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Ayu Riana Sari

Bio: Ayu Riana Sari is an academic researcher from Lambung Mangkurat University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Breastfeeding & Respondent. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 6 publications receiving 16 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
30 May 2020
TL;DR: Latar Belakang : Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) saat ini menjadi permasalahan dunia yang serius dengan jumlah kasusnya yang selalu mengalami peningkatan setiap harinya.
Abstract: Latar Belakang : Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) saat ini menjadi permasalahan dunia yang serius dengan jumlah kasusnya yang selalu mengalami peningkatan setiap harinya. Tujuan : Untuk mengetahui pengetahuan masyarakat Kalimantan Selatan tentang pencegahan Covid-19 beserta faktor karakteristik individu. Metode : Desain cross sectional dengan sampel berjumlah 1190 orang yang dipilih dengan menggunakan purposive sampling . Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner google form . Hasil : Dari 1190 masyarakat yang menjadi responden merupakan masyarakat dengan kategori umur remaja yaitu sebesar 93,7%, status pekerjaan tidak bekerja sebesar 77,2%, berjenis kelamin perempuan sebesar 66,3%, posisi dalam keluarga sebagai anggota rumah tangga yaitu sebesar 97,8%, dan mempunyai pengetahuan yang baik tentang pencegahan Covid-19 sebesar 69,2%. Hasil uji chi square menunjukan nilai p antara umur, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, status pekerjaan dan posisi dalam keluarga dengan pengetahuan tentang pencegahan Covid-19 adalah 0,386, 0,013, 0,428, 0,515, dan 0,999. Kesimpulan : Umur, pendidikan, status pekerjaan dan posisi dalam keluarga dengan tidak memiliki hubungan dengan pengetahuan tentang pencegahan Covid-19. Namun, jenis kelamin memiliki hubungan dengan pengetahuan tentang pencegahan Covid-19.

40 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: There are differences in the attitude of the breastfeeding mother and underweight status of children aged 0–6 months before and after the implementation of hypnobreastfeeding therapy.
Abstract: AIM: This study aims to identify implementation of hypnobreastfeeding therapy as an effort to reduce the incidence of underweight on children aged 0–6 months. METHODS: This study is a pre-experimental with pre-test and post-test design. Subjects were children aged 0–6 months who are underweight. The intervention was conducted over 2 months. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis using frequency distribution table and bivariate using McNemar test. RESULTS: Before the education through hypnobreastfeeding therapy, only 33.3% of women having a good attitude about exclusive breastfeeding to children. After the intervention for 2 months, the percentage of good attitude increase as many as 73.3% and the mother is encouraged to continue to breastfeed the child obtained that a total of 18 children (60%) of the total 30 children aged 0–6 months are underweight, which has been entered into the category of normal nutritional status. A difference in the attitude of breastfeeding and status of underweight children aged 0–6 months before and after implementation of hypnobreastfeeding therapy (p < 0.000). CONCLUSION: There are differences in the attitude of the breastfeeding mother (p = 0.012) and underweight status of children aged 0–6 months (p = 0.000) before and after the implementation of hypnobreastfeeding therapy.

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Cadres could improve knowledge and attitudes about chronic energy deficiency in female adolescents in Mali-Mali Village.
Abstract: AIM: The objective of this study was to analyze the role of cadres as an effort to increase knowledge and attitudes about chronic energy deficiency among adolescents in Mali-Mali village. METHODS: This type of research is quasi experimental. Researchers trained five cadres who provide education to junior high school students. The sampling technique used a total sampling of 38 female students. The treatment duration was 4 months with the evaluation of knowledge, attitude, and upper arm circumference measurement each month. RESULTS: This study’s results were that 21.1% of respondents had good knowledge about chronic energy deficiency before treatment. The evaluation of respondents who had good knowledge about chronic energy deficiency at 1st month was 57.9%. The 2nd month was 2 94.7%, the 3rd month was 100%, and the 4th month was 100%. Wilcoxon test showed a significant difference in knowledge at months 1, 2, and 3 with p 0.05. The evaluation results of respondents who had a good attitude about chronic energy deficiency before treatment were 26.3%. In comparison, after treatment was 42.1% in the 1st month, 57.9% in the 2nd month, 57.9% in the 3rd month, and 78.9% in the 4th month. The Chi-square test results showed no differences in attitudes at month 1, 2, and 3, while at month 4 found a significant relationship. The upper arm circumference measurement showed that the number of respondents who suffer from chronic energy deficiency was 25 people for 4 months. CONCLUSION: Cadres could improve knowledge and attitudes about chronic energy deficiency in female adolescents in Mali-Mali Village.

