De-Graft Johnson Dei
Bio: De-Graft Johnson Dei is an academic researcher from University of Ghana. The author has contributed to research in topics: Nonprobability sampling & Competitive advantage. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 4 publications receiving 7 citations.
••01 Jan 2020
TL;DR: In this article, the authors assess how universities are using Communities of Practice (CoP) as a tool to manage and safeguard knowledge for competitive advantage in universities. But, despite the high level of understanding and appreciation for knowledge management practices and the existence of both formal and informal forums for managing and safeguarding knowledge at the universities, the role and impact of CoP in KM at universities were insignificant.
Abstract: One of the major strategies for managing knowledge for competitive advantage in universities is through Communities of Practice (CoPs). This study sought to assess how universities are using CoPs as a tool to manage and safeguard knowledge for competitive advantage. The study adopted the survey and mixed method research approach to collect data from selected universities in Ghana. The study established that despite the high level of understanding and appreciation for knowledge management practices and the existence of both formal and informal forums for managing and safeguarding knowledge at the universities, the role and impact of CoPs in KM at the universities were insignificant. This was due to the low level of understanding of the concept of CoPs, non-belonging to a CoP and lack of tools and systems to support CoPs at the universities. The study finally proposed a framework for CoPs in universities. According to the proposed framework, the successful deployment of CoPs in universities depends on identifying and linking the knowledge (tacit and explicit) and CoPs to the universities.
••06 May 2021
TL;DR: This paper investigated the role of marketing mix on students' enrolment in English-IHLs in Ghana and established a correlation between the various marketing mix elements and student enrollment in the IHLs.
Abstract: espanolLas instituciones de educacion superior (IHL) se enfrentan a una presion competitiva cada vez mayor de los nuevos y existentes participantes en el mercado mundial de la educacion superior. Para agravar el problema, muchos de estos IHLen todo el mundo han experimentado un lento crecimiento en las matriculacionesen los ultimos anos y, por lo tanto, estan luchando por mantenerse en el negocio. Este estudio investigo el papel del marketing mix en la matriculacion de estudiantes en lasIHLen Ghana. Se utilizo el enfoque de investigacion por encuestas. Esto permitio a los investigadores acceder a datos cuantitativos o numericos de descripciones de tendencias, opiniones de la muestra mediante el uso de cuestionarios para la recoleccion de datos. Los elementos de marketing mix (7P): producto (programas / cursos); precio (tarifas / cargos); lugar (ubicacion / entorno); promocion (publicidad); proceso (admisiones / procedimientos); evidencia fisica (instalaciones / infraestructura); y personas (personal / facultad),sirvieron como variables para el estudio. El estudio establecio una correlacion entre los diversos elementos del marketing mix y la matriculacion de estudiantes enlas IHL. EnglishInstitutions of Higher Learning (IHL) are facing increasing competitive pressure from existing and new entrants in the global higher education marketplace. To compound the problem, many of these IHLs around the world have experienced sluggish growth in applications in recent years and thus are struggling to stay in business. This study investigated the role of marketing mix on students’ enrolment in IHLs in Ghana. The survey research approach was used. This enabled the researchers to access quantitative or numerical data of descriptions of trends, opinions of the sample by using questionnaires for data collection. The marketing mix elements (7Ps: product (programs/courses); price (fees/charges); place (location/environment); promotion (advertisement); process (admissions/procedures); physical evidence (facilities/ infrastructure); and people (staff/faculty)) served as the variables for the study. The study established a correlation between the various marketing mix elements and student enrolment in the IHLs.
TL;DR: In this article , a systematic review was done to examine the various knowledge management strategies that are used by higher learning institutions considering the popularity of the concept coupled with the fact that it is taught widely across institutions of higher learning.
Abstract: Abstract Knowledge management is a popular concept among many disciplines in higher learning institutions. Notwithstanding, reviewed literature shows that, the concept is highly practiced by corporate entities as compared to institutions of higher learning. A systematic review was done to specifically examine the various knowledge management strategies that are used by higher learning institutions considering the popularity of the concept coupled with the fact that it is taught widely across institutions of higher learning. The review was done with over 40 publications of varied topics on knowledge management. These were retrieved from various academic search engines and databases. The study found that, there is inadequate literature on knowledge management strategies in higher learning institutions; however, codification and personalization were generally identified in most of the studies as the main strategies of knowledge management. Strategies like, communities of practice, knowledge partnering and knowledge harvesting were suggested by this study. Higher learning institutions are therefore encouraged to start practicing what they teach by conducting more empirical studies on the concept.
TL;DR: In this article , the authors explored the role of academic libraries in the achievement of quality education as a sustainable development goal and developed a framework to guide librarians and academic libraries.
