David A. Torrey
Bio: David A. Torrey is an academic researcher from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The author has contributed to research in topics: Switched reluctance motor & Inverter. The author has an hindex of 31, co-authored 61 publications receiving 3371 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: How the switched reluctance generator (SRG) converts energy as directed by a controller is discussed, and the implications of the energy conversion process on how the SRG is controlled are identified.
Abstract: This paper discusses how the switched reluctance generator (SRG) converts energy as directed by a controller. Beginning with a review of the electromechanics of generation, the paper identifies the implications of the energy conversion process on how the SRG is controlled. The structure of the SRG controller for speed-control and power-control applications is discussed. Practical implementation details for commutation of the SRG are reviewed. Concepts are illustrated with a 6-kW SRG designed to serve as a starter/alternator in automotive applications.
TL;DR: In this paper, an active power filter for single-phase power systems which are comprised of multiple nonlinear loads is presented. But the spectral performance of the active filter is not evaluated.
Abstract: This paper presents active power filters for single-phase power systems which are comprised of multiple nonlinear loads. The paper provides background on the operation of the filter, the details of the power circuit, the details of the control design, representative waveforms, and spectral performance for a filter which supports a 384 W AC controller and a 900 W uncontrolled bridge rectifier. Experimental data indicate that the active filter typically consumes 3% or less of the average load power, suggesting that a parallel filter is an efficient compensation approach. The spectral performance shows that the active filter brings the system into compliance with IEC-555 for decision frequencies in excess of 30 kHz. A discussion is presented outlining an alternative single-phase active filter which uses two controllable switches and is based on a half-bridge topology. >
01 Sep 1990
TL;DR: In this paper, a high-power variable-reluctance motor (VRM) and a GTO-based inverter that excites the motor were used to predict the drive performance up to frequencies were eddy currents have significant influence.
Abstract: The paper presents models for a high-power (60 kW) variable-reluctance motor (VRM) and for the GTO-based inverter that excites the motor Model development is motivated by the accurate performance predictions required to support optimised control and excitation One component of the motor model analytically describes the nonlinear magnetic characteristics of the motor, accounting for both spatial and magnetic nonlinearities The magnetic model is physically motivated, and its ties to motor geometry are discussed Fitting of the general magnetic model to the experimental VRM is based on static magnetic measurements, but the model is shown to do an excellent job of predicting dynamic behaviour up to frequencies were eddy currents have significant influence The magnetic model used for the motor is more accurate, yet easier to implement, than the piecewise linear magnetic model typically used for reluctance motors Electrical terminal behaviour and torque are based on the analytic magnetic model Another model component is presented for motor resistive losses and core losses The former is treated analytically, while the latter is treated heuristically The accuracy of the motor model is verified experimentally, demonstrating that the model has the ability to predict the drive performance in sufficient detail to allow the development of excitation strategies for the drive The inverter losses considered here include conduction, snubbing and switching The inverter model complements the motor model and creates an integrated description of the drive, which may be used to evaluate candidate excitation strategies The accuracy of the models is verified experimentally, demonstrating they have the ability to predict the drive performance in sufficient detail to allow the development of optimised excitation and control strategies for the drive
TL;DR: A general magnetic circuit model of the mutually coupled SRM that adapts to any geometry, unlike existing geometry-dependent approaches (such as finite elements), which are numerically intensive and require excessive computation time is introduced.
Abstract: The mutually coupled switched-reluctance motor (SRM) appears to have several performance advantages over other motor technologies. The existence of strong coupling between phases, however, makes the analysis of this machine quite complicated. Preliminary design of this machine can be greatly accelerated by the ability to evaluate potential motor geometries quickly. This paper introduces a general magnetic circuit model of the mutually coupled SRM that adapts to any geometry, unlike existing geometry-dependent approaches (such as finite elements), which are numerically intensive and require excessive computation time. The model uniquely implements the magneto-motive force (mmf) sources necessary to accommodate complex flux paths through the machine and includes the effects of magnetic saturation. The results are compared to those of a finite element solver to demonstrate the performance of this method as a first-step to evaluating candidate designs.
02 Oct 1994
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an active power filter for three-phase power systems, which is composed of a six-switch threephase inverter, a DC bus capacitor, and an isolation transformer.