3 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
22 Feb 2020
TL;DR: The young children’s energy and protein intake played a significant role in determining the occurrence of stunting, implying the importance of this macronutrient for the growth and development of young children.
Abstract: Alang river has been one of the river banks to contribute the most to fish production in the Banjar district. However, despite the seemingly protein-rich diet of its inhabitants, this area still has a high prevalence of stunting. This research was therefore conducted to identify the factors that might affect the occurrence of stunting among young children within the area. This cross-sectional research conducted from May to July 2019 recruited 96 dyads of mother and her young child as participants. The children were then analyzed for their adequacy of energy and protein intake based on the recommended dietary allowances (good vs. poor adequacy) and the occurrence of stunting based on the 2006 World Health Organization anthropometry standard (stunted vs. not stunted). Other variables of the children (sex, history of low birth weight, history of exclusive breastfeeding) and variables related to family members (total number of family members, maternal height, paternal height, family income, maternal educational level, and paternal educational level) were also analyzed. Young children with poor adequacy of energy intake had 9.133 times higher risk of stunting than young children with good adequacy of energy intake (p=0.001). The young children’s energy and protein intake played a significant role in determining the occurrence of stunting, implying the importance of this macronutrient for the growth and development of young children. The education about the children’s nutritional needs for mothers with young children should be delivered with a better design that includes easy-to-remember and immediately applicable local wisdom based methods for the children’s nutritional fulfillment of the children’s nutritional need.

1 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the purpose of this activity is to increase the understanding of Nature Elementary School Muhammadiyah Martapura students about smoke haze. But the results obtained in the form of an increase in knowledge of 9.38%, where 94.28% of respondents had good knowledge about the haze disaster.
Abstract: ABSTRAKBencana kabut asap disebabkan oleh kebakaran hutan dan lahan. Hal ini berdampak pada peningkatan kejadian gangguan pernapasan secara akut dan kronis. Populasi berisiko terdapat pada kelompok usia anak-anak karena imaturitas fungsi sistem pernapasan. Kegiatan pengabdian dilakukan di SD Muhammadiyah Martapura. Tujuan dilaksanakan kegiatan ini untuk meningkatkan pemahaman pelajar SD SD Muhammadiyah Martapura mengenai kabut asap. Kegiatan dikonduksikan secara indoor-outdoor. Penerapan metode melalui ceramah, diskusi dan tanya jawab dengan menggunakan media powerpoint, poster dan media mewarnai. Peserta terdiri dari 35 siswa bersikap aktif saat kegiatan. Didapatkan hasil berupa peningkatan pengetahuan sebesar 9,38%, dimana 94,28% responden telah memiliki pengetahuan yang baik mengenai bencana kabut asap. Berdasarkan uji statistik dinyatakan hubungan signifikan dari kegiatan penyuluhan terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan responden (Z hitung=3,18, p-Value=0,0001). Peningkatan pengetahuan dari sasaran pada kegiatan ini dikarenakan responden berupa pelajar Sekolah dasar, dukungan sekolah dan media penyuluhan sedangkan penghambat dari kegiatan ini adalah keterbatasan waktu dan ketertiban sasaran. Kata kunci: bencana kabut asap; kebakaran hutan dan lahan; anak sekolah dasar; penyuluhan; peningkatan pengetahuan. ABSTRACTThe haze disaster is caused by bushfires. This has an impact on increasing the incidence of acute and chronic respiratory disorders. The population at risk is in the age group of children because of the immaturity of the respiratory system function. Service activities are carried out at Nature Elementary School Muhammadiyah Martapura. The purpose of this activity is to increase the understanding of Nature Elementary School Muhammadiyah Martapura students about smoke haze. Activities conducted indoor-outdoor. The application of the method through discourse and discussions with questions & answers using powerpoint, posters and coloring media. Participants consisted of 35 students being active during the activity. The results obtained in the form of an increase in knowledge of 9.38%, where 94.28% of respondents had good knowledge about the haze disaster. Based on the statistical test, it was stated that there was a significant relationship between counseling education toward increase knowledge of respondents (Z count = 3,18, p-Value = 0,0001). The increase in knowledge of the targets in this activity is because the respondents are elementary school students, school support and counseling media, while the obstacles to this activity are limited time and orderliness of the target. Keywords: haze disaster; bushfires; elementary school children; counseling; knowledge enhancement.

Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Das Thema „coronavirus disease 2019“ (COVID-19)mussnichtmehreingeführt werden, wie es sich wahrscheinlich niemand – weder innerhalb noch außerhalb der Medizin – je hätte vorstellen können, benötigen wir viel Zeit.
Abstract: Das Thema „coronavirus disease 2019“ (COVID-19)mussnichtmehreingeführt werden. Es ist allgegenwärtig in einer Art und Weise, wie es sich wahrscheinlich niemand – weder innerhalb noch außerhalb der Medizin – je hätte vorstellen können. Täglich bekommen wir durch öffentliche und wissenschaftliche Medien Informationen zum Virus. Alle diese Meldungen sind selbst für medizinisches Fachpersonal schwierig einzuordnen und führen zu Unsicherheiten. Erschwerend kommt hinzu, dass mittlerweile auch Fake News ihren Weg in die sozialenMedien gefundenhabenund sich „viral“ verbreiten. Um diesen Zustrom von Informationen sinnvoll einzuordnen, relevante von weniger relevanten, irrelevanten Fakten oder gar mutwilligen Falschmeldungen zu trennenund soSicherheit bei denMitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeitern im Gesundheitssystem zu schaffen, benötigen wir viel Zeit. Diese Zeit fehlt mittlerweile vielerorts. Mehr denn je ist es daher gerade jetzt wichtig, gut recherchierte, kompakt zusammengefasste und gutachterlich geprüfte Informationen zu dieser „neuen“Viruserkrankungzubekommen. Der Beitrag „COVID-19: update für Anästhesisten und Intensivmediziner März 2020“ von D.Thomas-Rüddel et al. bietet genau das! Er vermittelt in übersichtlicher und fundierter Weise all das, was wir aktuell über die Symptomatik, Diagnostik, Hygienemaßnahmen und Therapie der Coronaviruserkrankung wissen. Gleichzeitig weist der Beitrag auf eindrücklicheWeise darauf hin, dass diese Pandemie neben den medizinischen v. a. auch logistisch-organisatorische Herausforderungen in ungekannter Dimension mit sich bringt. Hier gilt es vorausschauend, Ressourcen zu generieren, ausreichend Schutzausrüstung zu beschaffen, Personal vorzubereiten sowie Störungen im klinischen Ablauf vorauszusehen und zu beseitigen.

