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D. Husson

Bio: D. Husson is an academic researcher from Delphi Automotive. The author has contributed to research in topics: Detector & Electron–positron annihilation. The author has an hindex of 24, co-authored 56 publications receiving 2398 citations. Previous affiliations of D. Husson include Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The DELPHI detector as discussed by the authors is a 4π detector with emphasis on particle identification, three-dimensional information, high granularity and precise vertex determination, which is used at the large electron positron collider (LEP) at CERN.
Abstract: DELPHI is a 4π detector with emphasis on particle identification, three-dimensional information, high granularity and precise vertex determination. The design criteria, the construction of the detector and the performance during the first year of operation at the large electron positron collider (LEP) at CERN are described.

419 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a novel active pixel sensor (MAPS) for charged particle tracking made in a standard CMOS technology is proposed, which has a special structure, which allows the high detection efficiency required for tracking applications.
Abstract: A novel Monolithic Active Pixel Sensor (MAPS) for charged particle tracking made in a standard CMOS technology is proposed. The sensor is a photodiode, which is readily available in a CMOS technology. The diode has a special structure, which allows the high detection efficiency required for tracking applications. The partially depleted thin epitaxial silicon layer is used as a sensitive detector volume. Semiconductor device simulation, using either ToSCA based or 3-D ISE-TCAD software packages shows that the charge collection is efficient, reasonably fast (order of 100 ns), and the charge spreading limited to a few pixels only. A first prototype has been designed, fabricated and tested. It is made of four arrays each containing 64×64 pixels, with a readout pitch of 20 μm in both directions. The device is fabricated using standard submicron 0.6 μm CMOS process, which features twin-tub implanted in a p-type epitaxial layer, a characteristic common to many modern CMOS VLSI processes. Extensive tests made with soft X-ray source ( 55 Fe) and minimum ionising particles (15 GeV/ c pions) fully demonstrate the predicted performances, with the individual pixel noise (ENC) below 20 electrons and the Signal-to-Noise ratio for both 5.9 keV X-rays and Minimum Ionising Particles (MIP) of the order of 30. This novel device opens new perspectives in high-precision vertex detectors in Particle Physics experiments, as well as in other application, like low-energy beta particle imaging, visible light single photon imaging (using the Hybrid Photon Detector approach) and high-precision slow neutron imaging.

395 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
P. Aarnio1, P. Abreu, Wolfgang Adam, P. Adrianos2  +556 moreInstitutions (31)
TL;DR: The first measurements of the mass and width of the Z 0 at the DELPHI Collaboration at the LEP Collider were presented in this article, where the authors derived the measurements from the multihadronic final states produced in e + e − annihilations at several energies around the 0 mass.

147 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors show the context of analysis and the first results of a research on media temporalities of the elderly, showing that the global relation of the autonomous elderly persons to the media can evolve when confronted to their new temporal framework and the new program offer, whereas their representations and use of the media remain quite stable.

146 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Oct 2000
TL;DR: In this paper, a monolithic active pixel sensor (MAPS) for charged particle tracking based on a novel detector structure was proposed, simulated, fabricated and tested, which is inseparable from the readout electronics, since both of them are integrated onto the same, standard for a CMOS process.
Abstract: A monolithic active pixel sensor (MAPS) for charged particle tracking based on a novel detector structure was proposed, simulated, fabricated and tested. The detector designed accordingly to this idea is inseparable from the readout electronics, since both of them are integrated onto the same, standard for a CMOS process, low-resistivity silicon wafer. The individual pixel is comprised of only 3 MOS transistors and a photodiode collecting the charge created in a thin undepleted epitaxial layer. This approach provides the whole detector surface sensitive to radiation (100% fill factor) with reduced pixel pitch(very high spatial resolution). This yields a low cost, high resolution and thin detecting device. The detailed device simulations using an ISE-TCAD package have been carried out in order to study a charge collection mechanism and to validate the proposed idea. Consequently, two prototype chips have been fabricated using 0.6 /spl mu/m and 0.35 /spl mu/m CMOS processes. Special radiation tolerant layout techniques were used in the second chip design. Both chips were tested and fully characterised. The pixel conversion gain was calibrated using 5.9 keV photons and prototype devices were exposed to the 120 GeV/c pion beams at CERN. Obtained results preceded by general design ideas and simulation results are reviewed.

123 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN as mentioned in this paper was designed to study proton-proton (and lead-lead) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV (5.5 TeV nucleon-nucleon) and at luminosities up to 10(34)cm(-2)s(-1)
Abstract: The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is described. The detector operates at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It was conceived to study proton-proton (and lead-lead) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV (5.5 TeV nucleon-nucleon) and at luminosities up to 10(34)cm(-2)s(-1) (10(27)cm(-2)s(-1)). At the core of the CMS detector sits a high-magnetic-field and large-bore superconducting solenoid surrounding an all-silicon pixel and strip tracker, a lead-tungstate scintillating-crystals electromagnetic calorimeter, and a brass-scintillator sampling hadron calorimeter. The iron yoke of the flux-return is instrumented with four stations of muon detectors covering most of the 4 pi solid angle. Forward sampling calorimeters extend the pseudo-rapidity coverage to high values (vertical bar eta vertical bar <= 5) assuring very good hermeticity. The overall dimensions of the CMS detector are a length of 21.6 m, a diameter of 14.6 m and a total weight of 12500 t.

5,193 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the neutralino is considered as a superpartner in many supersymmetric theories, and the cosmological abundance of neutralino and the event rates for both direct and indirect detection schemes are discussed.
Abstract: There is almost universal agreement among astronomers that most of the mass in the Universe and most of the mass in the Galactic halo is dark. Many lines of reasoning suggest that the dark matter consists of some new, as yet undiscovered, weakly-interacting massive particle (WIMP). There is now a vast experimental effort being surmounted to detect WIMPS in the halo. The most promising techniques involve direct detection in low-background laboratory detectors and indirect detection through observation of energetic neutrinos from annihilation of WIMPs that have accumulated in the Sun and/or the Earth. Of the many WIMP candidates, perhaps the best motivated and certainly the most theoretically developed is the neutralino, the lightest superpartner in many supersymmetric theories. We review the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model and discuss prospects for detection of neutralino dark matter. We review in detail how to calculate the cosmological abundance of the neutralino and the event rates for both direct- and indirect-detection schemes, and we discuss astrophysical and laboratory constraints on supersymmetric models. We isolate and clarify the uncertainties from particle physics, nuclear physics, and astrophysics that enter at each step in the calculation. We briefly review other related dark-matter candidates and detection techniques.

2,047 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the neutralino is proposed as the lightest superpartner in many supersymmetric theories, and it is shown how to calculate the cosmological abundance of neutralino and event rates for both direct and indirect detection schemes.

1,670 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP are reported.

1,381 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
André Holzner1
TL;DR: The results of the searches for the Higgs boson made by the 4 LEP experiments in data between 161 and 172GeV are presented in this paper, which gives an improved mass limit of 77GeV/c2.

1,325 citations