Abstract: This paper presents an active power filter for three-phase power systems. The work is motivated by the need for active filtration in a current-source excitation system for a variable-reluctance generator. The active filter is comprised of a six-switch three-phase inverter, a DC bus capacitor, and an isolation transformer. The isolation transformer is required by the application. The leakage inductance associated with each phase of the isolation transformer is used as the series impedance with each phase, by which the inverter is able to actively shape the phase currents in order to compensate for the nonlinearities of all loads within the point of common coupling. The active filter is controlled through two control loops. The inner current regulation loop uses sliding-mode control by virtue of its ease of implementation. The outer voltage loop regulates the average voltage on the DC bus capacitor. The outer voltage loop is responsible for correctly setting the commanded magnitude of the phase currents. This paper presents the analysis, design, and operation of the active filter. Experimental results are provided for the active filter compensating a phase-controlled rectifier which is drawing 10.4 kW. >
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
TL;DR: This paper presents a comprehensive review of active filter configurations, control strategies, selection of components, other related economic and technical considerations, and their selection for specific applications.
Abstract: Active filtering of electric power has now become a mature technology for harmonic and reactive power compensation in two-wire (single phase), three-wire (three phase without neutral), and four-wire (three phase with neutral) AC power networks with nonlinear loads. This paper presents a comprehensive review of active filter (AF) configurations, control strategies, selection of components, other related economic and technical considerations, and their selection for specific applications. It is aimed at providing a broad perspective on the status of AF technology to researchers and application engineers dealing with power quality issues. A list of more than 200 research publications on the subject is also appended for a quick reference.
TL;DR: Current control techniques for three-phase voltage-source pulsewidth modulated converters, including bang-bang (hysteresis, delta modulation) controllers and predictive controllers with on-line optimization are reviewed.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present a review of current control techniques for three-phase voltage-source pulsewidth modulated converters. Various techniques, different in concept, have been described in two main groups: linear and nonlinear. The first includes proportional integral (stationary and synchronous) and state feedback controllers, and predictive techniques with constant switching frequency. The second comprises bang-bang (hysteresis, delta modulation) controllers and predictive controllers with on-line optimization. New trends in current control-neural networks and fuzzy-logic-based controllers-are discussed, as well. Selected oscillograms accompany the presentation in order to illustrate properties of the described controller groups.
TL;DR: This paper presents an exhaustive review of three-phase improved power quality AC-DC converters configurations, control strategies, selection of components, comparative factors, recent trends, their suitability, and selection for specific applications.
Abstract: Solid-state switch-mode rectification converters have reached a matured level for improving power quality in terms of power-factor correction (PFC), reduced total harmonic distortion at input AC mains and precisely regulated DC output in buck, boost, buck-boost and multilevel modes with unidirectional and bidirectional power flow. This paper deals with a comprehensive review of improved power quality converters (IPQCs) configurations, control approaches, design features, selection of components, other related considerations, and their suitability and selection for specific applications. It is targeted to provide a wide spectrum on the status of IPQC technology to researchers, designers and application engineers working on switched-mode AC-DC converters. A classified list of more than 450 research publications on the state of art of IPQC is also given for a quick reference.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors comprehensively review and classify various step-up dc-dc converters based on their characteristics and voltage-boosting techniques, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these voltage boosting techniques and associated converters.
Abstract: DC–DC converters with voltage boost capability are widely used in a large number of power conversion applications, from fraction-of-volt to tens of thousands of volts at power levels from milliwatts to megawatts. The literature has reported on various voltage-boosting techniques, in which fundamental energy storing elements (inductors and capacitors) and/or transformers in conjunction with switch(es) and diode(s) are utilized in the circuit. These techniques include switched capacitor (charge pump), voltage multiplier, switched inductor/voltage lift, magnetic coupling, and multistage/-level, and each has its own merits and demerits depending on application, in terms of cost, complexity, power density, reliability, and efficiency. To meet the growing demand for such applications, new power converter topologies that use the above voltage-boosting techniques, as well as some active and passive components, are continuously being proposed. The permutations and combinations of the various voltage-boosting techniques with additional components in a circuit allow for numerous new topologies and configurations, which are often confusing and difficult to follow. Therefore, to present a clear picture on the general law and framework of the development of next-generation step-up dc–dc converters, this paper aims to comprehensively review and classify various step-up dc–dc converters based on their characteristics and voltage-boosting techniques. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of these voltage-boosting techniques and associated converters are discussed in detail. Finally, broad applications of dc–dc converters are presented and summarized with comparative study of different voltage-boosting techniques.