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C. V. Krishnamurthy

Other affiliations: Indian Institutes of Technology
Bio: C. V. Krishnamurthy is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Lamb waves & Ultrasonic sensor. The author has an hindex of 23, co-authored 136 publication(s) receiving 1614 citation(s). Previous affiliations of C. V. Krishnamurthy include Indian Institutes of Technology.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The interaction of an ultrasonic guided Lamb wave mode with delamination type defects in a quasi-isotropic laminated composite plate has been studied, using both simulations and experiments. In a laminated composite plate with a symmetric delamination, when the primary anti-symmetric mode, Ao, is incident at the entrance and exit of a delamination, it generates a new mode, So, that is confined only to sub-laminates and undergoes multiple reflections in the delaminated region. It was observed that only the incident and mode-converted Ao modes propagate in the main laminate. The two modes reverberate between the two ends of the delaminations while undergoing multiple mode conversions, leading to a trail of signals that is captured by the finite element model. The numerical observations were validated using experiments conducted using air coupled ultrasonic transducers.

110 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Lamb wave tomography offers a new dimension to the challenging field of in situ health monitoring of structures. The possibility of constructing tomograms from a network of sensors generating and sensing Lamb waves in thin, multi-layered, anisotropic composite plates is explored in the present study. It is shown that improved tomograms result when the anisotropic and attenuative characteristics of composite plates are accounted for by (a) using the newly identified energy of the earliest Lamb wave signals as the reconstruction parameter, (b) modifying the sensor configuration from conventional geometries (and thereby also optimizing the number of sensors), and (c) normalizing the Lamb wave energy data of the defective sample with respect to that of the defect-free sample.

83 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
C. Ramadas1, C. Ramadas2, Krishnan Balasubramaniam2, Makarand Joshi1  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Propagation of the primary anti-symmetric Lamb mode (Ao) in an asymmetrically delaminated cross-ply laminate has been studied through both numerical simulations and experiments employing the air coupled ultrasonic technique. When the Ao mode interacts with the entrance and the exit of an asymmetrically located delamination, in addition to Ao, a mode converted to the primary symmetric Lamb mode (So) also propagates in each of the two sub-laminates as well as the main laminate. These Lamb modes propagate independently in each of the sub-laminates. In addition, turning modes (i.e. the mode propagating in one sub-laminate interacts with delamination edge and starts propagating in the other sub-laminate) and a mode converted turning mode (a new mode is generated during the interaction of turning mode with delamination edge) were also observed in the numerical simulation. The presence of the 'mode converted turning modes' was also validated through the experiments in this study.

74 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new compact sensor configuration comprising a single transmitter and multi-receivers (STMR) is presented for the in situ structural health monitoring (SHM) of large plate-like isotropic structures. The STMR exploits the long-range propagation characteristics of ultrasonic guided Lamb waves and a phase reconstruction algorithm to provide defect detection and location capability under non-dispersive as well as dispersive regimes of guided waves. Simulations are performed on defect-free and defective finite plates of aluminum to demonstrate the various features of the STMR system. Experiments were carried out on 1 mm thick aluminum plates initially using a pair of individual sensors and subsequently using a prototype STMR array. The simulated results of the STMR performance were validated well through these experiments. Features of the STMR system such as its small footprint, the relatively simple data acquisition and processing discussed here have applications in the SHM of plate-like structures, and particularly of aerospace structures.

66 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Platelike structures, made of composites, are being increasingly used for fabricating aircraft wings and other aircraft substructures. Continuous monitoring of the health of these structures would aid the reliable operation of aircrafts. This paper considers the use of a Lamb wave based structural health monitoring (SHM) system to identify and locate defects in large multilayered composite plates. The SHM system comprises of a single transmitter and multiple receivers, coupled to one side of the plate that send and receive Lamb waves. The proposed algorithm processes the data collected from the receivers and generates a reconstructed image of the material state of the composite plate. The algorithm is based on phased addition in the frequency domain to compensate for the dispersion of Lamb waves. In addition, small deviations from circularity of the slowness curves of Lamb wave modes, due to anisotropy, are corrected for by assuming that the phase and group velocity directions coincide locally. Experiment...