Abstract: PurposeThis study explored the role of academic libraries in the achievement of quality education as a Sustainable Development Goal.Design/methodology/approachThe study adopted a qualitative research approach and descriptive case study design. This study focuses on academic libraries from four universities in Ghana. From each university, the researchers purposely selected four respondents, comprising the heads of the libraries, deputies, and two assistant librarians or library assistants. Primary data were collected through semi-structured interviews, observations and document reviews. The results were analyzed and presented in descriptive and interpretive forms.FindingsThe study established that the majority of the library staff were aware of the sustainable development goal, SDG 4. The libraries provided relevant materials to support students’ learning, organize training on information literacy and engage library patrons in periodic information literacy programs to create awareness of the SDG 4. Since the libraries do not have their own internally developed policies on the SDG 4, they depend on the general United Nations (UN) document on the SDG and SDG 4 as a guide in information delivery; and the general policies on information delivery, teaching and quality assurance of the universities in general and the libraries in particular. The study concluded with a framework to guide the successful accomplishment of the SDG 4 in libraries.Research limitations/implicationsThe study focused on academic libraries in Ghana and adopted the purposive sampling technique which makes it assume a weak power of generalization.Practical implicationsThe study has implications for academic libraries and librarians in Ghana in achieving the SDG 4. It will guide librarians and academic libraries in formulating policies to guide them in their activities. The framework developed as a result of the findings will equally guide the librarians in their quest to provide information to achieve the SDG 4.Originality/valueThis study's originality lies in its articulation of academic libraries' initiatives in the actualization of the SDG 4 in Ghana with a developed framework to guide librarians and academic libraries. Academic libraries and librarians who are eager to contribute their quota to the achievement of the SDG 4 will find this study useful.
••31 Dec 2019
TL;DR: In this article, an integrated knowledge management (KM) framework is proposed to guide the successful implementation of KM practices in organizations. But, the framework is limited to the use of knowledge as an organizational asset.
Abstract: In this knowledge-based economy, the core competence that determines the success of every organisation is knowledge. This calls for organisations to develop and implement systems, strategies and framework to facilitate the effective management of knowledge as an organisational asset. This study sought to assess literature and frameworks of knowledge management (KM) and to develop a framework for KM implementation in organisations. This study reviewed literature on knowledge, KM processes, KM enablers, and KM frameworks to determine and propose a set of guidelines for implementing KM practices in organisations. Arising from the review, the researcher proposed an integrated KM framework that could be used by academics (researchers) and KM practitioners to implement and facilitate KM practices in organisations. The framework identifies the key elements of developing and facilitating KM practices: knowledge (tacit and explicit), KM processes (creation, retention, sharing and utilisation), and KM enablers (technology, leadership, culture and strategy). From organisations’ perspectives, for a successful implementation of KM practices, the focus should be on identifying and linking the knowledge types with the KM processes and the KM enablers. This forms the basis for the proposed framework to guide the successful implementation of KM practices in organisations. By utilising these guidelines to develop an integrated KM implementation framework, it is hoped that a stronger theoretical foundation can be constructed, thus facilitating the accomplishment of KM.
TL;DR: In this article, a case study has been developed in Lima, associated to two universities with 271 teachers and 5928 students; with this model could be used for knowledge management assessment in all university in Peru.
Abstract: Knowledge management evaluation is an important and complex problem in Peruvian universities. An efficient policy in knowledge management is a critical success factor and will also advance teaching and research. Likewise, innovation is a key resource for the well-being of national economies and international competitive advantage, especially with COVID-19 9 restrictions. This research article has demonstrated that an assessment of knowledge management (KM) capability in two private universities could be used for an efficient policy, in order to obtain the best result in knowledge management maturity. Having discussed how to construct a model for KM, the final section of this paper addresses ways of the incorporation of this technology in the society. The case study has been developed in Lima, associated to two universities with 271 teachers and 5928 students; with this model could be used for KM assessment in all university in Peru. This study uses the “Intellectus Model, Mejia model organizational knowledge capability areas and Knowledge Management Capability Assessment (KMCA) model for the assessment, before and during COVID-19. Our findings have demonstrated the university performance and challenges associated to knowledge management during COVID-19, the new policy for virtual instructions and digital transformation of the educational process have improved the cost efficiencies. However, this system also has a number of serious drawbacks and challenges in innovation, researching, connections with industry and academy; this 2021 requires a new perspective in innovation with a knowledge management scheme in Peruvian universities.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of Tacit Knowledge (TK) on organizational performance in selected universities in Kenya has been evaluated using semi-structured questionnaires to academic deans; directors of research, innovation, and ICT; and heads of library services.
