22 Nov 2017
TL;DR: The boat: Word & Image & Refugees is a presentation about a creative writing, illustration and multimedia project as mentioned in this paper, which is an Arts Council funded project that designed to challenge the perceptions of immigration via an illustrated children's story book.
Abstract: This documents a one-day symposium on human displacement and the stories that result, with emphasis on the roles that illustration and visual arts can play in their communication, dissemination and reception. Presentations were given on visual storytelling, refugee experiences and the unofficial, unrecorded and remembered narratives of war and displacement. Held on: Wednesday 22 November 2017, at the Main Gallery, Museum in the Park, Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK. Chaired/led by Dolores Phelps, MPhil/PhD Researcher, Illustration. The presented work covered : - Picture books, especially those that widely employ devices such as allegory and fable, anthropomorphism, symbolism, magic realism, and simplification can be used to aid understanding, and it has been widely stated, (especially by an expert in this area, the author - illustrator Shaun Tan), that as these books are not necessarily aimed at children, they can be used across ages and cultures to help transmit and disseminate common experiences and emotions. Andrew Melrose, Professor of Writing for Children, University of Winchester will present his project The Immigration Boat Story, an Arts Council funded project that designed to challenge the perceptions of immigration via an illustrated children’s story book. - Visual journalism, such as that of Olivier Kugler and Fumio Obata, re-presents facts and situations in a way that meld form and content seamlessly to produce a highly accessible and effective, yet aesthetically rich and pleasing, form of communication. New and unfamiliar audiences may be accessed, with an attendant rise in awareness ans empathy with the issues covered. - Graphic novels, - a category that defies categorization, and which includes the whole gamut of ‘comic books’, ‘comix’, ‘commix’, superhero and fantasy genres, manga, Two examples are exceptional: Art Spiegelman’s Maus (1980-91) and Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis.(2000) Presentations by : Olivier Kugler Visual reportage – Refugees in Europe Olivier studied MA illustration at the School of Visual Arts in New York. Since then he has been working as an illustrator based in London for clients all over the world. Olivier creates intricate drawings which combine reportage with illustrated scenes of the lives and living conditions of refugees and migrants. Over the past few years, he has been interviewing refugees and others affected by the current crisis, drawing their pictures and telling their stories. He will show and discuss his latest work which is about to be published as a book in Germany. Andrew Melrose, University of Winchester The Boat: Word & Image & Refugees is a presentation about a creative writing, illustration and multimedia project – The story of the project begins with an early refugee story when his mother put Moses in a basket on the Nile and it leads into a boat sinking off Lampedusa. The theme being the highlighting of the plight and the problem of refugees who take to boats in search of a better life for a specific child-centred audience. What this presentation will do is elaborate on the visual, critical and creative rationale while demonstrating how such a project is developed and delivered for a very specific child-centred audience. It will demonstrate not just the role of the writers and the technologists but the way a story can be constructed for an audience whose verbal and visual literacy is limited by their experience. And it will emphasise that the people we call children are temporarily the inexperienced branch of the human family and thus writers and artists ought to have this as a consideration in the development of child-centred culture - which I will explain through a visual demonstration. Adelaide Morris, University of Winchester Remember this man? : freeing an object from its history This presentation demonstrates how applying a range of theories to an image can inform creative practice, allowing multiple layers of meaning in a creative work: a hybrid post-memoir. At its core, the work is about two settled members of the post-World War Two generation of migrants; people forced to cross countries, cultural boundaries, and identities. Their stories have in common something long in existence and ongoing: flight from peril and the inter-generational challenges of discussing the catastrophes of the past, present and future. To understand the historically constructed schemata that these individuals carried, and which directly influenced their decisions and, ultimately, their sense of being, I will discuss the potential of a dialectical image - a photograph, which stands in for dialectic in standstill - using the notion of textual intervention as a method of breaking into a range of creative opportunities. Dolores Phelps, University of Gloucestershire My Name Is Aurelia ‘My MPhil/PhD illustration research project is a visual response to a memoir left to me by my late mother, who was one of the 4,000 children evacuated from Bilbao by the ship Habana to Southampton in May 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. An interpretation of my mother’s direct recollections of living in Bilbao - air raids, starvation, the terrible voyage and starting life in the UK, where she spent the rest of her life - with extensive research into the collective experiences and memoirs of other Basque refugee children, has resulted –so far- in a daily graphic visualization, sentence by sentence. By taking the bare words and directly translating them into images using a range of mark-making tools, I hope to connect her memories and especially her emotions with colours and shapes in a kinaesthetic and phenomenological way – affect to effect.’ Fumio Obata, University of Gloucestershire Fukushima Project Fumio is a graphic novelist and illustrator. Just So Happens, his first book, was published by Jonathan Cape in 2014 and has been translated into several languages. His comics-form reportages of the aftermath of the 2011’s tsunami disaster & the subsequent nuclear accident in Fukushima have been featured in the Italian magazine Internazionale and he is now forming them into his second graphic novel. This is the latest & biggest project Fumio has ever undertaken and the research has taken him over 4 years.