232 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used a Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Brazil in 2006-07 to assess trends in child stunting and in related socioeconomic disparities over the past three decades.
Abstract: Introduction Optimal child growth requires adequate energy and nutrient intake, absence of disease and appropriate care Poor living conditions, including household food insecurity, low parental education, lack of access to quality health care and an unhealthy living environment are among the main determinants of stunted growth Poverty has a more detrimental effect on linear growth than on body weight (1) Child stunting is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, shorter height in adulthood, lower educational achievement, and reduced productivity in adulthood Child growth patterns are therefore strong predictors of future human capital and social progress and of the health of future generations (1-4) Estimates indicate that in 2005, one-third of all children less than 5 years of age (or approximately 178 million children) in low- and middle-income countries were stunted (5) Projections of current trends to 2015 point to declines in the prevalence of both stunting (6) and underweight (5) among children, although such declines will still fall short of the 50% reduction in undernutrition established as an indicator for fulfilling the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG- 1), (7) to eradicate hunger Of 70 low- or middle-income countries that conducted two or more surveys between 1971 and 1999, 42 showed a decline in child stunting, 17 showed no major change over the period, and 11 (9 of them in Africa) showed an increase (8) In Brazil, three national health and nutrition surveys conducted between 1974-75 and 1996 have pointed to declining trends in child stunting prevalence (9,10) An analysis of data from 47 low- and middle-income countries showed pronounced within-country socioeconomic inequalities in child stunting, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean (11) Brazil ranked fifth among these 47 countries in terms of such inequality (11) We are unaware of studies from low- or middle-income countries on how social inequalities in child stunting are evolving over time We have taken advantage of a Demographic and Health Survey carried out in Brazil in 2006-07 to assess trends in child stunting and in related socioeconomic disparities over the past three decades The Brazilian government has prioritized the elimination of hunger and poverty (12) since 2003, and recent reports (13) suggest that redistributive policies have successfully redressed one of the most skewed income distributions in the world (14) Because child stunting is a sensitive indicator of living conditions, we believe that the effectiveness of redistributive policies can be accurately assessed by studying the social distribution of child stunting over time Methods Data sources Four national household surveys were carried out in Brazil over a period of 33 years: Estudo Nacional de Despesa Familiar [National Study on Family Expenditures] in 1974-75; Pesquisa Nacional de Saude e Nutricao [National Health and Nutrition Survey] in 1989; and two Demographic and Health Surveys, in 1996 and 2006-07, respectively Nationwide probability house hold samples were obtained in each survey using similar census-based, multistage, stratified, cluster sampling procedures The sampling schemes, variables, and data collection procedures are described elsewhere (15-17) In the four surveys, the height of all children aged 0-59 months living in the sampled households was measured Children living in the sparsely populated rural areas of the Northern region, who comprise 3% of the country's child population, were only included in the most recent survey Analyses were repeated after removing these children from the 2006-07 sample, but the results were virtually identical to those presented below, which apply to the entire sample of children studied in each survey In the four surveys, trained personnel measured the recumbent length of children aged up to 23 months and the standing height of older children …

223 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Sep 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the relationship between knowledge levels with anxiety levels in adolescents on the Covid-19 pandemic was investigated. And the results of the chi-square test obtained p-value of 0.135 α (0,05).
Abstract: : THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEVELS OF KNOWLEDGE AND LEVELS OF ANXIETY TOWARD COVID-19 AMONG ADOLESCENTS AT BALIKPAPAN ADVENTIST HIGH SCHOOL Introduction: coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) that appear in Indonesia since the beginning of March 2020 has become a serious condition to all age groups, including teenager. Teenager is called age of transition, when biological and psychological development occurs. Covid-19 can affect the psychological development of adolescents, causing anxiety that can not be controlled. One of the factors that influence anxiety is knowledge. Purpose: the purpose of this paper was to know the relationship between knowledge levels with anxiety levels in adolescents on the Covid-19 pandemic. Method: the study utilized a descriptive analytic with total sampling design . R espondents in this paper were all students of XII class in Balikpapan Adventist Senior High School totaling 60 people. Data collection using knowledge questionnaire adopted from the WHO surveyand Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaire. Result: there were 9 respondents (15%) with standard knowledge felt mild anxiety, 33 respondents (55%) with good knowledge felt mild anxiety, 4 respondents (6.6%) with standard knowledge felt moderate anxiety, 9 respondents (15%) with good knowledge felt moderate anxiety, 1 respondent (1.7%) with standard knowledge felt severe anxiety, 4 respondents (6.7%) with good knowledge felt severe anxiety. The results of the chi-square test obtained p-value of 0.135 α (0,05). Kesimpulan: tidak terdapat hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dengan tingkat kecemasan yang dialami pada remaja, khususnya remaja kelas XII SMA Advent Balikpapan. Kata kunci : covid-19; kecemasan; pengetahuan; remaja

