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Author

D. Spirito

Bio: D. Spirito is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Materials science & Halide. The author has co-authored 1 publications.

Papers
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TL;DR: In this article , a technique based on hydrogen irradiation was proposed to induce the formation of wrinkles and bubbles in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), resulting in remarkably high strains of ∼2%.
Abstract: Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is widely used as a protective layer for few-atom-thick crystals and heterostructures (HSs), and it hosts quantum emitters working up to room temperature. In both instances, strain is expected to play an important role, either as an unavoidable presence in the HS fabrication or as a tool to tune the quantum emitter electronic properties. Addressing the role of strain and exploiting its tuning potentiality require the development of efficient methods to control it and of reliable tools to quantify it. Here we present a technique based on hydrogen irradiation to induce the formation of wrinkles and bubbles in hBN, resulting in remarkably high strains of ∼2%. By combining infrared (IR) near-field scanning optical microscopy and micro-Raman measurements with numerical calculations, we characterize the response to strain for both IR-active and Raman-active modes, revealing the potential of the vibrational properties of hBN as highly sensitive strain probes.

20 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An approach exploiting strain engineering to induce large tensile strain in microdisk made of GeSn alloy with Sn content of 14 at% is presented in this paper , which enables robust multimode laser emission at room temperature.
Abstract: The success of GeSn alloys as active material for infrared lasers could pave the way toward a monolithic technology that can be manufactured within mainstream silicon photonics. Nonetheless, for operation on chip, lasing should occur at room temperature or beyond. Unfortunately, despite the intense research in recent years, many hurdles have yet to be overcome. An approach exploiting strain engineering to induce large tensile strain in micro‐disk made of GeSn alloy with Sn content of 14 at% is presented here. This method enables robust multimode laser emission at room temperature. Furthermore, tensile strain enables proper valence band engineering; as a result, over a large range of operating temperatures, lower lasing thresholds are observed compared to high Sn content GeSn lasers operating at similar wavelength.

12 citations

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TL;DR: In this article , the structural dynamics of flakes of exfoliated layered Ag•Bi bromide double PSKs were investigated by angle-dependent polarized Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory modeling.
Abstract: Metal‐halide perovskites (PSKs) are emergent materials for a large range of applications, and the layered double PSK architectures vastly enrich the opportunities to design their composition, structural properties, and optoelectronic behavior. The stability, crystal phase, and electronic bandgap depend strongly on the bonds and distortions of the octahedra lattice that are at the origin of the vibrational spectrum of these materials. This work investigates the structural dynamics of flakes of exfoliated layered Ag‐Bi bromide double PSKs by angle‐dependent polarized Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory modeling. The well‐defined orientation of the inorganic octahedra lattice with respect to the light polarization allows to correlate the angle‐dependent intensity of the Raman signal to the directionality and symmetry of the phonon modes. Low‐frequency vibrations are revealed for which a detailed microscopic and group theory assignment of the Raman modes is provided. The temperature‐dependent measurements across the phase transitions show marked changes in the phonon frequencies, reveal soft modes, and help to distinguish first from second‐order transitions as well as to determine their transition temperature. This provides highly valuable insights to improve the properties of this class of Pb‐free PSKs for applications in energy harvesting and optoelectronics.

