Other affiliations: Xi'an Jiaotong University, Sichuan University, Australian National University ...read more
Bio: Dong Wang is an academic researcher from Ocean University of China. The author has contributed to research in topics: Spudcan & Consolidation (soil). The author has an hindex of 27, co-authored 179 publications receiving 2476 citations. Previous affiliations of Dong Wang include Xi'an Jiaotong University & Sichuan University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the implicit remeshing and interpolation technique by small strain (RITSS), an efficient Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (EALE) implicit method and the Coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian (CEL) approach are investigated.
Abstract: Geotechnical applications often involve large displacements of structural elements, such as penetrometers or footings, in soil. Three numerical analysis approaches capable of accounting for large deformations are investigated here: the implicit remeshing and interpolation technique by small strain (RITSS), an efficient Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (EALE) implicit method and the Coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian (CEL) approach available as part of commercial software. The theoretical basis and implementation of the methods are discussed before their relative performance is evaluated through four benchmark cases covering static, dynamic and coupled problems in geotechnical engineering. Available established analytical and numerical results are also provided for comparison purpose. The advantages and limitation of the different approaches are highlighted. The RITSS and EALE predict comparable results in all cases, demonstrating the robustness of both in-house codes. Employing implicit integration scheme, RITSS and EALE have stable convergence although their computational efficiency may be low for high-speed problems. The CEL is commercially available, but user expertise on element size, critical step time and critical velocity for quasi-static analysis is required. Additionally, mesh-independency is not satisfactorily achieved in the CEL analysis for the dynamic case.
TL;DR: In this article, a modified recovery of equilibrium in patches technique was developed to map stresses after each remeshing, and the results showed that the anchor roughness had minimal effect on anchor performance.
Abstract: Three-dimensional large deformation finite-element (FE) analyses were performed to investigate plate anchor capacity during vertical pullout. The remeshing and interpolation technique with small strain approach was expanded from two-dimensional to three-dimensional conditions and coupled with the FE software, ABAQUS. A modified recovery of equilibrium in patches technique was developed to map stresses after each remeshing. Continuous pullout of rectangular plate anchors was simulated and the large deformation results for strip, circular, and rectangular anchors were compared with model test data, small strain FE results, and plastic limit solutions. Interface conditions of no breakaway (bonded) and immediate breakaway (no tension) were considered at the anchor base. The effects of anchor roughness, aspect ratio, soil properties, and soil overburden pressure were investigated. It was found that the anchor roughness had minimal effect on anchor performance. For square and circular deep anchors under immediate breakaway conditions, the maximum uplift capacity increased with soil elastic modulus, which suggests that lower bound limit analysis and small strain FE analysis may overestimate the capacity. The soil beneath the anchor base separates from the anchor at a certain embedment depth near the mudline, once tensile stresses were generated. The ratio of separation depth to anchor width was found to increase linearly with the ratio of soil undrained shear strength to the product of soil effective unit weight and anchor width and was independent of the initial anchor embedment depth.
TL;DR: A version of the Particle Finite Element Method applicable to geomechanics applications is presented and the capabilities of the scheme is demonstrated on a range of quasi-static and dynamic problems involving very large deformations.
Abstract: A version of the Particle Finite Element Method applicable to geomechanics applications is presented. A simple rigid-plastic material model is adopted and the governing equations are cast in terms of a variational principle which facilitates a straightforward solution via mathematical programming techniques. In addition, frictional contact between rigid and deformable solids is accounted for using an approach previously developed for discrete element simulations. The capabilities of the scheme is demonstrated on a range of quasi-static and dynamic problems involving very large deformations.
TL;DR: A dose-independent beneficial effect of TXA was observed, and confirmed in subgroup and sensitivity analyses, and the percentage of spinal surgery patients who required blood transfusion was significantly decreased.