01 May 2017
TL;DR: The authors studied the life histories of four British Pakistani Muslim teachers, both male and female, in their educational and social contexts and found that they perform multilingualism as an engaged plural form of social consciousness that helps them perform their identities in pluralising and synthesising ways, register their belonging in terms of forging and re-forging their cultural and cross-cultural connections, and manifest their politicisation over redistributive justice.
Abstract: From 9/11 to Cameron’s post multiculturalism (2011); British Asian Muslim identities and belonging have increasingly been questioned, stereotyped and vilified. Historically, their identities, agency and belonging formation have been seen in terms of passiveness and identity conflict, whereas, more recently their identities are coming to be seen in the frames of radicalism, fundamentalism, segregation, and disloyalty. In this research, I critically studied the life histories of four British Pakistani Muslim teachers, both male and female, in their educational and social contexts. Data were collected using four ethnographic ‘problem centred’ interviews for each participant. The study drew on normative ideas from misrecognition theory to build a critical argument about their identities, agency and belonging in Britain. My participants counter performed the naturalised cultural-political, and socio-historical discourses outlined above. Furthermore, I claim that my participants perform multicultural liberal conception of difference about their identities through four specific strategies; performance of interruptive and strategic existentialism; performance of resilience and adaptability; performance of hybridisation and creativity; and the performance of ‘strategic essentialism’. My thesis challenges the dominant Western thinking which mainly views religion in terms of belief. I argue that my participants perform religion as culture and practice. My understanding of the participants’ data is that religion is an identity orientation along with other identities which I reveal through my data analysis. My analysis leads me to a new perception to which I call the participants’ performance of ‘Multilingual social consciousness’. I argue that they perform multilingualism as an engaged plural form of social consciousness that helps them perform their identities in pluralising and synthesising ways, register their belonging in terms of forging and re-forging their cultural and cross-cultural connections, and manifest their politicisation over redistributive justice. I recommend that educators and policy actors should advance civic praxis that opens possibilities for communities and individuals to manifest their belonging in diverse ways.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore different ways in which public primary schools sustain democratic governance structures created beyond those mandated by law in Spain and observe the different ways that some schools apply other institutional paths to the current governing bodies by aiming at widening decision-making not only to legal representatives but to all agents.
Abstract: This article explores different ways in which public primary schools sustain democratic governance structures created beyond those mandated by law in Spain. These new institutional designs, while not opposed to policy text requirements of having a governing body with representatives of parents, teachers and public administration, are being carried out against the grain of the hegemonic neoliberal managerial approach. The objective was to observe the different ways that some schools apply other institutional paths to the current governing bodies by aiming at widening decision-making not only to legal representatives but to all agents. Data come from focus groups, in-depth interviews and observations carried out in four public schools during fieldwork lasting two academic years. The findings show that while some schools are broadening current legal governing bodies, others generate ad hoc bodies transforming legal ones into new institutional arrangements.
TL;DR: The War against War! as discussed by the authors is the first independent book composed only of photographs and captions, published by Ernst Friedrich, a young anarchist and anti-militarist activist.
Abstract: Germany 1925: Ernst Friedrich, a young anarchist and anti-militarist activist, publishes one of the first independent books composed only of photographs and captions: War against War! His stated go...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider whether Hannah Arendt's (1996) [Arendt, H. (1958/1998). Vita Activa. The Human Condition] concept of public space is a potentially useful and creative way of thinking about aspects of Muslim children's experiences within the context of education.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to consider whether Hannah Arendt’s (1996) [Arendt, H. (1958/1998). Vita Activa. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago] concept of ‘public space’ is a potentially useful and creative way of thinking about aspects of Muslim children’s experiences within the context of education. Following a terror attack in 2011, when 77 people were killed, the then Norwegian prime minister stated that ‘our answer to this violence is more openness and more democracy but not naivety’. Accordingly, this paper draws on data so as to put concepts drawn from Arendt to work. In so doing, we indicate possibilities for ‘more openness and more democracy’ where Norwegian children can have Islam as an important element within their lives in ways that avoid the charge of naivety.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examine the use of land art in the United Arab Emirates as a way to negotiate natural and cultural heritage discourses prevalent in the Arab Gulf, and argue that land art can reveal the ambiguities in artists' negotiation of the relation between nature and nation.