Other affiliations: École Polytechnique de Montréal, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone ...read more
Bio: Andrea Prati is an academic researcher from University of Parma. The author has contributed to research in topics: Object detection & Video tracking. The author has an hindex of 35, co-authored 207 publications receiving 6812 citations. Previous affiliations of Andrea Prati include École Polytechnique de Montréal & Ca' Foscari University of Venice.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A general-purpose method is proposed that combines statistical assumptions with the object-level knowledge of moving objects, apparent objects (ghosts), and shadows acquired in the processing of the previous frames to improve object segmentation and background update.
Abstract: Background subtraction methods are widely exploited for moving object detection in videos in many applications, such as traffic monitoring, human motion capture, and video surveillance. How to correctly and efficiently model and update the background model and how to deal with shadows are two of the most distinguishing and challenging aspects of such approaches. The article proposes a general-purpose method that combines statistical assumptions with the object-level knowledge of moving objects, apparent objects (ghosts), and shadows acquired in the processing of the previous frames. Pixels belonging to moving objects, ghosts, and shadows are processed differently in order to supply an object-based selective update. The proposed approach exploits color information for both background subtraction and shadow detection to improve object segmentation and background update. The approach proves fast, flexible, and precise in terms of both pixel accuracy and reactivity to background changes.
TL;DR: This paper organizes contributions reported in the literature in four classes two of them are statistical and two are deterministic, and presents a comparative empirical evaluation of representative algorithms selected from these four classes.
Abstract: Moving shadows need careful consideration in the development of robust dynamic scene analysis systems. Moving shadow detection is critical for accurate object detection in video streams since shadow points are often misclassified as object points, causing errors in segmentation and tracking. Many algorithms have been proposed in the literature that deal with shadows. However, a comparative evaluation of the existing approaches is still lacking. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of moving shadow detection approaches. We organize contributions reported in the literature in four classes two of them are statistical and two are deterministic. We also present a comparative empirical evaluation of representative algorithms selected from these four classes. Novel quantitative (detection and discrimination rate) and qualitative metrics (scene and object independence, flexibility to shadow situations, and robustness to noise) are proposed to evaluate these classes of algorithms on a benchmark suite of indoor and outdoor video sequences. These video sequences and associated "ground-truth" data are made available at http://cvrr.ucsd.edu/aton/shadow to allow for others in the community to experiment with new algorithms and metrics.
25 Aug 2001
TL;DR: This work aims to present a technique for shadow detection and suppression used in a system for moving visual object detection and tracking, carried out in the HSV color space to improve the accuracy in detecting shadows.
Abstract: Video-surveillance and traffic analysis systems can be heavily improved using vision-based techniques able to extract, manage and track objects in the scene. However, problems arise due to shadows. In particular, moving shadows can affect the correct localization, measurements and detection of moving objects. This work aims to present a technique for shadow detection and suppression used in a system for moving visual object detection and tracking. The major novelty of the shadow detection technique is the analysis carried out in the HSV color space to improve the accuracy in detecting shadows. Signal processing and optic motivations of the approach proposed are described. The integration and exploitation of the shadow detection module into the system are outlined and experimental results are shown and evaluated.
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: A promising average accuracy of more than 95% in correctly classifying human postures, even in the case of challenging conditions is demonstrated, making the system particularly robust even in indoors environments.
Abstract: Computer vision and ubiquitous multimedia access nowadays make feasible the development of a mostly automated system for human-behavior analysis. In this context, our proposal is to analyze human behaviors by classifying the posture of the monitored person and, consequently, detecting corresponding events and alarm situations, like a fall. To this aim, our approach can be divided in two phases: for each frame, the projection histograms (Haritaoglu et al., 1998) of each person are computed and compared with the probabilistic projection maps stored for each posture during the training phase; then, the obtained posture is further validated exploiting the information extracted by a tracking module in order to take into account the reliability of the classification of the first phase. Moreover, the tracking algorithm is used to handle occlusions, making the system particularly robust even in indoors environments. Extensive experimental results demonstrate a promising average accuracy of more than 95% in correctly classifying human postures, even in the case of challenging conditions.