Abstract: Tacit knowledge (TK) is non-codified and personal (sticky) knowledge that is difficult to transfer. TK cannot be said to be significant if there is a lack of tangible contributions. Universities can only realize such returns when there is growth in terms of (financial base, products, processes, customer base, employees’ loyalty) financial and non-financial indicators. The main objective of the research was to evaluate the effect of TK on organizational performance in selected universities in Kenya. The study adopted a mixed research approach as informed by pragmatism research paradigm. Data was collected from a study population of 65 respondents from four study sites which were Kibabii University, University of Nairobi, KCA University, and the University of Eastern Africa, Baraton. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to academic deans; directors of research, innovation, and ICT; and heads of library services as well as planning and administration. Qualitative data was analyzed through conversation analysis, content analysis, and R which is a computer-assisted data analysis software. Chi-square tests, as well as multinomial logistic regression, were used for the quantitative data analysis. The findings of this study indicate that universities value TK as a key asset for organizational performance. The study identified TK as an asset that has helped institutions to grow in terms of work processes, decision making, and the creation of new products and/or services.
TL;DR: Evidence of tacit knowledge sharing, the growth of IC and the operationalization of collaboration to promote innovation are found and the application of KM for strategic planning and aligning IC and business assets is illustrated.
Abstract: This paper describes how knowledge management in planning can support the sustainability of innovation in a hybrid, joint-use facility. The case study researches ImaginOn, a 15 year-old children’s library and theater for young people in Charlotte, NC. This research used KM model analysis of qualitative data about tacit-explicit knowledge, intellectual capital, and cognitive modes of collaboration. Both historic documents and primary data (from field study observations, interviews, and a questionnaire) were analyzed for informal KM practices. Semi-structured and unstructured interview questions about innovation were used. This study found evidence of tacit knowledge sharing, the growth of intellectual capital, and the operationalization of collaboration to promote innovation. Although traditional KM terms were not used by staff, an integrated model framework demonstrates how KM practices promote innovation in planning joint-use facilities. Although a study of a diverse cultural collaboration rather than two libraries, the KM practices that supported innovation and collaboration in this hybrid, joint-use facility might be applied to libraries. Future KM model research on joint-use organizations could investigate merged businesses, government programs, and non-profits. Research on joint-use libraries began in the 1960s. This case study provides unique model analysis of KM practices in a hybrid, joint-use facility (a library and theater). The innovative success and sustainability of ImaginOn illustrates the application of KM for strategic planning and aligning intellectual capital and business assets.DOI (10.1108/JKM-08-2020-0634) Emerald allows authors to deposit their AAM under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial International Licence 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0). To do this, the deposit must clearly state that the AAM is deposited under this licence and that any reuse is allowed in accordance with the terms outlined by the licence. To reuse the AAM for commercial purposes, permission should be sought by contacting email@example.com.For the sake of clarity, commercial usage would be considered as, but not limited to:Copying or downloading AAMs for further distribution for a fee; Any use of the AAM in conjunction with advertising; Any use of the AAM by for promotional purposes by for-profit organisations; Any use that would confer monetary reward, commercial gain or commercial exploitation.Emerald appreciates that some authors may not wish to use the CC BY-NC licence; in this case, you should deposit the AAM and include the copyright line of the published article. Should you have any questions about our licensing policies, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
01 Jan 2018
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examine national branding of UK higher education with the aim to attract prospective international students, using a Bourdieusian approach to understand promises of capitals, and trace its development between 1999 and 2014 through a sociological study, one of the first of its kind, from the 'Education UK' and subsumed under the broader 'Britain is GREAT' campaign of the Coalition Government.
Abstract: This article examines national branding of UK higher education, a strategic intent and action to collectively brand UK higher education with the aim to attract prospective international students, using a Bourdieusian approach to understanding promises of capitals. We trace its development between 1999 and 2014 through a sociological study, one of the first of its kind, from the ‘Education UK’ and subsumed under the broader ‘Britain is GREAT’ campaign of the Coalition Government. The findings reveal how a national higher education brand is construed by connecting particular representations of the nation with those of prospective international students and the higher education sector, which combine in the brand with promises of capitals to convert into positional advantage in a competitive environment. The conceptual framework proposed here seeks to connect national higher education branding to the concept of the competitive state, branded as a nation and committed to the knowledge economy.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors attempted to delve into the teungku identity development within the traditional dayah institutions in Aceh to examine how four teunguku negotiated their participation and membership in these institutions.
Abstract: This study attempted to delve into the teungku identity development within the traditional dayah institutions in Aceh to examine how four teungku negotiated their participation and membership in th...