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Catrin Sohrabi

Bio: Catrin Sohrabi is a academic researcher at Queen Mary University of London who has co-authored 20 publication(s) receiving 7100 citation(s). The author has an hindex of 9. Previous affiliations of Catrin Sohrabi include University of Southampton & St Bartholomew's Hospital. The author has done significant research in the topic(s): Systematic review & Pandemic.

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Topics: Systematic review, Pandemic, Exit strategy ...read more
Papers
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJSU.2020.02.034
Catrin Sohrabi1, Zaid Alsafi2, Niamh O'Neill1, M.N.I. Khan2  +4 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: An unprecedented outbreak of pneumonia of unknown aetiology in Wuhan City, Hubei province in China emerged in December 2019. A novel coronavirus was identified as the causative agent and was subsequently termed COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Considered a relative of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), COVID-19 is caused by a betacoronavirus named SARS-CoV-2 that affects the lower respiratory tract and manifests as pneumonia in humans. Despite rigorous global containment and quarantine efforts, the incidence of COVID-19 continues to rise, with 90,870 laboratory-confirmed cases and over 3,000 deaths worldwide. In response to this global outbreak, we summarise the current state of knowledge surrounding COVID-19.

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2,691 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJSU.2020.04.018
Maria Nicola1, Zaid Alsafi2, Catrin Sohrabi3, Ahmed Kerwan4  +4 moreInstitutions (5)
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in over 4.3 million confirmed cases and over 290,000 deaths globally. It has also sparked fears of an impending economic crisis and recession. Social distancing, self-isolation and travel restrictions have lead to a reduced workforce across all economic sectors and caused many jobs to be lost. Schools have closed down, and the need for commodities and manufactured products has decreased. In contrast, the need for medical supplies has significantly increased. The food sector is also facing increased demand due to panic-buying and stockpiling of food products. In response to this global outbreak, we summarise the socio-economic effects of COVID-19 on individual aspects of the world economy.

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Topics: Economic sector (53%), Recession (52%), Economic impact analysis (51%)

2,236 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJSU.2020.10.034
Riaz Agha1, Thomas Franchi2, Catrin Sohrabi3, Ginimol Mathew  +1 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: Introduction The SCARE Guidelines were first published in 2016 and were last updated in 2018. They provide a structure for reporting surgical case reports and are used and endorsed by authors, journal editors and reviewers, in order to increase robustness and transparency in reporting surgical cases. They must be kept up to date in order to drive forwards reporting quality. As such, we have updated these guidelines via a DELPHI consensus exercise. Methods The updated guidelines were produced via a DELPHI consensus exercise. Members were invited from the previous DELPHI group, as well as editorial board member and peer reviewers of the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. The expert group completed an online survey to indicate their agreement with proposed changes to the checklist items. Results 54 surgical experts agreed to participate and 53 (98%) completed the survey. The responses and suggested modifications were incorporated to the 2018 guideline. There was a high degree of agreement amongst the SCARE Group, with all SCARE Items receiving over 70% scores 7-9. Conclusion A DELPHI consensus exercise was completed, and an updated and improved SCARE Checklist is now presented.

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1,468 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJSU.2020.04.001
Maria Nicola1, Niamh O'Neill2, Catrin Sohrabi2, M.N.I. Khan3  +2 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: COVID-19 has now been declared a pandemic. To date, COVID-19 has affected over 2.5 million people worldwide, resulting in over 170,000 reported deaths. Numerous preventative strategies and non-pharmaceutical interventions have been employed to mitigate the spread of disease including careful infection control, the isolation of patients, and social distancing. Management is predominantly focused on the provision of supportive care, with oxygen therapy representing the major treatment intervention. Medical therapy involving corticosteroids and antivirals have also been encouraged as part of critical management schemes. However, there is at present no specific antiviral recommended for the treatment of COVID-19, and no vaccine is currently available. Despite the strategic implementation of these measures, the number of new reported cases continues to rise at a profoundly alarming rate. As new findings emerge, there is an urgent need for up-to-date management guidelines. In response to this call, we review what is currently known regarding the management of COVID-19, and offer an evidence-based review of current practice.

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193 Citations



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Open access
01 Jan 2015-

12,969 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJSU.2020.04.018
Maria Nicola1, Zaid Alsafi2, Catrin Sohrabi3, Ahmed Kerwan4  +4 moreInstitutions (5)
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in over 4.3 million confirmed cases and over 290,000 deaths globally. It has also sparked fears of an impending economic crisis and recession. Social distancing, self-isolation and travel restrictions have lead to a reduced workforce across all economic sectors and caused many jobs to be lost. Schools have closed down, and the need for commodities and manufactured products has decreased. In contrast, the need for medical supplies has significantly increased. The food sector is also facing increased demand due to panic-buying and stockpiling of food products. In response to this global outbreak, we summarise the socio-economic effects of COVID-19 on individual aspects of the world economy.

...read more

Topics: Economic sector (53%), Recession (52%), Economic impact analysis (51%)

2,236 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JAD.2020.08.001
Jiaqi Xiong1, Orly Lipsitz2, Flora Nasri2, Leanna M.W. Lui2  +7 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Background As a major virus outbreak in the 21st century, the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to unprecedented hazards to mental health globally. While psychological support is being provided to patients and healthcare workers, the general public's mental health requires significant attention as well. This systematic review aims to synthesize extant literature that reports on the effects of COVID-19 on psychological outcomes of the general population and its associated risk factors. Methods A systematic search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus from inception to 17 May 2020 following the PRISMA guidelines. A manual search on Google Scholar was performed to identify additional relevant studies. Articles were selected based on the predetermined eligibility criteria. Results: Relatively high rates of symptoms of anxiety (6.33% to 50.9%), depression (14.6% to 48.3%), post-traumatic stress disorder (7% to 53.8%), psychological distress (34.43% to 38%), and stress (8.1% to 81.9%) are reported in the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic in China, Spain, Italy, Iran, the US, Turkey, Nepal, and Denmark. Risk factors associated with distress measures include female gender, younger age group (≤40 years), presence of chronic/psychiatric illnesses, unemployment, student status, and frequent exposure to social media/news concerning COVID-19. Limitations A significant degree of heterogeneity was noted across studies. Conclusions The COVID-19 pandemic is associated with highly significant levels of psychological distress that, in many cases, would meet the threshold for clinical relevance. Mitigating the hazardous effects of COVID-19 on mental health is an international public health priority.

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Topics: Mental health (58%), Distress (54%), Population (54%) ...read more

1,091 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41558-020-0797-X
Abstract: Government policies during the COVID-19 pandemic have drastically altered patterns of energy demand around the world. Many international borders were closed and populations were confined to their homes, which reduced transport and changed consumption patterns. Here we compile government policies and activity data to estimate the decrease in CO2 emissions during forced confinements. Daily global CO2 emissions decreased by –17% (–11 to –25% for ±1σ) by early April 2020 compared with the mean 2019 levels, just under half from changes in surface transport. At their peak, emissions in individual countries decreased by –26% on average. The impact on 2020 annual emissions depends on the duration of the confinement, with a low estimate of –4% (–2 to –7%) if prepandemic conditions return by mid-June, and a high estimate of –7% (–3 to –13%) if some restrictions remain worldwide until the end of 2020. Government actions and economic incentives postcrisis will likely influence the global CO2 emissions path for decades.

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836 Citations


Performance
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Author's H-index: 9

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20215
202015

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