63 citations

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Steven J. Plimpton1Institutions (1)
01 May 1993
TL;DR: Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems.
Abstract: Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently—those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers--the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and a 1840-node Intel Paragon performs up to 165 faster than a single Cray C9O processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.

24,496 citations

11 Aug 2014
Abstract: Preface Acknowledgments 1. Introduction 2. Dispersion principles 3. Unbounded isotropic and anisotropic media 4. Reflection and refraction 5. Oblique incidence 6. Waves in plates 7. Surface and subsurface waves 8. Finite element method for guided wave mechanics 9. The semi-analytical finite element method (SAFE) 10. Guided waves in hollow cylinders 11. Circumferential guided waves 12. Guided waves in layered structures 13. Source influence on guided wave excitation 14. Horizontal shear 15. Guided waves in anisotropic media 16. Guided wave phased arrays in piping 17. Guided waves in viscoelastic media 18. Ultrasonic vibrations 19. Guided wave array transducers 20. Introduction to guided wave nonlinear methods 21. Guided wave imaging methods Appendix A: ultrasonic nondestructive testing principles, analysis and display technology Appendix B: basic formulas and concepts in the theory of elasticity Appendix C: physically based signal processing concepts for guided waves Appendix D: guided wave mode and frequency selection tips.

614 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Xiaoliang Zhao, Huidong Gao1, Guangfan Zhang, Bulent Ayhan  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: This work focuses on an ultrasonic guided wave structural health monitoring (SHM) system development for aircraft wing inspection. In part I of the study, a detailed description of a real aluminum wing specimen and some preliminary wave propagation tests on the wing panel are presented. Unfortunately, strong attenuation and scattering impede guided waves for large-area inspection. Nevertheless, small, low-cost and light-weight piezoelectric (PZT) discs were bonded to various parts of the aircraft wing, in a form of relatively sparse arrays, for simulated cracks and corrosion monitoring. The PZT discs take turns generating and receiving ultrasonic guided waves. Pair-wise through-transmission waveforms collected at normal conditions served as baselines, and subsequent signals collected at defected conditions such as rivet cracks or corrosion detected the presence of a defect and its location with a novel correlation analysis based technique called RAPID (reconstruction algorithm for probabilistic inspection of defects). The effectiveness of the algorithm was tested with several case studies in a laboratory environment. It showed good performance for defect detection, size estimation and localization in complex aircraft wing structures.

589 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
S. Bagavathiappan1, B.B. Lahiri1, T. Saravanan1, John Philip1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
TL;DR: This review focuses on the advances of IRT as a non-contact and non-invasive condition monitoring tool for machineries, equipment and processes.
Abstract: Temperature is one of the most common indicators of the structural health of equipment and components. Faulty machineries, corroded electrical connections, damaged material components, etc., can cause abnormal temperature distribution. By now, infrared thermography (IRT) has become a matured and widely accepted condition monitoring tool where the temperature is measured in real time in a non-contact manner. IRT enables early detection of equipment flaws and faulty industrial processes under operating condition thereby, reducing system down time, catastrophic breakdown and maintenance cost. Last three decades witnessed a steady growth in the use of IRT as a condition monitoring technique in civil structures, electrical installations, machineries and equipment, material deformation under various loading conditions, corrosion damages and welding processes. IRT has also found its application in nuclear, aerospace, food, paper, wood and plastic industries. With the advent of newer generations of infrared camera, IRT is becoming a more accurate, reliable and cost effective technique. This review focuses on the advances of IRT as a non-contact and non-invasive condition monitoring tool for machineries, equipment and processes. Various conditions monitoring applications are discussed in details, along with some basics of IRT, experimental procedures and data analysis techniques. Sufficient background information is also provided for the beginners and non-experts for easy understanding of the subject.

555 citations

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Author's H-index: 23

No. of papers from the Author in previous years