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D. N. Alleyne

Bio: D. N. Alleyne is an academic researcher from Imperial College London. The author has contributed to research in topics: Lamb waves & Guided wave testing. The author has an hindex of 26, co-authored 32 publications receiving 6342 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results indicate that Lamb waves may be used to find notches when the wavelength to notch depth ratio is on the order of 40, and the 2-D Fourier transform method is used to quantify Lamb wave interactions with defects.
Abstract: The interaction of individual Lamb waves with a variety of defects simulated by notches is investigated using finite-element analysis, and the results are checked experimentally. Excellent agreement is obtained. It is shown that a 2-D Fourier transform method may be used to quantify Lamb wave interactions with defects. The sensitivity of individual Lamb waves to particular notches is dependent on the frequency-thickness product, the mode type and order, and the geometry of the notch. The sensitivity of the Lamb modes a/sub 1/, alpha /sub 0/, and s/sub 0/ to simulated defects in different frequency-thickness regions is predicted as a function of the defect depth to plate thickness ratio and the results indicate that Lamb waves may be used to find notches when the wavelength to notch depth ratio is on the order of 40. Transmission ratios of Lamb waves across defects are highly frequency dependent. >

912 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a two-dimensional Fourier transform (2D FFT) was used to measure the amplitudes and velocities of the Lamb waves propagating in a plate, the output of the transform being presented using an isometric projection which gives a three-dimensional view of the wave-number dispersion curves.
Abstract: A technique for the analysis of propagating multimode signals is presented. The method involves a two-dimensional Fourier transformation of the time history of the waves received at a series of equally spaced positions along the propagation path. The technique has been used to measure the amplitudes and velocities of the Lamb waves propagating in a plate, the output of the transform being presented using an isometric projection which gives a three-dimensional view of the wave-number dispersion curves. The results of numerical and experimental studies to measure the dispersion curves of Lamb waves propagating in 0.5-, 2.0-, and 3.0-mm-thick steel plates are presented. The results are in good agreement with analytical predictions and show the effectiveness of using the two-dimensional Fourier transform (2-D FFT) method to identify and measure the amplitudes of individual Lamb modes.

889 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This investigation was designed to study the application of a non-invasive test method using resonance frequency analysis to make quantitative measurements of the stability of the implant tissue interface in- vitro and in-vivo.
Abstract: Bone anchored implants are now being used in dentistry for supporting intraoral and craniofacial prostheses. Although high success rates have been reported, a small number of implants may fail during the early healing phase or lateral in function. Currently available clinical methods to determine implant stability and osseointegration are relatively crude and may entail percussing a fixture with a blunt instrument. Radiographs are of value, but a standardised technique is necessary to ensure repeatability. This investigation was designed to study the application of a non-invasive test method using resonance frequency analysis to make quantitative measurements of the stability of the implant tissue interface in-vitro and in-vivo. The resonance frequency of a small transducer was measured when attached to implants embedded at different heights in an aluminum block. A strong correlation (r = 0.94, p < 0.01) was observed between the observed frequency and the height of implantation fixture exposed. The change in stiffness observed in the bone surrounding an implant during healing was modelled by embedding implants in self-curing polymethylmethacrylate and measuring the resonance frequency at periods during polymerisation. A significant increase in resonance frequency was observed related to the increase in stiffness. Resonance frequency measurements were also made on implants in-vivo and the results correlated well with the in-vitro findings.

801 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a review of the studies of the propagation of the waves and their sensitivity to defects which have been conducted in order to provide a sound scientific basis for the method.

581 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 1997
TL;DR: In this article, a general-purpose program that can create dispersion curves for a very wide range of systems and then effectively communicate the information contained within those curves is presented, using the global matrix method to handle multi-layered Cartesian and cylindrical systems.
Abstract: The application of guided waves in NDT can be hampered by the lack of readily available dispersion curves for complex structures. To overcome this hindrance, we have developed a general purpose program that can create dispersion curves for a very wide range of systems and then effectively communicate the information contained within those curves. The program uses the global matrix method to handle multi-layered Cartesian and cylindrical systems. The solution routines cover both leaky and non-leaky cases and remain robust for systems which are known to be difficult, such as large frequency-thicknesses and thin layers embedded in much thicker layers. Elastic and visco-elastic isotropic materials are fully supported; anisotropic materials are also covered, but are currently limited to the elastic, non-leaky, Cartesian case.

