Babiker Y. Abdulkhair
Other affiliations: Sudan University of Science and Technology
Bio: Babiker Y. Abdulkhair is an academic researcher from Islamic University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Adsorption & Medicine. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 13 publications receiving 41 citations. Previous affiliations of Babiker Y. Abdulkhair include Sudan University of Science and Technology.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors evaluated and optimized parameters for the removal of barium (Ba2+) ions on ZnO spherical nanoparticles using over-simplistic applying arabinose sugar followed by evaporation methods.
Abstract: This work aimed to evaluate and optimize parameters for the removal of barium (Ba2+) ions on ZnO spherical nanoparticles. Spherical ZnO nanoparticles was fabricated using over-simplistic applying arabinose sugar followed by evaporation methods. The physicochemical properties of the ZnO nanoparticles were studied using XRD, SEM, EDX, and FTIR. The maximum adsorption capacity of Ba2+ by ZnO nanoparticles was 64.6 mg/g. In isotherm studies, the Langmuir model is well-fitted to the sorption data. Kinetic pseudo-second-order models best illustrated the adsorption mechanism of barium (Ba2+) ions. Based on the density functional theory calculation, the barium (Ba2+) ion adsorption onto the ZnO surface is strong chemisorption with an exothermic adsorption energy of -291.3 kJ/mol.
TL;DR: FMCNT showed relatively high removal efficiency when compared with the PMCNT when used for most of the conditions investigated, and adsorption on both sorbents is exothermic, spontaneous and favorable.
Abstract: The chronic exposure to the pharmaceuticals and personal care products contaminants in water represent a serious public health problem to man and animal. We studied the removal of aspirin (Asp) as an example to these hazardous materials from an aqueous solution using functionalized (FMCNT) and pristine multiwall carbon nanotubes (PMCNT). The characterization of synthetic sorbents was examined with scanning electron energy-dispersive microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The effects of adsorption time, sorbent mass, solution pH, ionic strength, and temperature were optimized. The functionalization increased the surface area from 151 to 181 m2 g−1. Consequently, the adsorption capacity increased from 41 mg g−1 to 58 mg g−1 for PMCNT and FMCNT, respectively. The results showed that the adsorption kinetic follows the pseudo-second-order model with very good agreement. Whereas, the adsorption mechanism study showed a partial agreement with the liquid-film diffusion model on PMCNT and FMCNT at 25 °C and 35 °C, respectively, with acceptable linear regression coefficients. The adsorption isotherm results revealed that the adsorption fits the Freundlich model. The thermodynamic study revealed that, Asp adsorption on both sorbents is exothermic, spontaneous and favorable. FMCNT showed relatively high removal efficiency when compared with the PMCNT when used for most of the conditions investigated.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of contact time and solution parameters on the adsorption of Metformin (MF) and paracetamol (PA) on water-treated and acid-treated clays were investigated.
Abstract: Natural clays are considered a safe, low-cost, and sound sorbent for some pharmaceutical and body care products from water. Metformin (MF) and paracetamol (PA) are of the most consumable drugs worldwide. A portion of natural clay was treated with distilled water, and another part was treated with hydrochloric acid. The water-treated clay (WTC) and the acid-treated clay (ATC) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption isotherm. Batch experiments were employed to investigate the influence of contact time and solution parameters on the adsorption of PA and MF on WTC and ATC. 30 min attained the equilibrium for all sorbent-sorbate systems. Both sorbents fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with a preference to the nonlinear fitting, and the mechanism of adsorption partially fitted the liquid-film diffusion model. The PA and MF adsorption on WTC and ATC fitted the Freundlich model in preference to nonlinear fitting. The adsorption of pollutants on both sorbents was spontaneous, exothermic, and physisorption in nature. Even at low concentrations, both WTC and ATC showed efficiency above 80% in removing PA and MF from tab water, groundwater, and Red seawater. These findings nominated natural clay as an alternative to the costly nanomaterials as sorbents for removing pharmaceutical contaminants from water.
TL;DR: In this article , the use of MgO nanoparticles to eliminate basic fuchsine (BF), as a model cationic dye pollutant, from wastewater was investigated using various techniques such as X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and FTIR spectroscopy.
