scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Author

Anantha Eashwar Vm

Bio: Anantha Eashwar Vm is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Medicine & Tamil. The author has co-authored 1 publications.

Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a cross-sectional study was done among 300 tobacco users in a suburban neighbourhood of Chennai and data was analyzed using SPSS software, and the purpose of the study was to assess factors associated with tobacco use; quitting plan, attempts and identify obstacles for to-bacco cessation.
Abstract: Introduction: Tobacco consumption is a preventable public health problem. GATS -2 survey in Tamil Nadu shows that 20% of adults use tobacco, 40% had plans to quit and 48% had made quit attempts. The purpose of the study was to assess factors associated with tobacco use; quitting plan, attempts and identify obstacles for to-bacco cessation. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was done among 300 tobacco users in a suburban neighbourhood of Chennai and data was analysed using SPSS software. Results: Ninety five percent were smokers and 86% smoked cigarettes. 70% knew that it causes cancer and res-piratory diseases. 60% planned to quit, 69% made quit attempts. Those with quit plans and health problems had an increased odds (AOR of 1.02 and 1.004 respectively) of making quit attempts. Advice from health profession-als (48%) and family (52%) triggered quit attempts. Stress and work pressure were obstacles for quitting (70%). Availability of therapy and professional help for tobacco cessation was known only to 49% and 14.7% respec-tively and none availed it. Conclusion: Awareness of health hazards of tobacco use was high. Quit attempts have increased but with high failure rates due to lack of information and access to tobacco cessation services. Provision of community and fa-cility-based tobacco cessation services and integration with existing health programmes is the present need.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women equal and above 30 years of age in Tirumazhisai is found to be 36.7%, and efforts should be made to bring awareness among women about unhealthy weight status and its consequences.
Abstract: Overweight and obesity are de ined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A WHO study was done in 2016 states that around 21.6% of Indian female population was overweight. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity amongwomen above 30 years of age in Tirumazhisai. A cross-sectional studywas done amongwomen above and equal to 30 years of age residing in Tirumazhisai from January 2020 toMarch2020. A total of 172 subjectswere included. Data entered inMSExcel and analyzed using proportion and Pearson’s chi-square test. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women equal and above 30 years of age in Tirumazhisai is found to be 36.7%. Majority of the subjects belonged to the age group more than 45 (61.3%). Also, 60.3% of people with unhealthy weight status were illiterate. Only 4.8% of the subjects with unhealthy weight status were in the obese class 2 category. About 55.5% of the subjects with unhealthy weight status were overweight, and 39.7 % of them were obese class 1. Around 60.3% of the subjects with unhealthy weight status were not working or being a housewife. Overall satisfactory level of physical activity among the unhealthy subjects was 62%. There was a signi icant association between age more than 45 years and the prevalence of overweight and obesity (at p<0.05). As the age increase, the chances of becoming obese or overweight becomes high. 40%of the unhealthy subjects didn’t acknowledge their unhealthy weight status and 37% of them ignored the fact of obesity as a comorbid condition. Hence efforts should be made to bring awareness among women about unhealthy weight status and its consequences.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors assessed the impact of home confinement and associated risk factors among disabled children re-siding in the Chennai district, during the COVID-19 lockdown, and found that around 64% had an impact due to home confinement during the covid lockdown.
Abstract: Introduction: The home confinement imposed due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has dispro-portionally affected the lives of children around the globe, particularly children with pre-existing vulnerabilities. The study assessed the impact of home confinement and the associated risk factors among disabled children re-siding in the Chennai district, during the COVID-19 lockdown. Methods: The list of special schools in Chennai were collected, and five special schools were randomly chosen by lottery method. Using simple random sampling technique children were selected till the required sample size of 189 was reached. Semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Informed consent was obtained, and data was entered in MS Excel and analyzed by SPSS version 22. Results: Among the study participants around 64% had an impact due to home confinement during the covid lockdown. Statistically significant predictors (p-value <0.05) of home confinement due to Covid-19 were anger & frustration (AOR - 6.47, 95% CI – 2.5-12.6), increased crying among children (AOR - 4.89 95% CI – 1.7-8.5) and sleep disturbances (AOR - 2.92, 95% CI – 1.8-7.1). Conclusion: Increased care and attention needs to be provided to disabled children as they are more prone to get affected due to lockdown restrictions.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A Study on Depression among Transgender Residing In Chennai District, Tamil Nadu and how to cite this article: Prasanth BK, Mahalakshmi K, Umadevi R, Anantha Eashwar VM; Natl J Community Med 2022;13(2):96-99.
Abstract: Financial Support: None declared Conflict of Interest: None declared Date of Submission: 02-01-2022 Date of Acceptance: 28-01-2022 Date of Publication: 28-02-2022 Correspondence: Dr.VM Anantha Eashwar (Email: eashwaranand@yahoo.in) Copy Right: The Journal retains the copyrights of this article. However, reproduction is permissible with due acknowledgement of the source. National Journal of Community Medicine│Volume 13│Issue 02│February 2022 Page 96 How to cite this article: Prasanth BK, Mahalakshmi K, Umadevi R, Anantha Eashwar VM. A Study on Depression among Transgender Residing In Chennai District, Tamil Nadu. Natl J Community Med 2022;13(2):96-99. DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20220102030123 ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE pISSN 0976 3325│eISSN 2229 6816 Open Access Article (CC BY-SA) www.njcmindia.org DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20220102030123 A Study on Depression among Transgender Residing In Chennai District, Tamil Nadu Krishna Prasanth B1, Mahalakshmi K2, Umadevi R3, Anantha Eashwar VM4 1Research Scholar, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai 2Professor & Head, Department of Microbiology, Sree Balaji Dental College & Hospital, Chennai 3Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai 4Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical and Hospital, Chrompet, Chennai
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Routine screening of physical health and mental health for doctors involved in the diagnostic as well as treatment aspects of work towards patients in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) should be conducted periodically.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Intensivists routinely works in a demanding, highly complicated environment where mortality and morbidity are common events and errors can lead to series situation in the working place. Doctors and other health care workers used to work in high stressful condition which affects their own physical as well mental health. AIM &OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess psychological factors such as mood status (anxiety, depression and stress) as well as to find out the various influencing factors on psychological health among doctors working in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). METHODS: The list of tertiary care hospitals in Chennai were collected and Ten hospitals were selected randomly by lottery method and 15 doctors who were working in Intensive Care Units (ICU) were selected from each hospital by systematic random sampling to arrive at the calculated sample size of 150. The Data was collected using the Pretested semi structured questionnaire and validated Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DASS-21) Scale. Data was entered in MS Excel and analysed by SPSS version 22. RESULTS: The prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress was found to be 78.6%, 86% and 60.6% respectively among ICU doctors. It was found that, having a history of either diabetes or hypertension was an important predictor for depression with an adjusted odds ratio of 3,48 (95% CI – 1.3-8.8) and person who were working more than 8 hours per day was statistically associated(p<0.05) with stress with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.21 (95% CI – 1.1-5.49). CONCLUSIONS: Routine screening of physical health and mental health for doctors involved in the diagnostic as well as treatment aspects of work towards patients in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) should be conducted periodically.