scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Author

Christian Lefèvre

Bio: Christian Lefèvre is an academic researcher. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 270 citations.

Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the relationship between metropolitan government and governance taking a few western urban areas as examples and question the apparent success of the ongoing metropolitan experiences, focusing on the political and ideological dimensions of institution-building and the likely conflicts and obstacles unresolved by governance.
Abstract: The failure of top-down imposed institutional reform for metropolitan areas in the western world has called for new conceptions of institution-building. A bottom up, governance type approach is now considered in various countries which focuses on flexible, voluntary and partnership elements of collective action through which institution is no longer considered as a ready-made object but as a process. A large part of the literature insists upon the effectiveness of this approach through the search for consensus and highlights its internal elements as conditions of success. However, this conception forgets the political and ideological dimensions of institution-building and, consequently, the likely conflicts and obstacles unresolved by governance. This article discusses the relationships between metropolitan government and governance taking a few western urban areas as examples and questions the apparent success of the ongoing metropolitan experiences. L’echec des reformes institutionnelles imposees d’en haut dans les regions metropolitaines du monde occidental appelle une nouvelle conception de la formation des institutions. Une approche de type gouvernement, par le bas, centree sur les elements d’action collective flexibles, volontaires et en association, dans laquelle l’institution n’est plus consideree comme un objet tout fait mais comme un processus est maintenant envisagee dans certains pays. Une grande partie de la litterature insiste sur l’efficacite de cette approche par une recherche du consensus et souligne que les elements internes sont la clef du succes. Neanmoins, cette theorie oublie les dimensions politiques et ideologiques de la formation des institutions et, consequemment, les conflits probables et les difficultes non resolues par le gouvernement. Prenant quelques regions urbaines comme exemples, cet essai discute des relations entre gouvernement metropolitain et gouvernance et questionne le succes apparent des experiences metropolitaines en cours.

277 citations


Cited by
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors argue that processes of reterritorialisation, the reconfiguration and re-scaling of forms of territorial organisation such as cities and states, constitute an intrinsic moment of the current round of globalisation.
Abstract: Summary. In the rapidly growing literatures on globalisation, many authors have emphasised the apparent disembedding of social relations from their local-territorial pre-conditions. However, such arguments neglect the relatively ® xed and immobile forms of territorial organisation upon which the current round of globalisation is premised, such as urban-regional agglomerations and territorial states. This article argues that processes of reterritorialisation‐ the recon® guration and re-scaling of forms of territorial organisation such as cities and states‐ constitute an intrinsic moment of the current round of globalisation. Globalisation is conceived here as a reterritorialisation of both socioeconomic and political-institutional spaces that unfolds simultaneously upon multiple, superimposed geographical scales. The territorial organisation of contemporary urban spaces and state institutions must be viewed at once as a

1,002 citations

Book
15 Dec 2006
TL;DR: Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies as discussed by the authors develops important new relational and institutionalist approaches to policy analysis and planning, of relevance to all those with an interest in cities and urban areas.
Abstract: Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies develops important new relational and institutionalist approaches to policy analysis and planning, of relevance to all those with an interest in cities and urban areas. Well-illustrated chapters weave together conceptual development, experience and implications for future practice and address the challenge of urban and metropolitan planning and development. Useful for students, social scientists and policy makers, Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies offers concepts and detailed cases of interest to those involved in policy development and management, as well as providing a foundation of ideas and experiences, an account of the place-focused practices of governance and an approach to the analysis of governance dynamics. For those in the planning field itself, this book re-interprets the role of planning frameworks in linking spatial patterns to social dynamics with twenty-first century relevance.

753 citations

Book ChapterDOI
Neil Brenner1
TL;DR: The authors argue that the subnational scales of major urban regions represent strategic institutional arenas in which far-reaching transformations of state spatiality are unfolding, and suggest that processes of urban governance represent a key mechanism for the rescaling of (western European) state space.
Abstract: While many analyses of globalization and the changing state have focused on the construction of new supranational political regimes, such as the European Union, this chapter argues that the subnational scales of major urban regions represent strategic institutional arenas in which far-reaching transformations of state spatiality are unfolding I suggest, in particular, that processes of urban governance represent a key mechanism for the rescaling of (western European) state space First, managerial-welfarist forms of urban governance are shown to have played a major role in the consolidation and eventual crisis of nationalized state spaces between the 1950s and the mid-1970s Second, the entrepreneurial, growth-oriented approaches to urban governance that have proliferated during the post-1970s period are interpreted as significant expressions and catalysts of a fundamental rescaling of inherited national state spaces In contrast to the project of national territorial equalization associated with Keynesian welfare national states, contemporary “urban locational policies” promote the formation of Rescaled Competition State Regimes (RCSRs) in which (a) significant aspects of economic regulation are devolved to subnational institutional levels; and (b) major socio-economic assets are reconcentrated within the most globally competitive urban regions and industrial districts

366 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Neil Brenner1
TL;DR: In contrast to the forms of metropolitan governance that prevailed during the Fordist-Keynesian period, which emphasized administrative modernization, interterritorial equalization and the efficient delivery of public services, the newest wave of metropolitan Governance reform is focused upon economic priorities such as territorial competitiveness and attracting external capital investment in the context of geoeconomic and European integration as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Throughout western Europe, metropolitan governance is back on the agenda. Since the early 1990s, new forms of city-suburban cooperation, regional coordination, regionwide spatial planning and metropolitan institutional organization have been promoted in major city-regions. In contrast to the forms of metropolitan governance that prevailed during the Fordist-Keynesian period - which emphasized administrative modernization, interterritorial equalization and the efficient delivery of public services - the newest wave of metropolitan governance reform is focused upon economic priorities such as territorial competitiveness and attracting external capital investment in the context of geoeconomic and European integration. This article develops an interpretation of the new metropolitan governance in western Europe in two steps. First, I situate the new metropolitan governance in historical context by underscoring its qualitative differences from earlier waves of metropolitan institutional reform. Second, building...

307 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Neil Brenner1
01 Feb 2002-Cities
TL;DR: A critical overview of contemporary debates on metropolitan governance and regionwide cooperation in US city-regions can be found in this paper, where it is argued that contemporary metropolitan regionalist projects in the USA are extremely heterogeneous, both institutionally and politically, and are permeated by significant internal conflicts and contradictions.

281 citations