Author

# Arthur A. Oliner

Other affiliations: Sapienza University of Rome

Bio: Arthur A. Oliner is an academic researcher from New York University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Leakage (electronics) & Leaky mode. The author has an hindex of 32, co-authored 97 publications receiving 3402 citations. Previous affiliations of Arthur A. Oliner include Sapienza University of Rome.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this article, a leaky-wave analysis is used to explain the narrow-beam resonance gain phenomenon in which narrow beams may be produced from a printed antenna element in a substrate-superstrate geometry.

Abstract: A leaky-wave analysis is used to explain the narrow-beam resonance-gain phenomenon in which narrow beams may be produced from a printed antenna element in a substrate-superstrate geometry. It is demonstrated that the phenomenon is attributable to the presence of both transverse electric and transverse magnetic-mode leaky waves, that are excited on the structure. Asymptotic formulas for the leaky wave are compared with the exact patterns to demonstrate the dominant role of the leaky waves in determining the pattern. Results are presented as a function of frequency, the scan angle, and the permittivity of the superstrate. >

343 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors clarified the properties of microstrip-line higher modes in the neighborhood of cutoff and showed that those modes become leaky in that range; with the aid of the steepest-descent plane, one finds that the continuous spectrum can be characterized in a highly convergent manner by essentially a single leaky mode.

Abstract: Some confusion in the literature is clarified regarding the properties of microstrip-line higher modes in the neighborhood of cutoff. It is shown that those modes become leaky in that range; with the aid of the steepest-descent plane, one finds that the continuous spectrum can be characterized in a highly convergent manner by essentially a single leaky mode. The leakage occurs in two forms: a surface wave and a space wave. For structures without a top cover, it is found that almost all of the leakage is in the form of a space wave, so that an efficient leaky-wave antenna of particularly simple configuration may be designed that consists of just a length of uniform microstrip line fed in its first higher mode. An accurate leaky-wave analysis is developed that explains quantitatively the performance features and the limitations of this class of antennas.

260 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the far-field radiation characteristics of a two-dimensional (2D) periodic leaky-wave antenna (LWA) constructed from a periodic array of metal patches on a grounded dielectric substrate is investigated.

Abstract: The far-field radiation characteristics of a two-dimensional (2-D) periodic leaky-wave antenna (LWA) constructed from a periodic array of metal patches on a grounded dielectric substrate is investigated. A simple dipole source is used as the excitation. Reciprocity together with a periodic spectral-domain method of moments is used to calculate the far-field pattern. Design rules for the scan angle, the substrate dielectric constant, and the periodicity are provided. Finally, a comparison of the 2-D periodic LWA and a dielectric-layer LWA is given to show the similar performance of the two antennas.

223 citations

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25 May 1988

TL;DR: In this article, two theoretical approaches are presented, one purely numerical and the other in network form and analytical in nature, that agree well with each other and with measurements in a special case.

Abstract: Despite the many attractive features of conductor-backed slotline and coplanar waveguide, there are potential problems that are introduced by the use of conductor backing. These potential problems include leakage of power into surface waves or into the dielectric region between the plates, unexpected crosstalk, significant alteration of the guide wavelength, and unexpected or unwanted coupling to neighboring lines. Two theoretical approaches are presented, one purely numerical and the other in network form and analytical in nature, that agree well with each other and with measurements in a special case. They provide a quantitative description of these potential surprises when the line conductors are either infinite or finite in width. >

194 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the exact radiation pattern is compared with the leaky wave pattern for a specific case to demonstrate the role of leaky waves in determining the total pattern, and simple asymptotic formulas for the propagation and attenuation constants are derived.

Abstract: Previous work has demonstrated that very narrow beam radiation patterns can be obtained from a simple source embedded within multiple dielectric layers of appropriate thicknesses above a ground plane. The configuration consists of dielectric layers having permittivities epsilon /sub 1/ and epsilon /sub 2/ stacked in an alternating arrangement, with epsilon /sub 2/> epsilon /sub 1/. This narrow-beam effect can be attributed to weakly attenuated leaky waves that exist on the structure. Simple asymptotic formulas for the propagation and attenuation constants are derived. The formulas show how the beamwidth varies with the number of layers and the material constants. The exact radiation pattern is compared with the leaky-wave pattern for a specific case to demonstrate the role of the leaky waves in determining the total pattern. >

183 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the fundamental electromagnetic properties of left-handed metamaterials and the physical realization of these materials are reviewed based on a general transmission line (TL) approach.

