Bio: Arunasis Chakraborty is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati. The author has contributed to research in topics: Turbine & Vibration control. The author has an hindex of 9, co-authored 41 publications receiving 313 citations. Previous affiliations of Arunasis Chakraborty include Trinity College, Dublin & Indian Institutes of Technology.
TL;DR: In this article, an online identification of variation of stiffness in structural systems has been presented based on wavelet analysis, where the base function used is a modified version of the Littlewood-Paley wavelet.
Abstract: An online identification of variation of stiffness in structural systems has been presented in this study. The proposed technique is based on wavelet analysis. The time-frequency characteristics of the wavelets have been used in the formulation of online identification. The basis function used is a modified version of the Littlewood—Paley wavelet. The bases generated from this wavelet at different scales have the advantage of non-overlapping frequency bands which has been utilized in the frequency tracking algorithm. Further, an algorithm for detection of variation in modes shapes in time-varying linear multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems has been developed. Several types of changes in stiffness, such as a sudden jump, a ramp (gradual) change, or a sudden change with subsequent restoration of stiffness have been considered as illustrative eXamples in case of single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) and MDOF systems. It has been found that the proposed technique for wavelet based online identification is efficie...
TL;DR: In this paper, a reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) scheme is presented for better performance of the tuned mass damper (TMD) when exposed to uncertainties, which can be applied for the optimal design of controller for large structures where conventional technique may face difficulty to handle both optimization and uncertainty quantification simultaneously.
Abstract: Summary Recent development of system identification using Bayesian models or stochastic filtering provides probabilistic descriptions (i.e., probability density function or statistical parameters like mean and variance) of the identified model parameters (e.g., mass, stiffness, and damping). Optimal design of passive controllers for these systems whose parameters are uncertain has remained an open problem. With this in view, the present study aims to develop numerical solution scheme for the optimal design of tuned mass damper (TMD) operating in uncertain environment. Deterministic design of TMD in these cases suffers detuning as the system parameters are random. Thus, a reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) scheme is presented in this paper for better performance of the TMD when exposed to uncertainties. To solve the RBDO problem, response surface methodology is used along with the moving least squares technique. Dual response surfaces are used for separate handling of optimization and reliability analysis. First response surface performs optimization of the design variables of TMD, while the second response surfaces are used for the estimation of the statistical properties like mean and variance to satisfy the constrained conditions. Numerical analysis is presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm for RBDO of single degree of freedom-TMD system as a proof of concept. The proposed meta-model-based algorithm can be applied for the optimal design of controller for large structures where conventional technique may face difficulty to handle both optimization and uncertainty quantification simultaneously. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
TL;DR: In this article, a modified form of Littlewood-Paley (L-P) basis function is used for the identification of the parameters of a linear multi-degree of freedom (mdof) system.
Abstract: In this paper a methodology for identification of modal parameters of a structural system using wavelet analysis is proposed. The proposed technique differs from the other works on using wavelet for this problem in the choice of the basis function. A modified form of Littlewood–Paley (L–P) basis function is used for the identification of the parameters. This basis has the advantage being more closely representing a vibrating signal. Further it is localized in frequency and hence can be used to detect the frequency and the associated parameters better. With a modification, it is well suited for sub-band coding to detect the parameters with desired accuracy. The current work identifies modal parameters such as natural frequencies and mode shapes of a linear multi-degree of freedom (mdof) system using the wavelet transform. It utilizes wavelet transform to identify natural frequencies and the corresponding mode shapes from the transient response of the system under ambient vibration condition. The estimated natural frequencies and the mode shapes are found to be close to the theoretical values for two simulated 3 and 5 dof systems. This demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed methodology for system identification.
TL;DR: A semi-active strategy using multiple magneto-rheological tuned liquid column dampers (MR-TLCDs) to mitigate excessive vibration of the horizontal axis wind turbine towers and two different clipping laws are compared in this paper.
