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Eduardo A. Fabián Caparrós

Bio: Eduardo A. Fabián Caparrós is an academic researcher from University of Salamanca. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 10 publications receiving 46 citations.

Papers
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01 Jan 2010
TL;DR: In this paper, a.LO 5/2010 ha realizado ciertos cambios sobre la regulacion del blanqueo de capitales that pueden tener bastante trascendencia.
Abstract: LO 5/2010 ha realizado ciertos cambios sobre la regulacion del blanqueo de capitales que pueden tener bastante trascendencia Sin duda alguna, sobre su nueva redaccion han influido diversos compromisos internacionales, pero tambien creemos que puede haber causado efecto una jurisprudencia que, aunque poco uniforme, ha venido admitiendo paulatinamente la autonomia de este delito A nuestro juicio, estos cambios han favorecido la adaptacion de la Ley a la realidad que regula, a la propia fenomenologia del blanqueo de capitales Dedicaremos las proximas paginas al estudio de este «proceso de emancipacion»

3 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a new approach to the "intent to destroy" requirement in cases of participation in genocide, which is based on a combination of knowledge-and structure-based approaches.
Abstract: Genocide is a crime with a double mental element, i.e. a general intent as to the underlying acts, and an ulterior intent with regard to the ultimate aim of the destruction of the group. The prevailing view in the case-law interprets the respective ‘intent to destroy’ requirement as a special or specific intent (dolus specialis) stressing its volitional or purpose-based tendency. While this view has been followed for a long time in legal doctrine without further ado, it has recently been challenged by knowledge- and structure-based approaches, which have not received sufficient attention. A historical, literal, systematic and teleological interpretation of the ‘intent to destroy’ requirement, taking into account the particular structure of the genocide offence and the meaning of ‘intent’ in comparative law, reveals that the traditional view can no longer be maintained. It should be replaced by a combined structure- and knowledge-based approach that distinguishes according to the status and role of the (low-, mid- and top-level) perpetrators. Thus, the purpose-based intent should be upheld only with regard to the top- and mid-level perpetrators, whereas for the lowlevelperpetrators knowledge of the genocidal context should suffice. Lastly, this new approach requires a fresh look at the ‘intent to destroy’ requirement in cases of participation in genocide.

35 citations

01 Jan 2018
TL;DR: In this article, the aim of this work is to give rise to those objections that, constitutionally speaking, arouses the new regulation and may stain its validity and, what is worse, that claimed efficacy challenges the validity of principles and guarantees which are inalienable in the Rule of Law, and, lo que es mas grave, esa pretendida eficacia pone en tela de juicio the vigencia de principios and garantias que nos parecen irrenunciables en un Estado de Derecho.
Abstract: espanolEl decomiso ha experimentado una constante expansion que lo aleja de la figura inicialmente prevista. Dicha ampliacion obedece al convencimiento de que constituye un instrumento especialmente util para poner freno a ciertas formas de delincuencia. Sin negar esta aptitud, no puede dejar de denunciarse que en la transformacion operada tras la aprobacion de la Ley Organica 1/2015, de 30 de marzo, de modificacion del Codigo Penal y de la Ley 41/2015, de 5 de octubre, de modificacion de la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Criminal para la agilizacion de la justicia penal y el fortalecimiento de las garantias procesales, los argumentos utilitaristas han primado sobre otro tipo de consideraciones y, lo que es mas grave, esa pretendida eficacia pone en tela de juicio la vigencia de principios y garantias que nos parecen irrenunciables en un Estado de Derecho. Por ello, el principal objeto de este trabajo ha sido el de plantear las objeciones que, en sede constitucional, suscita la nueva regulacion y que pudieran empanar su validez. EnglishConfiscation has experienced a continuous expansion drifting it apart from the institution initially foreseen. This enlargement obeys to the convincement that we face up, without doubt, to an especially useful tool to put an end to certain manifestations of crime. Not denying this usefulness, we cannot no avoid condemning that this transformation, due to the passing of the Organic Law 1/2015, 30th march, modifying the Criminal Code, and the Law 41/2015, 5th October, modifying the Criminal Procedure Code for the facilitation of criminal justice and strengthening of procedural guaranties, the utilitarian arguments have been given preference to another considerations and, what is worse, that claimed efficacy challenges the validity of principles and guarantees which are – to us – inalienable in the Rule of Law. Thus, the aim of this work is to give rise to those objections that, constitutionally speaking, arouses the new regulation and may stain its validity.

25 citations

Dissertation
15 Nov 2019
TL;DR: The presente investigación se centra en el estudio de las resoluciones emanadas del Tribunal Supremo en la materia para tratar de aportar solucione a algunas de ellas as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: El denominador comun de la problematica que da lugar al presente trabajo no es otro que la aplicacion en sede judicial del tipo penal contenido en el articulo 301 de nuestro Codigo Penal. Las numerosas encrucijadas en las que el delito de blanqueo de capitales ha puesto a la doctrina y la jurisprudencia son conocidas por todos. Por ello la presente investigacion se centra en el estudio de las resoluciones emanadas del Tribunal Supremo en la materia para tratar de aportar soluciones a algunas de ellas. El objetivo principal consiste en el planteamiento de determinados parametros que permitan una interpretacion restrictiva y reduccionista de dicho tipo penal y que, en virtud del estudio conjunto de la doctrina y la casuistica, logren hacer del blanqueo de capitales un delito aplicable, util, necesario y acorde con las normas constitucionales y los principios generales que rigen el Derecho Penal en Espana. Para ello, y como venimos avanzando, tras el estudio detallado de la jurisprudencia de nuestro Tribunal Supremo en la materia, hemos extraido cinco aspectos especialmente problematicos que la literalidad del articulo 301 CP plantea en su aplicacion a casos concretos. El analisis de los hechos probados y como las teorias juridicas sobre el blanqueo se amoldan -no siempre con la misma flexibilidad- al supuesto, nos brinda una construccion del delito que no deja de plantear dudas y situaciones cuya solucion -como veremos- podria no ser la mas adecuada...

25 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine new technologies, typologies, FATF recommendations and the last Spanish penal reform on money laundering, and analyze the amendments made recently in the Spanish Criminal Code regarding money laundering.
Abstract: Purpose – This paper attempts to examine new technologies, typologies, FATF recommendations and the last Spanish penal reform on money laundering.Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the potential provided via internet and electronic transfers, prepaid cards and payment services with mobile phones for executing money laundering, and comments on the Spanish penal reform on this crime.Findings – The study finds that the new payment systems facilitate money launderers’ criminal activity. However, the development of technologies, including the internet, has unquestionable advantages involved, and even provides verification of identity or other duty of surveillance for the prevention of money laundering. Also, this paper analyzes the amendments made recently in the Spanish Criminal Code regarding money laundering.Originality/value – This paper would be beneficial to the legislature. Future development of measures for the prevention of money laundering should take into account all potential threats...

23 citations