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Arif Masud

Bio: Arif Masud is an academic researcher from University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. The author has contributed to research in topics: Finite element method & Mixed finite element method. The author has an hindex of 31, co-authored 110 publications receiving 3268 citations. Previous affiliations of Arif Masud include University of Illinois at Chicago & National Center for Supercomputing Applications.


Papers
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TL;DR: In this article, the authors developed new stabilized mixed finite element methods for Darcy flow and established stability and an a priori error estimate in the stability norm for a wide variety of convergent finite elements.

292 citations

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TL;DR: A comprehensive survey of the literature on curved shell finite elements can be found in this article, where the first two present authors and Liaw presented a survey of such literature in 1990 in this journal.
Abstract: Since the mid-1960s when the forms of curved shell finite elements were originated, including those pioneered by Professor Gallagher, the published literature on the subject has grown extensively. The first two present authors and Liaw presented a survey of such literature in 1990 in this journal. Professor Gallagher maintained an active interest in this subject during his entire academic career, publishing milestone research works and providing periodic reviews of the literature. In this paper, we endeavor to summarize the important literature on shell finite elements over the past 15 years. It is hoped that this will be a befitting tribute to the pioneering achievements and sustained legacy of our beloved Professor Gallagher in the area of shell finite elements. This survey includes: the degenerated shell approach; stress-resultant-based formulations and Cosserat surface approach; reduced integration with stabilization; incompatible modes approach; enhanced strain formulations; 3-D elasticity elements; drilling d.o.f. elements; co-rotational approach; and higher-order theories for composites. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

277 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a space-time Galerkin/least-squares finite element formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations is presented for the analysis of free surface flows, moving spatial configurations and deforming fluid-structure interfaces.

265 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a multiscale finite element method for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations is proposed, which is based on a decomposition of the velocity field into coarse/resolved scales and fine/unsolved scales.

136 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a multiscale method was proposed to yield a stabilized finite element formulation for the advection-diffusion equation, which is free of any user-designed or user-defined parameters.

129 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the concept of isogeometric analysis is proposed and the basis functions generated from NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) are employed to construct an exact geometric model.

5,137 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Theories and finite elements for multilayered structures have been reviewed in this article, where the authors present an extensive numerical evaluation of available results, along with assessment and benchmarking.
Abstract: This work is a sequel of a previous author’s article: “Theories and Finite Elements for Multilayered. Anisotropic, Composite Plates and Shell”, Archive of Computational Methods in Engineering Vol 9, no 2, 2002; in which a literature overview of available modelings for layered flat and curved structures was given. The two following topics, which were not addressed in the previous work, are detailed in this review: 1. derivation of governing equations and finite element matrices for some of the most relevant plate/shell theories; 2. to present an extensive numerical evaluations of available results, along with assessment and benchmarking. The article content has been divided into four parts. An introduction to this review content is given in Part I. A unified description of several modelings based on displacements and transverse stress assumptions ins given in Part II. The order of the expansion in the thickness directions has been taken as a free parameter. Two-dimensional modelings which include Zig-Zag effects, Interlaminar Continuity as well as Layer-Wise (LW), and Equivalent Single Layer (ESL) description have been addressed. Part III quotes governing equations and FE matrices which have been written in a unified manner by making an extensive use of arrays notations. Governing differential equations of double curved shells and finite element matrices of multilayered plates are considered. Principle of Virtual Displacement (PVD) and Reissner’s Mixed Variational Theorem (RMVT), have been employed as statements to drive variationally consistent conditions, e.g.C 0 -Requirements, on the assumed displacements and stransverse stress fields. The number of the nodes in the element has been taken as a free parameter. As a results both differential governing equations and finite element matrices have been written in terms of a few 3×3 fundamental nuclei which have 9 only terms each. A vast and detailed numerical investigation has been given in Part IV. Performances of available theories and finite elements have been compared by building about 40 tables and 16 figures. More than fifty available theories and finite elements have been compared to those developed in the framework of the unified notation discussed in Parts II and III. Closed form solutions and and finite element results related to bending and vibration of plates and shells have been addressed. Zig-zag effects and interlaminar continuity have been evaluated for a number of problems. Different possibilities to get transverse normal stresses have been compared. LW results have been systematically compared to ESL ones. Detailed evaluations of transverse normal stress effects are given. Exhaustive assessment has been conducted in the Tables 28–39 which compare more than 40 models to evaluate local and global response of layered structures. A final Meyer-Piening problem is used to asses two-dimensional modelings vs local effects description.