Abstract: Vibration control is an essential component of safe and sustained operation of modern large wind turbine towers. As the blade-tower assembly offers time-dependent system matrices that periodically evolves with the rotational speed of the turbine, control theories (e.g. linear quadratic Gaussian) can not be directly adopted in this case. With this in view, the present study aims to develop a semi-active strategy using multiple magneto-rheological tuned liquid column dampers (MR-TLCDs) to mitigate excessive vibration of the horizontal axis wind turbine towers. The design of the controller is achieved by the multi-blade coordinate transformation that converts the system matrices into a non-rotating framework followed by time averaging to enable the application of linear control law. Parameters of the non-linear MR-TLCDs are optimally tuned to dissipate maximum energy. Aerodynamic loads are evaluated using modified blade element momentum theory. The performance of the proposed control strategy is assessed against different wind speeds. Clipping laws are employed to keep the semi-active control force in the feasible range. Two different clipping laws are compared in this paper. Finally, sensitivity analysis is carried out to demonstrate the performance envelope and robustness of the proposed controller.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors have addressed the design of smart vibration control scheme for horizontal axis wind turbine tower using magneto-rheological tuned liquid column damper in a reduced order model of the blade-tower system, considering centrifugal stiffening and gravitational effects.
Abstract: Summary Present study aims to address the design of smart vibration control scheme for horizontal axis wind turbine tower using magneto-rheological tuned liquid column damper. With this in view, a reduced order model of the blade-tower system is used, considering centrifugal stiffening and gravitational effects that lead to time-dependent dynamic stiffness matrix. Aerodynamic load on the blades is modeled using blade element momentum theory. Semiactive control law in linear quadratic regulator framework is developed to mitigate the along-wind vibration of the tower. To implement the control law, multiblade coordinate transformation is adopted that converts the system matrices in the nonrotating framework to tackle its time dependency. The performance of the proposed control algorithm is demonstrated using numerical simulations with and without controller. Clipped optimality of the control force is imposed to keep the parameters of magneto-rheological tuned liquid column damper in the feasible range. Finally, sensitivity analysis is carried out to demonstrate the performance envelope of the proposed control algorithm for different operational scenario. Results presented in this paper clearly demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can be employed for effective along-wind vibration control of large HWAT tower.
01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of rotor blade aerodynamic performances of wind turbine has been presented in which the aerodynamic effects changed by blade surface distribution as well as grid solution along the airfoil.
Abstract: The study of rotor blade aerodynamic performances of wind turbine has been presented in this thesis. This study was focused on aerodynamic effects changed by blade surface distribution as well as grid solution along the airfoil. The details of numerical calculation from Fluent were described to help predict accurate blade performance for comparison and discussion with available data. The direct surface curvature distribution blade design method for two-dimensional airfoil sections for wind turbine rotors have been discussed with the attentions to Euler equation, velocity diagram and the factors which affect wind turbine performance and applied to design a blade geometry close to an existing wind turbine blade, Eppler387, in order to argue that the blade surface drawn by direct surface curvature distribution blade design method contributes aerodynamic efficiency. The FLUENT calculation of NACA63-215V showed that the aerodynamic characteristics agreed well with the available experimental data at lower angles of attack although it was discontinuities in the surface curvature distributions between 0.7 and 0.8 in x/c. The discontinuities were so small that the blade performance could not be affected. The design of Eppler 387 blade performed to reduce drag force. The discontinuities of surface distribution matched the curve of the pressure coefficients. It was found in the curvature distribution that the leading edge pressure side had difficulties to connect to Bezier curve and also the trailing edge circle was never be tangent to the lines of trailing edge pressure and suction sides due to programming difficulties.
TL;DR: An overview of the numerous methods available to recognize motion patterns of EMG signals for both isotonic and isometric contractions is given and various signal analysis methods are compared by illustrating their applicability in real-time settings.
Abstract: In recent years, there has been major interest in the exposure to physical therapy during rehabilitation. Several publications have demonstrated its usefulness in clinical/medical and human machine interface (HMI) applications. An automated system will guide the user to perform the training during rehabilitation independently. Advances in engineering have extended electromyography (EMG) beyond the traditional diagnostic applications to also include applications in diverse areas such as movement analysis. This paper gives an overview of the numerous methods available to recognize motion patterns of EMG signals for both isotonic and isometric contractions. Various signal analysis methods are compared by illustrating their applicability in real-time settings. This paper will be of interest to researchers who would like to select the most appropriate methodology in classifying motion patterns, especially during different types of contractions. For feature extraction, the probability density function (PDF) of EMG signals will be the main interest of this study. Following that, a brief explanation of the different methods for pre-processing, feature extraction and classifying EMG signals will be compared in terms of their performance. The crux of this paper is to review the most recent developments and research studies related to the issues mentioned above.
