Other affiliations: Concordia University
Bio: Enrico Borgarello is an academic researcher from École Polytechnique. The author has contributed to research in topics: Catalysis & Visible spectrum. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 11 publications receiving 878 citations. Previous affiliations of Enrico Borgarello include Concordia University.
TL;DR: In this article, a bifunctional redox catalyst composed of RuO2 and Pt co-supported on colloidal TiO2 particles is used for water decomposition by visible light illumination.
Abstract: A bifunctional redox catalyst, composed of Pt and RuO2 co-deposited on a colloidal TiO2 carrier, is a highly potent mediator for water decomposition by visible light1. The system contains apart from the sensitizer (Ru(bipy)2+3) an electron relay—methylviologen. The latter is reduced on light excitation, and the photoreaction is coupled with catalytic steps2 generating H2 and O2 from water. To rationalize the surprisingly high efficiency of this photoredox system, we proposed a mechanism involving species adsorbed at the TiO2 surface. This led us to explore sensitizers which through suitable functionalization show an enhanced affinity for adsorption at the particle–water interface. We describe here the performance of electron relay-free systems capable of efficiently decomposing water into H2 and O2 under visible light illumination. A bifunctional redox catalyst composed of RuO2 and Pt co-supported on colloidal TiO2 particles is used. The only other component present is a sensitizer. Amphiphilic surfactant derivatives of Ru(bipy)2+3 exhibit extremely high activity in promoting the water cleavage process. Adsorption of the sensitizer at the TiO2 particle–water interface and electron ejection into the TiO2 conduction band are evoked to explain the observations. Exposure to UV radiation leads to efficient water cleavage in the absence of sensitizer.
TL;DR: In this article, aqueous CdS dispersions loaded with Pt and RuO2 by visible light produces hydrogen and oxygen in stoichiometric proportion, and no degradation of the photocatalyst is noted after 60 h of irradiation time.
Abstract: Illumination of aqueous CdS dispersions loaded with Pt and RuO2 by visible light produces hydrogen and oxygen in stoichiometric proportion. No degradation of the photocatalyst is noted after 60 h of irradiation time. The RuO2 deposit on the particle surface greatly accelerates the transfer of holes from the semiconductor valence band to the aqueous solution thus inhibiting photocorrosion.
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of RuO2 is attributed to catalysis of hole transfer from the valence band of CdS to H2S or sulfide ion in solution.
Abstract: Illumination of US-dispersions by visible light in solutions containing H2S or sulfide ions leads to efficient generation of hydrogen and sulfur. Very small quantities of RuO2 deposited on the CdS-particles improve markedly the quantum yield of H2-formation for which the optimum value obtained so far is ϕ = 0.35 ± 0.1. The effect of RuO2 is attributed to catalysis of hole transfer from the valence band of CdS to H2S or sulfide in solution.
TL;DR: The performance of a new cofunctional redox catalyst which achieves astonishingly high quantum yields in the water splitting process is described in this article, where the new catalyst contains Pt and RuO/sub 2/codeposited on a common carrier.
Abstract: The performance of a new cofunctional redox catalyst which achieves astonishingly high quantum yields in the water splitting process is described. The new catalyst contains Pt and RuO/sub 2/ codeposited on a common carrier, i.e., colloidal TiO/sub 2/.
TL;DR: This poster presents a poster presenting a probabilistic procedure to characterize the response of the immune system to laser-spot assisted, 3D image analysis of central nervous system injury.
Abstract: Reference LPI-ARTICLE-1981-002doi:10.1002/hlca.19810640626View record in Web of Science Record created on 2006-02-21, modified on 2017-05-12
TL;DR: It is shown that an abundant material, polymeric carbon nitride, can produce hydrogen from water under visible-light irradiation in the presence of a sacrificial donor.
Abstract: The production of hydrogen from water using a catalyst and solar energy is an ideal future energy source, independent of fossil reserves. For an economical use of water and solar energy, catalysts that are sufficiently efficient, stable, inexpensive and capable of harvesting light are required. Here, we show that an abundant material, polymeric carbon nitride, can produce hydrogen from water under visible-light irradiation in the presence of a sacrificial donor. Contrary to other conducting polymer semiconductors, carbon nitride is chemically and thermally stable and does not rely on complicated device manufacturing. The results represent an important first step towards photosynthesis in general where artificial conjugated polymer semiconductors can be used as energy transducers.
TL;DR: Approaches to Modifying the Electronic Band Structure for Visible-Light Harvesting and its Applications d0 Metal Oxide Photocatalysts 6518 4.4.1.
Abstract: 2.3. Evaluation of Photocatalytic Water Splitting 6507 2.3.1. Photocatalytic Activity 6507 2.3.2. Photocatalytic Stability 6507 3. UV-Active Photocatalysts for Water Splitting 6507 3.1. d0 Metal Oxide Photocatalyts 6507 3.1.1. Ti-, Zr-Based Oxides 6507 3.1.2. Nb-, Ta-Based Oxides 6514 3.1.3. W-, Mo-Based Oxides 6517 3.1.4. Other d0 Metal Oxides 6518 3.2. d10 Metal Oxide Photocatalyts 6518 3.3. f0 Metal Oxide Photocatalysts 6518 3.4. Nonoxide Photocatalysts 6518 4. Approaches to Modifying the Electronic Band Structure for Visible-Light Harvesting 6519
TL;DR: In this paper, the preparation of a colloidal colloidal by un procede sol gel is described, and a procedure for determination des proprietes electriques et electrochimiques is described.
Abstract: Etude de la preparation d'un gel colloidal par un procede sol gel Determination des proprietes electriques et electrochimiques
TL;DR: This review for the first time summarizes all the developed earth-abundant cocatalysts for photocatalytic H2- and O2-production half reactions as well as overall water splitting.
Abstract: Photocatalytic water splitting represents a promising strategy for clean, low-cost, and environmental-friendly production of H2 by utilizing solar energy. There are three crucial steps for the photocatalytic water splitting reaction: solar light harvesting, charge separation and transportation, and the catalytic H2 and O2 evolution reactions. While significant achievement has been made in optimizing the first two steps in the photocatalytic process, much less efforts have been put into improving the efficiency of the third step, which demands the utilization of cocatalysts. To date, cocatalysts based on rare and expensive noble metals are still required for achieving reasonable activity in most semiconductor-based photocatalytic systems, which seriously restricts their large-scale application. Therefore, seeking cheap, earth-abundant and high-performance cocatalysts is indispensable to achieve cost-effective and highly efficient photocatalytic water splitting. This review for the first time summarizes all the developed earth-abundant cocatalysts for photocatalytic H2- and O2-production half reactions as well as overall water splitting. The roles and functional mechanism of the cocatalysts are discussed in detail. Finally, this review is concluded with a summary, and remarks on some challenges and perspectives in this emerging area of research.
TL;DR: Generations Yi Ma,† Xiuli Wang,† Yushuai Jia,† Xiaobo Chen,‡ Hongxian Han,*,† and Can Li*,†
Abstract: Generations Yi Ma,† Xiuli Wang,† Yushuai Jia,† Xiaobo Chen,‡ Hongxian Han,*,† and Can Li*,† †State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Dalian National Laboratory for Clean Energy, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023, China ‡Department of Chemistry, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 5100 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, United States