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the temperature-dependent microphotoluminescence (PL) of 2D (C6H5CH2CH2NH3)2Cs3Pb4Br13 HOIP subject to biaxial strain induced by a SiO2 ring platform on which flakes are placed by viscoelastic stamping was investigated.
Abstract: Strain is an effective strategy to modulate the optoelectronic properties of 2D materials, but it has been almost unexplored in layered hybrid organic-inorganic metal halide perovskites (HOIPs) due to their complex band structure and mechanical properties. Here, we investigate the temperature-dependent microphotoluminescence (PL) of 2D (C6H5CH2CH2NH3)2Cs3Pb4Br13 HOIP subject to biaxial strain induced by a SiO2 ring platform on which flakes are placed by viscoelastic stamping. At 80 K, we found that a strain of <1% can change the PL emission from a single peak (unstrained) to three well-resolved peaks. Supported by micro-Raman spectroscopy, we show that the thermomechanically generated strain modulates the bandgap due to changes in the octahedral tilting and lattice expansion. Mechanical simulations demonstrate the coexistence of tensile and compressive strain along the flake. The observed PL peaks add an interesting feature to the rich phenomenology of photoluminescence in 2D HOIPs, which can be exploited in tailored sensing and optoelectronic devices.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a photoluminescence (PL) quenching of solid-state PbS quantum dot solids cast from the solution phase on a silicon substrate is proposed to detect nitrobenzene vapor.
Abstract: Detection of explosive traces in the vapor phase is of primary importance for safety and security in several environments. Different detection methods with high sensitivity are available in the market, but they are typically expensive and require specialized personnel to be operated. Here, we propose a compact, low-cost sensor for explosive detection based on the photoluminescence (PL) quenching of solid-state PbS quantum dot solids cast from the solution phase on a silicon substrate. We demonstrate the sensor capability to detect nitrobenzene vapor at a concentration as low as 445 ppb in air at room temperature, overcoming the performance of other state-of-the-art quantum dot-based PL sensors for nitroaromatic compounds. Moreover, the proposed system can be realized with off-the-shelf electronics and does not need any additional laboratory equipment to be operated, thus paving the way for its deployment in distributed sensor networks.

4 citations


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the strain configuration of boron vacancy centers (VB-) created by ion implantation in h-BN flakes was investigated using wide-field spatially resolved optically detected magnetic resonance and submicro Raman spectroscopy.
Abstract: Hexagonal boron nitride is not only a promising functional material for the development of two-dimensional optoelectronic devices but also a good candidate for quantum sensing thanks to the presence of quantum emitters in the form of atom-like defects. Their exploitation in quantum technologies necessitates understanding their coherence properties as well as their sensitivity to external stimuli. In this work, we probe the strain configuration of boron vacancy centers (VB-) created by ion implantation in h-BN flakes thanks to wide-field spatially resolved optically detected magnetic resonance and submicro Raman spectroscopy. Our experiments demonstrate the ability of VB- for quantum sensing of strain and, given the omnipresence of h-BN in 2D-based devices, open the door for in situ imaging of strain under working conditions.

18 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a series of highly luminescent 1D double perovskites (DPs) inspired materials, (DFPD)2MIInBr6, were reported.
Abstract: Double perovskites (DPs) are one of the most promising candidates for developing white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) owing to their intrinsic broadband emission from self-trapped excitons (STEs). Translation of three-dimensional (3D) DPs to one-dimensional (1D) analogues, which could break the octahedral tolerance factor limit, is so far remaining unexplored. Herein, by employing a fluorinated organic cation, we report a series of highly luminescent 1D DP-inspired materials, (DFPD)2MIInBr6 (DFPD = 4,4-difluoropiperidinium, MI = K+ and Rb+). Highly efficient warm-white photoluminescence quantum yield of 92 % is achieved by doping 0.3% Sb3+ in (DFPD)2KInBr6. Furthermore, single-component warm-WLEDs fabricated with (DFPD)2KInBr6:Sb yield a luminance of 300 cd/m2, which is one of the best-performing lead-free metal-halides WLEDs reported so far. Our study expands the scope of In-based metal-halides from 3D to 1D, which exhibit superior optical performances and broad application prospects.

8 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors present novel strategies to induce and control the strain on transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) layers, which provide the blueprint for the realization of strain-tuneable, flexible photonic devices based on 2D semiconductors.

7 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , it was shown that magnetic deformation can lead to a modification of the exciton magnetic moment in WS-2 monolayers, leading to a decrease in the modulus of the g factor of the ground-state exciton.
Abstract: Mechanical deformations and ensuing strain are routinely exploited to tune the band gap energy and to enhance the functionalities of two-dimensional crystals. In this Letter, we show that strain leads also to a strong modification of the exciton magnetic moment in WS_{2} monolayers. Zeeman-splitting measurements under magnetic fields up to 28.5 T were performed on single, one-layer-thick WS_{2} microbubbles. The strain of the bubbles causes a hybridization of k-space direct and indirect excitons resulting in a sizable decrease in the modulus of the g factor of the ground-state exciton. These findings indicate that strain may have major effects on the way the valley number of excitons can be used to process binary information in two-dimensional crystals.

5 citations