TL;DR: The review clearly demonstrates that the TMDs have a potential for improving the wind and seismic behaviors of prototype civil structures and shows that the MTMDs and d-MTMDs are relatively more effective and robust, as reported.
Abstract: A state-of-the-art review on the response control of structures mainly using the passive tuned mass damper(s) (TMD/s) is presented. The review essentially focuses on the response control of wind- and earthquake-excited structures and covers theoretical backgrounds of the TMD and research developments therein. To put the TMD within a proper frame of reference, the study begins with a qualitative description and comparison of passive control systems for protecting structures subjected to wind-imparted forces and forces induced due to earthquake ground motions. A detailed literature review of the TMD is then provided with reference to both, the theoretical and experimental researches. Specifically, the review focuses on descriptions of the dynamic behavior and distinguishing features of various systems, viz. single TMD (STMD), multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMDs), and spatially distributed MTMDs (d-MTMD) which have been theoretically developed and experimentally tested both at the component level and through small-scale structural models. The review clearly demonstrates that the TMDs have a potential for improving the wind and seismic behaviors of prototype civil structures. In addition, the review shows that the MTMDs and d-MTMDs are relatively more effective and robust, as reported. The paper shows the scope of future research in development of time and frequency domain analyses of structures installed with the d-MTMDs duly considering uncertainties in the structural parameters and forcing functions. In addition, the consideration of nonlinearity in structural material and geometry is recommended for assessment of the performance of the STMD, MTMDs, or d-MTMDs.
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-analysis of statistical errors in Nonlinear Estimates of Linear and Nonlinear Systems and their applications in Input/Output Relationships and Bilinear and Trilinear Systems.
Abstract: Linear Systems, Random Data, Spectra Zero-Memory Nonlinear Systems Bilinear and Trilinear Systems Nonlinear System Input/Output Relationships Square-Law and Cubic Nonlinear Systems Statistical Errors in Nonlinear Estimates Parallel Linear and Nonlinear Systems.
TL;DR: In this article, the concept of adaptive passive tuned mass dampers (APTMD) is introduced, in which a tuning parameter such as frequency is adjusted passively based on some local mechanical feedback (displacement, velocity, rotation, etc.), but without associated sensing and computer feedback needed in a STMD.
Abstract: SUMMARY Tuned mass dampers (TMD), active mass dampers (AMD) and hybrid mass dampers (HMD) have been widely applied for vibration control of tall buildings and bridges in the past decade. Recently, the author and his coworkers have developed semiactive or smart tuned mass dampers (STMD) using semiactive variable stiffness systems. STMD’s are superior than TMD’s in reducing the response of the primary structure. In case the fundamental frequency of the primary structure changes due to damage or deterioration, then the TMD will be off-tune; hence, it will lose its effectiveness significantly, whereas the STMD is robust against such changes as it is always tuned. The author and his coworkers have shown that STMD can provide performance similar to AMD/HMD, but with an order of magnitude less power consumption. In this paper, new adaptive length pendulum STMD’s are introduced. The concept of adaptive passive tuned mass dampers (APTMD) is introduced. APTMD is a TMD in which a tuning parameter such as frequency is adjusted passively based on some local mechanical feedback (displacement, velocity, rotation, etc.), but without associated sensing and computer feedback needed in a STMD. Also, the concept of STMD is further developed in this paper and practical STMD’s and APTMD’s implementation in USA, Japan, and China is presented. Systems with semiactive variable stiffness devices and STMD/APTMD are linear time varying systems (LTV); hence, algorithms are needed for their identification and control. Recently, the author and his coworkers have developed instantaneous frequency tracking control algorithms. In this paper new system identification algorithms based on time frequency methods, such as Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD), Hilbert Transform (HT), and short time Fourier transform (STFT), are developed. New real time tuning algorithms that identify the instantaneous frequency of the LTV system and tune the STMD are developed based on EMD, HT, and STFT. Systems with STMD subjected to stationary (harmonic,