Author

# Dan Luss

Other affiliations: University of Minnesota, Texas Center for Superconductivity

Bio: Dan Luss is an academic researcher from University of Houston. The author has contributed to research in topics: Combustion & Reaction rate. The author has an hindex of 39, co-authored 251 publications receiving 5431 citations. Previous affiliations of Dan Luss include University of Minnesota & Texas Center for Superconductivity.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: A combinatorial library of catalyst candidates, each consisting of a different metal element supported on γ-alumina, is screened for hydrogen oxidation catalytic activity by noninvasive IR thermography as mentioned in this paper.

Abstract: A combinatorial library of catalyst candidates, each consisting of a different metal element supported on γ-alumina, is screened for hydrogen oxidation catalytic activity Heat liberated on the surface of active catalysts by the catalyzed reaction is detected by noninvasive IR thermography A 16-candidate library identifies four distinctly active pellets, which correspond to active formulations known from the literature A higher density library shows similar results, but heat and mass transport effects influence the pellet temperatures This method may be used to screen and optimize catalyst formulations more efficiently and quickly than current methods and may also be useful for study of operational lifetime, resistance to poisons, and regenerability

241 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a systematic, efficient scheme is presented for finding parameter values corresponding to a specific number of solutions. But this scheme is not suitable for large-scale systems, where many chemical reactions occur simultaneously with a large number of parameters.

Abstract: Mathematical models of lumped-parameter systems in which many chemical reactions occur simultaneously contain a large number of parameters, so that a p Theoretical guidance is needed to determine all the multiplicity features and the corresponding parameter regions. A systematic, efficient scheme is presented for finding parameter values corresponding to a specific number of solutions. A new scheme is developed for bifurcation diagrams, which describe the dependence of a state variable on a slowly changing operating variable. Some general predictions are made abou systems. Bounds on the values of the bifurcation or state variable may create bifurcation diagrams which cannot be found close to the highest order sin of solutions even when an isola variety does not exist. Several examples illustrate the application of the mathematical techniques.

157 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the maximal number of steady-state solutions of a lumped parameter system in which several chemical reactions occur simultaneously is determined, and the method can predict also the different types of diagrams describing the dependence of a state variable of the reactor on a design or operating variable.

Abstract: A new, powerful mathematical technique enables a systematic determination of the maximal number of steady-state solutions of lumped parameter systems in which several chemical reactions occur simultaneously. The method can predict also the different types of diagrams describing the dependence of a state variable of the reactor on a design or operating variable. The technique is applied to several reaction networks giving new results and insight. For example, it is proven that when N independent, parallel exothermic reactions with equal and high activation energies occur in a CSTR there exist N ! distinct regions of parameters in each of which 2 N + 1 steady-state solutions exist.

150 citations

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TL;DR: Singularity theory with a distinguished parameter, as developed by Golubitsky and Schaeffer, is a very useful tool for predicting the influence of changes in a control or design variable on the steady-state of lumped-parameter systems as mentioned in this paper.

Abstract: Singularity theory with a distinguished parameter, as developed by Golubitsky and Schaeffer, is a very useful tool for predicting the influence of changes in a control or design variable on the steady-states of lumped-parameter systems. The theory is used to construct various bifurcation diagrams describing the influence of changes in the residence time on the temperature in a CSTR in which several reactions occur simultaneously. The number of different bifurcation diagrams increases very rapidly with increasing number of reactions. The predictions of this local theory provide important theoretical guidance in the global analysis of the multiplicity features.

135 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that the combustion of an Al-Bi2O3 nanoparticle mixture generated the highest pressure pulse among common nanothermite reactions and can potentially be used as a nanoenergetic gas generator.

Abstract: Our experiments showed that the combustion of an Al-Bi2O3 nanoparticle mixture generated the highest pressure pulse among common nanothermite reactions and can potentially be used as a nanoenergetic gas generator. The combustion front propagation velocity and rate of energy release increased by up to three orders of magnitude when the particle size was reduced to a nanosize range for both the aluminum and the oxidizer. We developed a novel one-step (metal nitrate-glycine) combustion synthesis of nanostructured amorphous-like and highly crystalline bismuth trioxide nanoparticles. The combustion synthesis was conducted using a solution of molten bismuth nitrate as an oxidizer and glycine as a fuel. The glycine was completely combusted during the thermal decomposition of the bismuth nitrate pentahydrate and generated a temperature front that propagated through the sample. Increasing the fuel concentration increased the maximum combustion temperature from 280 to 1200 degrees C and the Bi2O3 particle size from 20 to 100 nm. The oxidizer/fuel ratio had a strong impact on the bismuth trioxide particle crystallinity. At low temperature (280 degrees C), amorphous-like bismuth trioxide nanoparticles formed, while at T > or =370 degrees C the structures were crystalline. A peak pressure of approximately 12 MPa and a thermal front propagating velocity of approximately 2500 m s(-1) were achieved during the combustion of an Al-Bi2O3 mixture containing 80 wt% of the synthesized Bi2O3 crystalline nanoparticles (size: 40-50 nm).

