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Benjamin Mutin

Bio: Benjamin Mutin is an academic researcher from Harvard University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Chalcolithic & Bronze Age. The author has an hindex of 5, co-authored 13 publications receiving 42 citations. Previous affiliations of Benjamin Mutin include Centre national de la recherche scientifique.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Cet article traite de the production and of the distribution d’une ceramique de haute qualite caracteristique des confins indoiraniens autour de 3000 av.
Abstract: Cet article traite de la production et de la distribution d’une ceramique de haute qualite caracteristique des confins indoiraniens autour de 3000 av. J.-C. Cette ceramique que nous nommons Late Shahi-Tump ware est souvent incluse sous l’appellation plus generale de Emir Grey ware. Elle a ete collectee sur des sites du sud-est du Plateau iranien distants de plusieurs centaines de kilometres, en particulier Shahr-i Sokhta, Tepe Yahya et Shahi-Tump. La ceramique Late Shahi-Tump ware est l’une des rares sources de donnees permettant d’etudier les communautes vivant dans ce secteur et leurs relations au tout debut de l’âge du Bronze. A travers des analyses par activation neutronique des assemblages les plus representatifs, nous avons tente de savoir si et comment cette ceramique etait distribuee. Ces analyses ont permis de fournir une premiere etude de sa distribution a l’echelle regionale dans le Kech-Makran (sud-ouest du Pakistan) et de mettre en evidence une vaste sphere de distribution interregionale dans le sud-est du Plateau iranien. Ces resultats confirment l’image que l’on a des confins indo-iraniens autour de 3000 av. J.-C., a savoir une region particulierement dynamique en ce qui concerne la production et l’echange de ceramiques de haute qualite, une caracteristique qui continuera et ira en s’intensifiant au cours du 3e millenaire av. J.-C.

7 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Cet article est un essai de synthese portant sur les principales traditions ceramiques du Sud de l’Asie moyenne lors du cinquieme millenaire and au debut du quatriemeMillenaire av. J.-C.
Abstract: Cet article est un essai de synthese portant sur les principales traditions ceramiques du Sud de l’Asie moyenne lors du cinquieme millenaire et au debut du quatrieme millenaire av. J.-C. La Mesopotamie, le sud-ouest de l’Iran et le Golfe persique, caracterises alors par le developpement de l’Obeid et de productions ceramiques peintes en noir sur pâte claire, sont compares aux situations observees dans le sud-est du Plateau iranien et au Pakistan. Trois principales conclusions resultent de cette synthese. Premierement, l’Asie moyenne meridionale a cette epoque integrait des situations tres differentes en termes de production et d’utilisation de vases en ceramique. Deuxiemement, la ceramique est apparue dans cette region de facon graduelle et selon des processus varies au cours du Neolithique et du Chalcolithique. Enfin, certaines reconstitutions deduites des donnees du cinquieme millenaire et du debut du quatrieme millenaire av. J.-C. semblent montrer que certains aspects des developpements observes par la suite, a partir de la fin du quatrieme millenaire, etaient deja en place au cours des periodes precedentes.

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: La Basket Ware est une production ceramique encore peu connue, presente seulement dans la region des confins indo-iraniens sur une sequence chronologique comprise entre le Ve millenaire avant J.-C.
Abstract: Resume: La Basket Ware est une production ceramique encore peu connue, presente seulement dans la region des confins indo-iraniens sur une sequence chronologique comprise entre le Ve millenaire avant J.-C. et la seconde moitie du IIIe millenaire. Elle est caracterisee par sa technique: un moulage fait a l’interieur de paniers dont les empreintes restent visibles sur la surface externe des vases. Cet article qui presente un premier etat des connaissances sur cette production, est fonde sur de recentes donnees provenant de fouilles et de prospections effectuees dans le Makran pakistanais et est etaye par des donnees bibliographiques. Ces elements ont permis d’ebaucher une premiere etude des formes et des techniques de fabrication de la Basket Ware tout en faisant le point sur certaines hypotheses avancees a son sujet. Cette ceramique temoigne d’une longue tradition artisanale propre a la region et montre egalement quel peut etre son apport pour l’analyse des techniques de vannerie protohistoriques.