485 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A comprehensive review on the state of the art of Lamb wave-based damage identification approaches for composite structures, addressing the advances and achievements in these techniques in the past decades, is provided in this paper.

1,350 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results indicate that Lamb waves may be used to find notches when the wavelength to notch depth ratio is on the order of 40, and the 2-D Fourier transform method is used to quantify Lamb wave interactions with defects.
Abstract: The interaction of individual Lamb waves with a variety of defects simulated by notches is investigated using finite-element analysis, and the results are checked experimentally. Excellent agreement is obtained. It is shown that a 2-D Fourier transform method may be used to quantify Lamb wave interactions with defects. The sensitivity of individual Lamb waves to particular notches is dependent on the frequency-thickness product, the mode type and order, and the geometry of the notch. The sensitivity of the Lamb modes a/sub 1/, alpha /sub 0/, and s/sub 0/ to simulated defects in different frequency-thickness regions is predicted as a function of the defect depth to plate thickness ratio and the results indicate that Lamb waves may be used to find notches when the wavelength to notch depth ratio is on the order of 40. Transmission ratios of Lamb waves across defects are highly frequency dependent. >

912 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the capability of embedded piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to excite and detect tuned Lamb waves for structural health monitoring is explored.
Abstract: The capability of embedded piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to excite and detect tuned Lamb waves for structural health monitoring is explored. First, a brief review of Lamb waves theory is presented. Second, the PWAS operating principles and their structural coupling through a thin adhesive layer are analyzed. Then, a model of the Lamb waves tuning mechanism with PWAS transducers is described. The model uses the space domain Fourier transform. The analysis is performed in the wavenumber space. The inverse Fourier transform is used to return into the physical space. The integrals are evaluated with the residues theorem. A general solution is obtained for a generic expression of the interface shear stress distribution. The general solution is reduced to a closed-form expression for the case of ideal bonding which admits a closed-form Fourier transform of the interfacial shear stress. It is shown that the strain wave response varies like sin a, whereas the displacement response varies like sinc a. ...

890 citations

Book
11 Aug 2014
TL;DR: The semi-analytical finite element method (SAFE) has been used for guided wave modeling as discussed by the authors, which has been shown to be useful in the analysis and display of non-destructive testing.
Abstract: Preface Acknowledgments 1. Introduction 2. Dispersion principles 3. Unbounded isotropic and anisotropic media 4. Reflection and refraction 5. Oblique incidence 6. Waves in plates 7. Surface and subsurface waves 8. Finite element method for guided wave mechanics 9. The semi-analytical finite element method (SAFE) 10. Guided waves in hollow cylinders 11. Circumferential guided waves 12. Guided waves in layered structures 13. Source influence on guided wave excitation 14. Horizontal shear 15. Guided waves in anisotropic media 16. Guided wave phased arrays in piping 17. Guided waves in viscoelastic media 18. Ultrasonic vibrations 19. Guided wave array transducers 20. Introduction to guided wave nonlinear methods 21. Guided wave imaging methods Appendix A: ultrasonic nondestructive testing principles, analysis and display technology Appendix B: basic formulas and concepts in the theory of elasticity Appendix C: physically based signal processing concepts for guided waves Appendix D: guided wave mode and frequency selection tips.

823 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The use of ultrasonic arrays for non-destructive evaluation has been extensively studied in the literature as mentioned in this paper, where the main advantages of arrays are their increased flexibility over traditional single element transducers, and their ability to produce immediate images of the test structure.
Abstract: An ultrasonic array is a single transducer that contains a number of individually connected elements. Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the use of ultrasonic arrays for non-destructive evaluation. Arrays offer great potential to increase inspection quality and reduce inspection time. Their main advantages are their increased flexibility over traditional single element transducer methods, meaning that one array can be used to perform a number of different inspections, and their ability to produce immediate images of the test structure. These advantages have led to the rapid uptake of arrays by the engineering industry. These industrial applications are underpinned by a wide range of published research which describes new piezoelectric materials, array geometries, modelling methods and inspection modalities. The aim of this paper is to bring together the most relevant published work on arrays for non-destructive evaluation applications, comment on the state-of the art and discuss future directions. There is also a significant body of published literature referring to use of arrays in the medical and sonar fields and the most relevant papers from these related areas are also reviewed. However, although there is much common ground, the use of arrays in non-destructive evaluation offers some distinctly different challenges to these other disciplines.

818 citations