can that story suddenly be over? Is reality on this side of the tomb? Here we are, with the debris of scattered coins, discarded swords, torn robes, ripped curtains, empty chalices and broken hearts. It looks like a pretty accurate, if somewhat bleak, picture of human reality. Human reality without God. And that’s the resonance of that thudding closure of the tomb. We’ve successfully banished God. And we’re left now to view the mess. And pick up the pieces. Or is there a different way to see reality? Is in fact a more profound reality truly on the other side of that door – is a force at work within that tomb that is deeper than our despair, more powerful than our perfidy, more dynamic than our disarray?