6 citations

01 Sep 2013
TL;DR: In this article, the authors define a discipline scientifique, complexe mais de plus en plus precise, whose objectif essentiel est de mieux connaitre l’Homme et la societe, depuis la Prehistoire, grâce a letude des elements materiels mis au jour.
Abstract: L’archeologie est une discipline scientifique, complexe mais de plus en plus precise, dont l’objectif essentiel est de mieux connaitre l’Homme et la societe, depuis la Prehistoirejusqu’a l’epoque moderne, grâce a l’etude des elements materiels mis au jour (edifices, infrastructures,poteries, outils, armes, ossements...). L’archeologue, dans une approche diachronique, trouve l’essentiel de sa documentation grâce a des travaux de terrain (prospections, sondages,fouilles, voire etudes de collections). Les resultats permettent de mettre en lumiere une culture ouune civilisation, une ou des population(s), les etapes d’un passe meconnu. L’Histoire de l’Asie centrale est complexe et jalonnee d’episodes mouvementes. La grande diversitegeographique et orographique en a fait un lieu privilegie ou se sont developpes de grandes civilisationset de puissants empires, dont il nous reste encore beaucoup a decouvrir : la civilisation del’Oxus, les empires des Achemenides, d’Alexandre le Grand, des Kouchans, des Sassanides, des Turcs,des Arabes, des Mongols... Il y a douze ans, le numero IX des Cahiers d’Asie centrale publiait les resultats des decouvertesarcheologiques francaises realisees dans cette region. Cette abondante moisson prenait en compteun immense travail initie par Jean-Claude Gardin en 1979. Aujourd’hui, ce nouveau numero doubledes Cahiers amplifie notre connaissance de l’Asie centrale grâce aux trente deux articles pluridisciplinairesassociant les sciences humaines et sociales aux sciences de la terre ; et il nous faitdecouvrir les resultats des recherches archeologiques menees depuis plus de trois decennies,mettant en exergue le travail scientifique et la methodologie, l’excellente cooperation entre leschercheurs centrasiatiques et francais, le souci de formation et de valorisation. Et nous esperonsqu’au fil des pages l’archeologue, l’historien ou les lecteurs avertis trouvent dans cet ouvrageles elements d’une histoire pluridisciplinaire, constamment enrichie.

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present results of new instrumental neutron activation analysis of ceramics from Tepe Yahya (southeastern Iran) dating to Periods IVC and IVB and their implications for our understanding of the dynamics of ceramic production and distribution in southeastern Iran during the early Bronze Age period.

5 citations


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Journal ArticleDOI
12 Jul 2019-Science
TL;DR: Genome-wide analysis of 67 ancient Near Eastern cattle remains reveals regional variation that has since been obscured by admixture in modern populations, and mitochondrial DNA stasis supports that this introgression was male-driven, suggesting that selection of arid-adapted zebu bulls enhanced herd survival.
Abstract: Genome-wide analysis of 67 ancient Near Eastern cattle, Bos taurus, remains reveals regional variation that has since been obscured by admixture in modern populations. Comparisons of genomes of early domestic cattle to their aurochs progenitors identify diverse origins with separate introgressions of wild stock. A later region-wide Bronze Age shift indicates rapid and widespread introgression of zebu, Bos indicus, from the Indus Valley. This process was likely stimulated at the onset of the current geological age, ~4.2 thousand years ago, by a widespread multicentury drought. In contrast to genome-wide admixture, mitochondrial DNA stasis supports that this introgression was male-driven, suggesting that selection of arid-adapted zebu bulls enhanced herd survival. This human-mediated migration of zebu-derived genetics has continued through millennia, altering tropical herding on each continent.

105 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a theoretical perspective on how archaeologists might examine the actions of things in long-term historical processes and political practices is developed, where objects and materials are examined from a historical perspective.
Abstract: This paper develops a theoretical perspective on how archaeologists might examine the actions of things—objects and materials—in long-term historical processes and political practices. In recent ye...