Abstract: Background Tranexamic acid (TXA) is well-established as a versatile oral, intramuscular, and intravenous (IV) antifibrinolytic agent. However, the efficacy of IV TXA in reducing perioperative blood transfusion in spinal surgery is poorly documented. Methodology We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized (qi-RCTs) trials that included patients for various spinal surgeries, such as adolescent scoliosis surgery administered with perioperative IV TXA according to Cochrane Collaboration guidelines using electronic PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Embase databases. Additional journal articles and conference proceedings were manually located by two independent researchers. Results Totally, nine studies were included, with a total sample size of 581 patients. Mean blood loss was decreased in patients treated with perioperative IV TXA by 128.28 ml intraoperatively (ranging from 33.84 to 222.73 ml), 98.49 ml postoperatively (ranging from 83.22 to 113.77 ml), and 389.21 ml combined (ranging from 177.83 to 600.60 ml). The mean volume of transfused packed cells were reduced by 134.55 ml (ranging 51.64 to 217.46) (95% CI; P = 0.0001). Overall, the number of patients treated with TXA who required blood transfusions was lower by 35% than that of patients treated with the comparator and who required blood transfusions (RR 0.65; 95% CI; 0.53 to 0.85; P<0.0001, I2 = 0%). A dose-independent beneficial effect of TXA was observed, and confirmed in subgroup and sensitivity analyses. A total of seven studies reported DVT data. The study containing only a single DVT case was not combined. Conclusions The blood loss was reduced in spinal surgery patients with perioperative IV TXA treatment. Also the percentage of spinal surgery patients who required blood transfusion was significantly decreased. Further evaluation is required to confirm our findings before TXA can be safely used in patients undergoing spine surgery.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors assess the risk of failure of spudcan foundations on sand overlying clay by predicting the full penetration resistance profile, from touchdown and through punch-throug...
Abstract: Assessment of the risk of punch-through failure of spudcan foundations on sand overlying clay requires prediction of the full penetration resistance profile, from touchdown and through punch-throug...
University of Copenhagen1, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble2, University of Valladolid3, University of Naples Federico II4, Innsbruck Medical University5, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich6, Maastricht University7, University of Valencia8, Royal Lancaster Infirmary9, University of Salzburg10
TL;DR: These guidelines are intended to provide an overview of current knowledge on the subject with an assessment of the quality of the evidence in order to allow anaesthetists throughout Europe to integrate this knowledge into daily patient care wherever possible.
Abstract: The aims of severe perioperative bleeding management are three-fold. First, preoperative identification by anamesis and laboratory testing of those patients for whom the perioperative bleeding risk may be increased. Second, implementation of strategies for correcting preoperative anaemia and stabilisation of the macro- and microcirculations in order to optimise the patient’s tolerance to bleeding. Third, targeted procoagulant interventions to reduce the amount of bleeding, morbidity, mortality and costs. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide an overview of current knowledge on the subject with an assessment of the quality of the evidence in order to allow anaesthetists throughout Europe to integrate this knowledge into daily patient care wherever possible. The Guidelines Committee of the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) formed a task force with members of scientific subcommittees and individual expert members of the ESA. Electronic databases were searched without language restrictions from the year 2000 until 2012. These searches produced 20 664 abstracts. Relevant systematic reviews with meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials, cohort studies, case-control studies and cross-sectional surveys were selected. At the suggestion of the ESA Guideline Committee, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) grading system was initially used to assess the level of evidence and to grade recommendations. During the process of guideline development, the official position of the ESA changed to favour the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. This report includes general recommendations as well as specific recommendations in various fields of surgical interventions. The final draft guideline was posted on the ESA website for four weeks and the link was sent to all ESA members. Comments were collated and the guidelines amended as appropriate. When the final draft was complete, the Guidelines Committee and ESA Board ratified the guidelines.
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: Perhaps you have knowledge that, people have look hundreds of times for their chosen books like this likelihood based inference in cointegrated vector autoregressive models, but end up in harmful downloads.
Abstract: Thank you very much for downloading likelihood based inference in cointegrated vector autoregressive models. Maybe you have knowledge that, people have look hundreds times for their chosen books like this likelihood based inference in cointegrated vector autoregressive models, but end up in harmful downloads. Rather than reading a good book with a cup of coffee in the afternoon, instead they cope with some malicious bugs inside their desktop computer.
01 Jan 2009
TL;DR: In this article, a review outlines the current understanding of miRNA target recognition in animals and discusses the widespread impact of miRNAs on both the expression and evolution of protein-coding genes.
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous ∼23 nt RNAs that play important gene-regulatory roles in animals and plants by pairing to the mRNAs of protein-coding genes to direct their posttranscriptional repression. This review outlines the current understanding of miRNA target recognition in animals and discusses the widespread impact of miRNAs on both the expression and evolution of protein-coding genes.
TL;DR: This update includes revisions to existing recommendations with respect to the wording, or changes in the grade of recommendation, and also the addition of new recommendations.
Abstract: The management of perioperative bleeding involves multiple assessments and strategies to ensure appropriate patient care. Initially, it is important to identify those patients with an increased risk of perioperative bleeding. Next, strategies should be employed to correct preoperative anaemia and to
01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: Fusion,四个来自上海的大男孩 as discussed by the authors,2008年第一周,他们发行属于