TL;DR: A novel technique of warping people's silhouette is proposed to exchange visual information between partially overlapped cameras whenever a camera handover occurs and a multi‐client and multi‐threaded transcoding video server delivers live video streams to operators/remote users in order to check the validity of a received alarm.
Abstract: In-house video surveillance can represent an excellent support for people with some difficulties (e.g. elderly or disabled people) living alone and with a limited autonomy. New hardware technologies and in particular digital cameras are now affordable and they have recently gained credit as tools for (semi-) automatically assuring people's safety. In this paper a multi-camera vision system for detecting and tracking people and recognizing dangerous behaviours and events such as a fall is presented. In such a situation a suitable alarm can be sent, e.g. by means of an SMS. A novel technique of warping people's silhouette is proposed to exchange visual information between partially overlapped cameras whenever a camera handover occurs. Finally, a multi-client and multi-threaded transcoding video server delivers live video streams to opera- tors=remote users in order to check the validity of a received alarm. Semantic and event-based transcoding algorithms are used to optimize the bandwidth usage. A two-room setup has been created in our laboratory to test the performance of the overall system and some of the results obtained are reported.
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: Probability distributions of linear models for regression and classification are given in this article, along with a discussion of combining models and combining models in the context of machine learning and classification.
Abstract: Probability Distributions.- Linear Models for Regression.- Linear Models for Classification.- Neural Networks.- Kernel Methods.- Sparse Kernel Machines.- Graphical Models.- Mixture Models and EM.- Approximate Inference.- Sampling Methods.- Continuous Latent Variables.- Sequential Data.- Combining Models.
TL;DR: Almost 300 key theoretical and empirical contributions in the current decade related to image retrieval and automatic image annotation are surveyed, and the spawning of related subfields are discussed, to discuss the adaptation of existing image retrieval techniques to build systems that can be useful in the real world.
Abstract: We have witnessed great interest and a wealth of promise in content-based image retrieval as an emerging technology. While the last decade laid foundation to such promise, it also paved the way for a large number of new techniques and systems, got many new people involved, and triggered stronger association of weakly related fields. In this article, we survey almost 300 key theoretical and empirical contributions in the current decade related to image retrieval and automatic image annotation, and in the process discuss the spawning of related subfields. We also discuss significant challenges involved in the adaptation of existing image retrieval techniques to build systems that can be useful in the real world. In retrospect of what has been achieved so far, we also conjecture what the future may hold for image retrieval research.
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: This survey reviews recent trends in video-based human capture and analysis, as well as discussing open problems for future research to achieve automatic visual analysis of human movement.
Abstract: This survey reviews advances in human motion capture and analysis from 2000 to 2006, following a previous survey of papers up to 2000 [T.B. Moeslund, E. Granum, A survey of computer vision-based human motion capture, Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 81(3) (2001) 231-268.]. Human motion capture continues to be an increasingly active research area in computer vision with over 350 publications over this period. A number of significant research advances are identified together with novel methodologies for automatic initialization, tracking, pose estimation, and movement recognition. Recent research has addressed reliable tracking and pose estimation in natural scenes. Progress has also been made towards automatic understanding of human actions and behavior. This survey reviews recent trends in video-based human capture and analysis, as well as discussing open problems for future research to achieve automatic visual analysis of human movement.
••01 May 2009
TL;DR: This paper breaks down the energy consumption for the components of a typical sensor node, and discusses the main directions to energy conservation in WSNs, and presents a systematic and comprehensive taxonomy of the energy conservation schemes.
Abstract: In the last years, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have gained increasing attention from both the research community and actual users. As sensor nodes are generally battery-powered devices, the critical aspects to face concern how to reduce the energy consumption of nodes, so that the network lifetime can be extended to reasonable times. In this paper we first break down the energy consumption for the components of a typical sensor node, and discuss the main directions to energy conservation in WSNs. Then, we present a systematic and comprehensive taxonomy of the energy conservation schemes, which are subsequently discussed in depth. Special attention has been devoted to promising solutions which have not yet obtained a wide attention in the literature, such as techniques for energy efficient data acquisition. Finally we conclude the paper with insights for research directions about energy conservation in WSNs.