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
26 Mar 2021
TL;DR: In this paper, Pedoman Pemenbatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB), menyebabkan proses belajar mengajar terhambat akibatnya literasi matematika siswa menurun.
Abstract: Pada tahun 2020 pemerintah mengeluarkan peraturan No.9 Tahun 2020 tentang Pedoman Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB), menyebabkan proses belajar mengajar terhambat akibatnya literasi matematika siswa menurun. Berdasarkan hasil observasi pada MAs Pondok Pesantren Irsyadul Islamiyah Tanjung Medan menunjukkan bahwa literasi matematika siswa masih sangat rendah. Berdasarkan hal tersebut perlu adanya metode pembelajaran yang memungkinkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan literasi matematika siswa dan tetap mengikuti protokol yang di terapkan oleh pemerintah (PSBB). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh Blended Learning terhadap peningkatan literasi matematika siswa. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan eksperimen semu (quasi eksperimen). Populasi pada penelitian adalah siswa kelas XIB yang berjumlah kelas eksperimen dan kelas XIA sebagai kelas kontrol. Instrument dan teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah tes berbentuk essay dan teknik observasi untuk mengetahui cara siswa memahami pelajaran dengan penerapan metode blended learning. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pengolahan data yang telah dibahas dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan metode pembelajaran Blended learning memiliki dampak terhadap kualitas belajar siswa ditinjau dari literasi matematika pada masa pandemik virus korona. Selain itu diketahui bahwa besar pengaruh metode Blended learning terhadap literasi matematika siswa sebesar 30%, sedangkan metode belajar konvensional hanya berpengaruh sebesar 2.44% serta dapat disimpulkan ada perbedaan hasil belajar siswa terhadap metode belajar Blended Learning dan konvensional dengan perbedaan sebesar 24.76%

20 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
31 Dec 2020
TL;DR: Mahasiswa merupakan kelompok usia muda yang berpotensi menularkan virus korona bahkan tanpa menunjukkan gejala sekalipun, while penelitian adalah analisis deskriptif yang sebagian besar mahasiswa telah menerapkan protokol kesehatan dan tidak berisiko tertular COVID-19.
Abstract: Latar Belakang : Penerapan protokol kesehatan penting dilakukan di era new normal saat ini. Mahasiswa merupakan kelompok usia muda yang berpotensi menularkan virus korona bahkan tanpa menunjukkan gejala sekalipun. Jumlah positif COVID-19 di Indonesia pada era new normal per tanggal 07 Desember 2020 adalah 581.550 kasus. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi penerapan protokol kesehatan dan risiko COVID-19 pada mahasiswa Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak.Metode : Metode penelitian adalah analisis deskriptif dengan metode penelitian kuantitatif serta metode pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian adalah mahasiswa aktif Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak angkatan tahun 2016 sampai tahun 2019 sebanyak 571 mahasiswa. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan adalah sebanyak 230 responden dengan teknik pengambilan accidental sampling.Hasil : Hasil penelitian terdapat 176 mahasiswa (76,5%) telah menerapkan protokol kesehatan dan sebanyak 24 (10.4%) mahasiswa tidak berisiko tertular COVID-19.Kesimpulan : Simpulan penelitian adalah sebagian besar mahasiswa telah menerapkan protokol kesehatan dan tidak berisiko tertular COVID-19.

13 citations