Abstract: The organic synthetic dyes employed in industries are carcinogenic and harmful. Dyes must be removed from wastewater to limit or eliminate their presence before dumping into the natural environment. The current study aims to investigate the use of MgO nanoparticles to eliminate basic fuchsine (BF), as a model cationic dye pollutant, from wastewater. The MgO nanorods were synthesized through a coprecipitation method. The obtained nanocomposite was characterized using various techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), and FTIR spectroscopy. It was found that the variation of dye concentration and pH influenced the removal of BF by MgO. The adsorption capacity of 493.90 mg/g is achieved under optimum operating conditions (pH = 11, contact time = 236 min, and initial BF concentration = 200 ppm). Pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetics and Freundlich isotherm models best fitted BF sorption onto MgO nanorods. The BF sorption mechanism is associated with the electrostatic attractions and hydrogen bond between the O–H group of MgO and the NH2 groups of BF, as indicated by the pH, isotherms, and FTIR studies. The reusability study indicates that MgO was effectively used to eliminate BF in at least four continuous cycles. The investigation of MgO with different dyes suggests the high adsorption selectivity of BF, crystal violet (CV), and malachite green (MG) dyes compared with methyl orange (MO) dye. Overall, MgO nanorods can act as a potential and promising adsorbent for the efficient and rapid removal of cationic dyes (CV, MG, and BF) from wastewater.
TL;DR: The results showed that the daily intake of AF-contaminated PMP may constitute a public health concern, and this is the first study to report the health risk associated with PMP contaminated with AFs.
Abstract: This study investigated the health risks associated with aflatoxins (AFs) in processed meat products (PMP) sold in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The occurrence and levels of AFs were assessed using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FD), whereas the cancer risk attributed to the consumption of meat products containing AFs was estimated by means of margin of exposure (MOE) on a scale of 100–600, representing high and low exposure, respectively. The results indicated that 37.5% of the samples were contaminated, with concentrations ranging from 0.30 to 52.93 μg/kg, at an average of 6.4 ± 12.58 μg/kg. The percentage contamination levels with total AFs higher than the permissible Saudi limit of 20 μg/kg were 4% of samples analysed and 10% of contaminated samples. AFB1 and AFG1 were the most prevalent toxins, followed by AFB2; AFG2 was not detected in any sample. The MOE was found to be 175 and 311 for total AFs in processed beef meat and poultry meat products, respectively. These results showed that the daily intake of AF-contaminated PMP may constitute a public health concern. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report the health risk associated with PMP contaminated with AFs.
01 Jan 2015
01 Jan 1912
TL;DR: In this article, a review summarizes the state-of-the-art on the occurrence of mycotoxins in feed, their metabolism and carryover into animal source foodstuffs, focusing particularly on the last decade.
Abstract: The world requests for raw materials used in animal feed has been steadily rising in the last years driven by higher demands for livestock production. Mycotoxins are frequent toxic metabolites present in these raw materials. The exposure of farm animals to mycotoxins could result in undesirable residues in animal-derived food products. Thus, the potential ingestion of edible animal products (milk, meat and fish) contaminated with mycotoxins constitutes a public health concern, since they enter the food chain and may cause adverse effects upon human health. The present review summarizes the state-of-the-art on the occurrence of mycotoxins in feed, their metabolism and carry-over into animal source foodstuffs, focusing particularly on the last decade. Maximum levels (MLs) for various mycotoxins have been established for a number of raw feed materials and animal food products. Such values are sometimes exceeded, however. Aflatoxins (AFs), fumonisins (FBs), ochratoxin A (OTA), trichothecenes (TCs) and zearalenone (ZEN) are the most prevalent mycotoxins in animal feed, with aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) predominating in milk and dairy products, and OTA in meat by-products. The co-occurrence of mycotoxins in feed raw materials tends to be the rule rather than the exception, and the carry-over of mycotoxins from feed to animal source foods is more than proven.
TL;DR: In this paper, the performance of five low-cost sorbents (Coconut coir fiber (CCF), blast furnace slag (BFS), waste tire crumb rubber (WTCR), biochar (BC), and IRB) for simultaneous removal of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn from simulated stormwater (SSW) containing other contaminants (nutrients and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons).
Abstract: For a comprehensive estimation of metals removal by sorbents in stormwater systems, it is essential to evaluate the impacts of co-contaminants. However, most studies consider only metals (single or multiple), which may overestimate performance. This study employed a batch method to investigate the performance of five low-cost sorbents – coconut coir fiber (CCF), blast furnace slag (BFS), waste tire crumb rubber (WTCR), biochar (BC), and iron coated biochar (FeBC) – for simultaneous removal of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn from simulated stormwater (SSW) containing other contaminants (nutrients and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons). BFS and CCF demonstrated the highest sorption capacity of all metals (> 95% removal) in all systems (single and multi-contaminant). However, the presence of other contaminants in solution reduced metals removal for other sorbents, as follows (highest to lowest removal): single-metal > multi-metal > multi-contaminant solutions, and removal efficiency ranking among metals was generally Cr~Cu~Pb > Ni > Cd > Zn. Humic acid (HA) negatively affected the metal sorption, likely due to the formation of soluble HA-metal complexes; NaCl concentration did not impact removal, but alkaline pH improved removal. These findings indicate that sorbents need to be tested under realistic stormwater solution chemistry including co-contaminants to appropriately characterize performance prior to implementation.