47 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
24 Apr 2013-PLOS ONE
TL;DR: Finite element analysis is used to suggest that the lack of dental wear, characteristic of industrialized societies, might be a major factor leading to non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs), and is the most likely mechanism explaining enamel loss in the cervical region.
Abstract: Over the last century, humans from industrialized societies have witnessed a radical increase in some dental diseases. A severe problem concerns the loss of dental materials (enamel and dentine) at the buccal cervical region of the tooth. This “modern-day” pathology, called non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs), is ubiquitous and worldwide spread, but is very sporadic in modern humans from pre-industrialized societies. Scholars believe that several factors are involved, but the real dynamics behind this pathology are far from being understood. Here we use an engineering approach, finite element analysis (FEA), to suggest that the lack of dental wear, characteristic of industrialized societies, might be a major factor leading to NCCLs. Occlusal loads were applied to high resolution finite element models of lower second premolars (P2) to demonstrate that slightly worn P2s envisage high tensile stresses in the buccal cervical region, but when worn down artificially in the laboratory the pattern of stress distribution changes and the tensile stresses decrease, matching the results obtained in naturally worn P2s. In the modern industrialized world, individuals at advanced ages show very moderate dental wear when compared to past societies, and teeth are exposed to high tensile stresses at the buccal cervical region for decades longer. This is the most likely mechanism explaining enamel loss in the cervical region, and may favor the activity of other disruptive processes such as biocorrosion. Because of the lack of dental abrasion, our masticatory apparatus faces new challenges that can only be understood in an evolutionary perspective.

46 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the role of plants in the subsistence strategies of early-middle Holocene populations in this semiarid region and the processes leading to plant cultivation was explored, showing that the progressive weakening of the Indian summer monsoon ca. 7,000 years ago compelled human populations to adopt seminomadic pastoralism and plant cultivation, which resulted in the domestication of several small millet species, pulses, and sesame.
Abstract: Botanical evidence suggests that North Gujarat (India) was a primary center of plant domestication during the mid-Holocene. However, lack of systematic archaeobotanical research and significant taphonomic processes have so far hampered the possibility of substantiating this hypothesis. This paper explores the role of plants in the subsistence strategies of early-middle Holocene populations in this semiarid region and the processes leading to plant cultivation. To do so, we carry out a multiproxy archaeobotanical study—integrating macro and microbotanical remains—at two hunter-gatherer and agropastoral occupations. The results show that the progressive weakening of the Indian summer monsoon ca. 7,000 years ago compelled human populations to adopt seminomadic pastoralism and plant cultivation, which resulted in the domestication of several small millet species, pulses, and sesame.

40 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2021
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a historical synthesis of the main events that marked the use of stones from pre-history, through ancient history, medieval times, and to the modern period.
Abstract: Human activity has required, since its origins, stones as raw material for carving, construction and rock art. The study, exploration, use and maintenance of building stones is a global phenomenon that has evolved from the first shelters, manufacture of lithic tools, to the construction of houses, infrastructures and monuments. Druids, philosophers, clergymen, quarrymen, master builders, naturalists, travelers, architects, archaeologists, physicists, chemists, curators, restorers, museologists, engineers and geologists, among other professionals, have worked with stones and they have produced the current knowledge in heritage stones. They are stones that have special significance in human culture. In this way, the connotation of heritage in stones has been acquired over the time. That is, the stones at the time of their historical use were simply stones used for a certain purpose. Therefore, the concept of heritage stone is broad, with cultural, historic, artistic, architectural, and scientific implications. A historical synthesis is presented of the main events that marked the use of stones from prehistory, through ancient history, medieval times, and to the modern period. In addition, the main authors who have written about stones are surveyed from Ancient Roman times to the middle of the twentieth century. Subtle properties of stones have been discovered and exploited by artists and artisans long before rigorous science took notice of them and explained them.

27 citations