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Author

B Smith

Bio: B Smith is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Community policing. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 139 citations.

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01 Mar 1993

139 citations


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A conceptual model of the police occupational culture is presented in this article that explains its causes, prescriptions, and outcomes, highlighting the complexity of culture, noting variation across organizations and within by rank and style.

522 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the behavioral differences between Black and White police officers in handling interpersonal conflicts were examined along two behavioral dimensions: coercion and support, and it was found that Black officers are more coercive than their white counterparts in responding to conflicts.
Abstract: This study examined the behavioral differences between Black and White police officers in handling interpersonal conflicts. Observational and survey data from the Project on Policing Neighborhoods and the 1990 census data were used. Actions taken by officers are examined along two behavioral dimensions: coercion and support. Findings show that Black officers are more coercive than their White counterparts in responding to conflicts. Black officers are also more likely than White officers to conduct supportive activities in predominantly Black neighborhoods, whereas they do not differ in initiating supportive actions in racially diverse communities. Situational characteristics play a strong role in determining police actions during conflict resolution. Implications for policy and future research are discussed.

183 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors look at the interactive context of police-citizen interactions and find that the behavior of both the officers and the suspects during encounters is influenced by the actions, comments, and demeanor of the other actor.
Abstract: The behavior of officers and suspects during encounters is influenced by the actions, comments, and demeanor of the other actor. The present study looks at the interactive context of police-citizen...

116 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Rachel Venema1
TL;DR: Police officer understanding of the definition of sexual assault and characteristics that influence their perceptions and response are explored, suggesting that officers employ distinct schema of reported sexual assaults.
Abstract: While extensive research has studied sexual assault reporting behaviors and described negative experiences with the criminal justice system among victim-survivors, fewer studies have explored police officer attitudes, knowledge, and thought processes that may affect victims' perceptions of negative interactions and unsatisfactory outcomes within reported sexual assault cases. This study explores police officer understanding of the definition of sexual assault and characteristics that influence their perceptions and response. Ten police officers were interviewed within one police department in a midsized city in the Great Lakes region. The study uses a modified grounded theory approach. Findings suggest that officers employ distinct schema of reported sexual assaults. Case characteristics, perceived credibility of the victim, and types of evidence formed categorizations of false reports, ambiguous cases, and legitimate sexual assaults. Police officers describe the ways in which perceptions of the case may or may not influence the response and point to areas for improvement within police procedure. The study findings provide insight into recommendations for improved police interviewing and response to reported sexual assaults.

114 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article assessed the relationship between police officers' attitudes toward women and their attitudes toward rape and found that there was a significant difference on measures of modern sexism and the acceptance of rape myths with varying levels of educational attainment.
Abstract: Research demonstrates a positive relationship between public attitudes toward women and rape myth acceptance. Little is known about whether this relationship also exists within police culture. The current study assesses the relationship between police officers' attitudes toward women and their attitudes toward rape. The effect of educational attainment on these attitudes is also assessed. A survey was administered to 891 police officers from two states in the southeastern United States. There was a significant difference on measures of modern sexism and the acceptance of rape myths with varying levels of educational attainment.

109 citations