Abstract: Metamaterials are artificial structures that can be designed to exhibit specific electromagnetic properties not commonly found in nature. Recently, metamaterials with simultaneously negative permittivity (/spl epsiv/) and permeability (/spl mu/), more commonly referred to as left-handed (LH) materials, have received substantial attention in the scientific and engineering communities. The unique properties of LHMs have allowed novel applications, concepts, and devices to be developed. In this article, the fundamental electromagnetic properties of LHMs and the physical realization of these materials are reviewed based on a general transmission line (TL) approach. The general TL approach provides insight into the physical phenomena of LHMs and provides an efficient design tool for LH applications. LHMs are considered to be a more general model of composite right/left hand (CRLH) structures, which also include right-handed (RH) effects that occur naturally in practical LHMs. Characterization, design, and implementation of one-dimensional and two-dimensional CRLH TLs are examined. In addition, microwave devices based on CRLH TLs and their applications are presented.

1,285 citations

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TL;DR: This paper gives a basic review and a summary of recent developments for leaky-wave antennas (LWAs), a guiding structure that supports wave propagation along the length of the structure, with the wave radiating or “leaking” continuously along the structure.

Abstract: This paper gives a basic review and a summary of recent developments for leaky-wave antennas (LWAs). An LWA uses a guiding structure that supports wave propagation along the length of the structure, with the wave radiating or “leaking” continuously along the structure. Such antennas may be uniform, quasi-uniform, or periodic. After reviewing the basic physics and operating principles, a summary of some recent advances for these types of structures is given. Recent advances include structures that can scan to endfire, structures that can scan through broadside, structures that are conformal to surfaces, and structures that incorporate power recycling or include active elements. Some of these novel structures are inspired by recent advances in the metamaterials area.

988 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a ray analysis is employed in order to give physical insight into the performance of AMCs and derive design guidelines, and the bandwidth and center frequency of AMC surfaces are investigated using full-wave analysis and the qualitative predictions of the ray model are validated.

Abstract: Planar periodic metallic arrays behave as artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) surfaces when placed on a grounded dielectric substrate and they introduce a zero degrees reflection phase shift to incident waves. In this paper the AMC operation of single-layer arrays without vias is studied using a resonant cavity model and a new application to high-gain printed antennas is presented. A ray analysis is employed in order to give physical insight into the performance of AMCs and derive design guidelines. The bandwidth and center frequency of AMC surfaces are investigated using full-wave analysis and the qualitative predictions of the ray model are validated. Planar AMC surfaces are used for the first time as the ground plane in a high-gain microstrip patch antenna with a partially reflective surface as superstrate. A significant reduction of the antenna profile is achieved. A ray theory approach is employed in order to describe the functioning of the antenna and to predict the existence of quarter wavelength resonant cavities.

907 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the photonic bandgap (PBG) structure for microwave integrated circuits is presented, which is a two-dimensional square lattice with each element consisting of a metal pad and four connecting branches.

Abstract: This paper presents a novel photonic bandgap (PBG) structure for microwave integrated circuits. This new PBG structure is a two-dimensional square lattice with each element consisting of a metal pad and four connecting branches. Experimental results of a microstrip on a substrate with the PEG ground plane displays a broad stopband, as predicted by finite-difference time-domain simulations. Due to the slow-wave effect generated by this unique structure, the period of the PBG lattice is only 0.1/spl lambda//sub 0/ at the cutoff frequency, resulting in the most compact PEG lattice ever achieved. In the passband, the measured slow-wave factor (/spl beta//k/sub 0/) is 1.2-2.4 times higher and insertion loss is at the same level compared to a conventional 50-/spl Omega/ line. This uniplanar compact PBG (UC-PBG) structure can be built using standard planar fabrication techniques without any modification. Several application examples have also been demonstrated, including a nonleaky conductor-backed coplanar waveguide and a compact spurious-free bandpass filter. This UC-PBG structure should find wide applications for high-performance and compact circuit components in microwave and millimeter-wave integrated circuits.

831 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, an introduction history classification of leaky wave antennas is presented, along with a detailed discussion of the physics of Leaky Waves Radiation properties of one-dimensional and two-dimensional Leaky wave antenna.

Abstract: This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction History Classification of Leaky‐Wave Antennas Physics of Leaky Waves Radiation Properties of One‐Dimensional Leaky‐Wave Antennas Radiation Properties of Two‐Dimensional Leaky‐Wave Antennas Conclusions Acknowledgment References

792 citations