951 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A fully-coupled monolithic formulation of the fluid-structure interaction of an incompressible fluid on a moving domain with a nonlinear hyperelastic solid is presented.
Abstract: We present a fully-coupled monolithic formulation of the fluid-structure interaction of an incompressible fluid on a moving domain with a nonlinear hyperelastic solid. The arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian description is utilized for the fluid subdomain and the Lagrangian description is utilized for the solid subdomain. Particular attention is paid to the derivation of various forms of the conservation equations; the conservation properties of the semi-discrete and fully discretized systems; a unified presentation of the generalized-α time integration method for fluid-structure interaction; and the derivation of the tangent matrix, including the calculation of shape derivatives. A NURBS-based isogeometric analysis methodology is used for the spatial discretization and three numerical examples are presented which demonstrate the good behavior of the methodology.

866 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an overview of available theories and finite elements that have been developed for multilayered, anisotropic, composite plate and shell structures is presented. But, although a comprehensive description of several techniques and approaches is given, most of this paper has been devoted to the so called axiomatic theories and related finite element implementations.
Abstract: This work is an overview of available theories and finite elements that have been developed for multilayered, anisotropic, composite plate and shell structures. Although a comprehensive description of several techniques and approaches is given, most of this paper has been devoted to the so called axiomatic theories and related finite element implementations. Most of the theories and finite elements that have been proposed over the last thirty years are in fact based on these types of approaches. The paper has been divided into three parts. Part I, has been devoted to the description of possible approaches to plate and shell structures: 3D approaches, continuum based methods, axiomatic and asymptotic two-dimensional theories, classical and mixed formulations, equivalent single layer and layer wise variable descriptions are considered (the number of the unknown variables is considered to be independent of the number of the constitutive layers in the equivalent single layer case). Complicating effects that have been introduced by anisotropic behavior and layered constructions, such as high transverse deformability, zig-zag effects and interlaminar continuity, have been discussed and summarized by the acronimC -Requirements. Two-dimensional theories have been dealt with in Part II. Contributions based on axiomatic, asymtotic and continuum based approaches have been overviewed. Classical theories and their refinements are first considered. Both case of equivalent single-layer and layer-wise variables descriptions are discussed. The so-called zig-zag theories are then discussed. A complete and detailed overview has been conducted for this type of theory which relies on an approach that is entirely originated and devoted to layered constructions. Formulas and contributions related to the three possible zig-zag approaches, i.e. Lekhnitskii-Ren, Ambartsumian-Whitney-Rath-Das, Reissner-Murakami-Carrera ones have been presented and overviewed, taking into account the findings of a recent historical note provided by the author. Finite Element FE implementations are examined in Part III. The possible developments of finite elements for layered plates and shells are first outlined. FEs based on the theories considered in Part II are discussed along with those approaches which consist of a specific application of finite element techniques, such as hybrid methods and so-called global/local techniques. The extension of finite elements that were originally developed for isotropic one layered structures to multilayerd plates and shells are first discussed. Works based on classical and refined theories as well as on equivalent single layer and layer-wise descriptions have been overviewed. Development of available zig-zag finite elements has been considered for the three cases of zig-zag theories. Finite elements based on other approches are also discussed. Among these, FEs based on asymtotic theories, degenerate continuum approaches, stress resultant methods, asymtotic methods, hierarchy-p,_-s global/local techniques as well as mixed and hybrid formulations have been overviewed.

839 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors studied the stability properties of Isogeometric Analysis in the context of mesh refinement and developed approximation estimates based on a new Bramble-Hilbert lemma in so-called "bent" Sobolev spaces.
Abstract: We begin the mathematical study of Isogeometric Analysis based on NURBS (non-uniform rational B-splines). Isogeometric Analysis is a generalization of classical Finite Element Analysis (FEA) which possesses improved properties. For example, NURBS are capable of more precise geometric representation of complex objects and, in particular, can exactly represent many commonly engineered shapes, such as cylinders, spheres and tori. Isogeometric Analysis also simplifies mesh refinement because the geometry is fixed at the coarsest level of refinement and is unchanged throughout the refinement process. This eliminates geometrical errors and the necessity of linking the refinement procedure to a CAD representation of the geometry, as in classical FEA. In this work we study approximation and stability properties in the context of h-refinement. We develop approximation estimates based on a new Bramble–Hilbert lemma in so-called "bent" Sobolev spaces appropriate for NURBS approximations and establish inverse estimates similar to those for finite elements. We apply the theoretical results to several cases of interest including elasticity, isotropic incompressible elasticity and Stokes flow, and advection-diffusion, and perform numerical tests which corroborate the mathematical results. We also perform numerical calculations that involve hypotheses outside our theory and these suggest that there are many other interesting mathematical properties of Isogeometric Analysis yet to be proved.

681 citations