Author

# Dietrich Marcuse

Other affiliations: AT&T, Alcatel-Lucent, Agere Systems

Bio: Dietrich Marcuse is an academic researcher from Bell Labs. The author has contributed to research in topics: Optical fiber & Graded-index fiber. The author has an hindex of 40, co-authored 159 publications receiving 6110 citations. Previous affiliations of Dietrich Marcuse include AT&T & Alcatel-Lucent.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the curvature loss for optical fibers with constant radius of curvature of their axes is derived by expressing the field outside of the fiber in terms of a superposition of cylindrical outgoing waves.

Abstract: The loss formula for optical fibers with constant radius of curvature of their axes is derived by expressing the field outside of the fiber in terms of a superposition of cylindrical outgoing waves. The expansion coefficients are determined by matching the superposition field to the field of the fiber along a cylindrical surface that is tangential to the outer perimeter of the curved fiber. This method is a direct extension of my derivation of the curvature-loss formula for slab guides.

620 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, a direct numerical integration of the wave equation is used to establish the validity of approximating the fundamental mode of graded-index fibers by a Gaussian function, and the fundamental modes of fibers, whose index profile can be expressed as a power law, are indeed very nearly Gaussian in shape.

Abstract: Direct numerical integration of the wave equation is used to establish the validity of approximating the fundamental mode of graded-index fibers by a Gaussian function. We show that the fundamental modes of fibers, whose index profile can be expressed as a power law, are indeed very nearly Gaussian in shape (that is probably also true for graded-index fibers with convex profiles other than a power law). Graphs and empirical analytical expressions are presented for the optimum Gaussian beam width parameter and for the propagation constant of the fundamental mode.

445 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: A theory is presented of the propagation of Gaussian pulses in single-mode optical fibers by expanding the propagation constant in a Taylor series that includes the third derivative with respect to frequency.

Abstract: A theory is presented of the propagation of Gaussian pulses in single-mode optical fibers by expanding the propagation constant in a Taylor series that includes the third derivative with respect to frequency. The light source is assumed to have a Gaussian spectral distribution whose width relative to the width of the Gaussian signal pulse is arbitrary. Formulas are derived for the spectrum of the ensemble average of the optical pulse, from which the shape of the average pulse itself is obtained by the fast Fourier transform. Also derived is an expression for the rms pulse width. The theory is applicable at all wavelengths including the vicinity of the zero first-order dispersion point.

284 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, a theoretical evaluation of curvature losses of a step-index fiber with a bent axis incorporating the influence of field deformation on the loss coefficient is presented, and the limitations of the simple loss formula in case of a sharply bent overmoded waveguide are pointed out.

Abstract: Curvature loss formulas of optical fibers usually ignore the effect of field deformation caused by the curved axis of the fiber. Contrary to naive intuition, this field deformation may substantially decrease the radiation losses of modes with low mode number. Losses of modes with high mode numbers are, however, increased. We present a theoretical evaluation of curvature losses of the modes of a step-index fiber with a bent axis incorporating the influence of field deformation on the loss coefficient. The limitations of the simple loss formula in case of a sharply bent overmoded waveguide are pointed out.

270 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: For typical fibers the leakage loss of the HE(11) mode begins to increase significantly when the radius of curvature of the fiber axis reaches the 1-10-cm range.

Abstract: The loss increase of the HE(11) mode of a doubly clad (depressed-index) fiber due to constant curvature is considered. The calculations presented in this paper are based on a simplified theory. We find that for typical fibers the leakage loss of the HE(11) mode begins to increase significantly when the radius of curvature of the fiber axis reaches the 1-10-cm range.

234 citations

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TL;DR: The viability of using the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light to create orthogonal, spatially distinct streams of data-transmitting channels that are multiplexed in a single fiber is demonstrated and suggest that OAM could provide an additional degree of freedom for data multiplexing in future fiber networks.

Abstract: Internet data traffic capacity is rapidly reaching limits imposed by optical fiber nonlinear effects Having almost exhausted available degrees of freedom to orthogonally multiplex data, the possibility is now being explored of using spatial modes of fibers to enhance data capacity We demonstrate the viability of using the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light to create orthogonal, spatially distinct streams of data-transmitting channels that are multiplexed in a single fiber Over 11 kilometers of a specially designed optical fiber that minimizes mode coupling, we achieved 400-gigabits-per-second data transmission using four angular momentum modes at a single wavelength, and 16 terabits per second using two OAM modes over 10 wavelengths These demonstrations suggest that OAM could provide an additional degree of freedom for data multiplexing in future fiber networks

2,343 citations

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01 Jan 2005

TL;DR: In this article, the authors outline the key principles and parameters which describe and define the operation of optical waveguides and fibres, including dispersion and non linear effects, and provide the foundation for understanding the detailed operation of a wide variety of optical components.

Abstract: In this chapter, after presenting a brief review of the various types of optical waveguides, we outline the key principles and parameters which describe and define the operation of optical waveguides and fibres The ways in which propagation through optical fibres affects the properties of the guided waves are discussed, including dispersion and non linear effects Power transfer between propagating waves is essential to the operation of a number of components and the fundamentals of coupling theory are reviewed In summary, the theory given provides the foundation for understanding the detailed operation of a wide variety of optical components and systems based on optical fibre technology

1,867 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: It is shown that pairs of prisms can have negative group-velocity dispersion in the absence of any negative material dispersion.

Abstract: We show that pairs of prisms can have negative group-velocity dispersion in the absence of any negative material dispersion. A prism arrangement is described that limits losses to Brewster-surface reflections, avoids transverse displacement of the temporally dispersed rays, permits continuous adjustment of the dispersion through zero, and yields a transmitted beam collinear with the incident beam.

987 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors give a brief historic perspective of the coupled mode theory and the development and applications of the theory in microwaves in early years and in optoelectronics and fiber optics in recent years.

Abstract: The authors give a brief historic perspective of the coupled mode theory. The development and applications of the theory in microwaves in early years and in optoelectronics and fiber optics in recent years are described. They then consider lossless coupling of two modes in time. Two coupled resonance circuits, or two coupled microwave or optical resonators, are the physical examples. The start-up of a parametric oscillator is another example. Then they look at the formal derivation of coupled mode theory and consider the more general case when the modes are not energy-orthogonal and the energies are not necessarily positive. A more detailed account of the nonorthogonal coupled mode theory developed in the last five years for optical waveguides is given. >

853 citations

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13 Apr 1982TL;DR: The current state of the art of optical fiber sensors is reviewed, the principles of operation are detailed and the various types of fiber sensors are outlined.

Abstract: The current state of the art of optical fiber sensors is reviewed. The principles of operation are detailed and the various types of fiber sensors are outlined. Achievable performance and limitations are discussed and a description of technology used to fabricate the sensor is presented. The characteristics of acoustic, magnetic, gyro, laser diode, and other sensors are described. Trends in the development of this sensor technology and expected application areas are briefly outlined.

817 citations