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David P. Schmidt

Bio: David P. Schmidt is an academic researcher from University of Massachusetts Amherst. The author has contributed to research in topics: Nozzle & Computational fluid dynamics. The author has an hindex of 31, co-authored 115 publications receiving 3591 citations. Previous affiliations of David P. Schmidt include Massachusetts Institute of Technology & University of Wisconsin-Madison.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work shows how the no-time-counter (NTC) method can be extended for the general case of varying numbers of droplets per parcel and produces a method of calculating spray droplet collisions that is both faster and more accurate than the current standard method of O'Rourke.

557 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a linear stability analysis is presented for a liquid sheet that includes the effects of the surrounding gas, surface tension and the liquid viscosity on the wave growth process, which is used to predict the maximum unstable growth rate and wave length, the sheet breakup length and the resulting drop size for pressure-swirl atomizers.

351 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors have shown that the cavitation in fuel injector nozzles has a significant effect on the quality of spray and charge preparation, but the mechanism and degree of this effect is unclear.
Abstract: Diesel fuel injector nozzles have a significant effect on the quality of spray and charge preparation. However, the mechanism and degree of this effect is unclear. The complexity of the internal nozzle flow has hindered the study of the fuel injection process. Diesel fuel injector nozzle flows are highly turbulent and usually two-phase. Several experiments have shown the presence of cavitation in the nozzles to be a dominating effect. Recent experimental work has revealed new qualitative details about the cavitation in fuel injector nozzles. The cavity tends to be smooth near the inlet, transitioning to a more ruffled appearance downstream. These flows are also strongly asymmetric in realistic geometries. Additionally, photographs have shown string cavitation inside the sac volume extending into the nozzles. The strings appear to be a form of stratified two-phase flow, like the cavities near the inlet corner. Like the cavities, the strings break down into bubbly flow near the exit of the nozzle. F...

197 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Apr 1988-Nature
TL;DR: In this paper, a sedimentological core and petrographic characterisation of samples from eleven boreholes from the Lower Carboniferous of Bowland Basin (Northwest England) is presented.
Abstract: Deposits of clastic carbonate-dominated (calciclastic) sedimentary slope systems in the rock record have been identified mostly as linearly-consistent carbonate apron deposits, even though most ancient clastic carbonate slope deposits fit the submarine fan systems better. Calciclastic submarine fans are consequently rarely described and are poorly understood. Subsequently, very little is known especially in mud-dominated calciclastic submarine fan systems. Presented in this study are a sedimentological core and petrographic characterisation of samples from eleven boreholes from the Lower Carboniferous of Bowland Basin (Northwest England) that reveals a >250 m thick calciturbidite complex deposited in a calciclastic submarine fan setting. Seven facies are recognised from core and thin section characterisation and are grouped into three carbonate turbidite sequences. They include: 1) Calciturbidites, comprising mostly of highto low-density, wavy-laminated bioclast-rich facies; 2) low-density densite mudstones which are characterised by planar laminated and unlaminated muddominated facies; and 3) Calcidebrites which are muddy or hyper-concentrated debrisflow deposits occurring as poorly-sorted, chaotic, mud-supported floatstones. These

9,929 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A broad review of the state-of-the-art biomass pyrolysis research can be found in this article, where three major components (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) are discussed in detail.

1,613 citations

Book
01 Dec 1988
TL;DR: In this paper, the basic processes in Atomization are discussed, and the drop size distributions of sprays are discussed.Preface 1.General Considerations 2.Basic Processes of Atomization 3.Drop Size Distributions of Sprays 4.Atomizers 5.Flow in Atomizers 6.AtOMizer Performance 7.External Spray Charcteristics 8.Drop Evaporation 9.Drop Sizing Methods Index
Abstract: Preface 1.General Considerations 2.Basic Processes in Atomization 3.Drop Size Distributions of Sprays 4.Atomizers 5.Flow in Atomizers 6.Atomizer Performance 7.External Spray Charcteristics 8.Drop Evaporation 9.Drop Sizing Methods Index

1,214 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The method is shown to recover exact equilibrium (to machine accuracy) between surface-tension and pressure gradient in the case of a stationary droplet, irrespective of viscosity and spatial resolution.

1,114 citations