111 citations

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^{1}TL;DR: This paper describes mathematical and software developments for a suite of programs for solving ordinary differential equations in MATLAB.

Abstract: This paper describes mathematical and software developments for a suite of programs for solving ordinary differential equations in MATLAB.

3,330 citations

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TL;DR: A comprehensive overview of methanation research conducted during the last century is presented in this paper, where application-oriented research focusing on reactor developments, reactor modeling, and pilot plant investigation is reviewed.

Abstract: Methane production from syngas goes back to more than 100 years of research and process development. Early developments (1970–1980) using syngas from coal gasification plants primarily focused on fixed-bed and fluidized-bed methanation technologies. Temperature control and catalyst deactivation, e.g. caused by fouling and mechanical stress, were key issues of investigation. Due to the debate about a sustainable energy supply, research on methanation has been intensified during the last ten years. Novel reactor developments comprise e.g. micro reactors and three-phase reactors aiming at an advanced temperature control and a reduced complexity of future methanation plants. The developments are supported by detailed modeling and simulation work to optimize the design and dynamic behavior. To accompany and facilitate new methanation developments, the present work is aimed at giving researchers a comprehensive overview of methanation research conducted during the last century. On one hand, application-orientated research focusing on reactor developments, reactor modeling, and pilot plant investigation is reviewed. On the other hand, fundamentals such as reaction mechanisms and catalyst deactivation are presented.

973 citations

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TL;DR: Vyazovkin et al. as discussed by the authors used an integration technique that properly accounts for the variation in the activation energy, which was implemented as a modification of the earlier proposed advanced isoconversional method and applied to the thermal decomposition of calcium oxalate monohydrate and ammonium nitrate.

Abstract: Integral isoconversional methods may give rise to noticeable systematic error in the activation energy when the latter strongly varies with the extent of conversion. This error is eliminated by using an integration technique that properly accounts for the variation in the activation energy. The technique is implemented as a modification of the earlier proposed advanced isoconversional method [Vyazovkin, S. J Comput Chem 1997, 18, 393]. The applications of the modified method are illustrated by simulations as well as by processing of data on the thermal decomposition of calcium oxalate monohydrate and ammonium nitrate. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Comput Chem 22: 178–183, 2001

917 citations

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TL;DR: By converting the ions generated in an electrochemical half-cell reaction to a fluorescence signal, the most active compositions in a large electrode array have been identified.

Abstract: Combinatorial screening of electrochemical catalysts by current-voltage methods can be unwieldy for large sample sizes. By converting the ions generated in an electrochemical half-cell reaction to a fluorescence signal, the most active compositions in a large electrode array have been identified. A fluorescent acid-base indicator was used to image high concentrations of hydrogen ions, which were generated in the electrooxidation of methanol. A 645-member electrode array containing five elements (platinum, ruthenium, osmium, iridium, and rhodium), 80 binary, 280 ternary, and 280 quaternary combinations was screened to identify the most active regions of phase space. Subsequent “zoom” screens pinpointed several very active compositions, some in ternary and quaternary regions that were bounded by rather inactive binaries. The best catalyst, platinum(44)/ruthenium(41)/osmium(10)/iridium(5) (numbers in parentheses are atomic percent), was significantly more active than platinum(50)/ruthenium(50) in a direct methanol fuel cell operating at 60°C, even though the latter catalyst had about twice the surface area of the former.

904 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the recent developments and trends in combustion science towards the synthesis of nanomaterials are discussed, and different modifications made to conventional combustion approaches for preparation of nano-materials are critically analyzed.

Abstract: The recent developments and trends in combustion science towards the synthesis of nanomaterials are discussed. Different modifications made to conventional combustion approaches for preparation of nanomaterials are critically analyzed. Special attention is paid to various applications of combustion synthesized nanosized products.

842 citations