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Erica Heinsen-Roach

Bio: Erica Heinsen-Roach is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: State (computer science) & Diplomacy. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 30 citations.

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21 Nov 2012
TL;DR: Lindemann et al. as mentioned in this paper examined Dutch-North African relations in the seventeenth century and raised new questions about the origins and the development of early modern diplomacy and invited us to rethink the position of European states in global power relations.
Abstract: of a dissertation at the University of Miami. Dissertation supervised by Professor Mary Lindemann. No. of pages in text. (418) In the seventeenth-century western Mediterranean, the conflict between the Dutch Republic and North African principalities over the issues of corsairing and the capture of Christians created a type of diplomacy that significantly deviates from our traditional understanding of how early modern diplomacy evolved, namely as an exchange of resident ambassadors between European states. As a study in the New Diplomatic History, this dissertation emphasizes the significance of cultural practices and political interests between Europe and other parts of the world. Over the course of the seventeenth century, North African society greatly influenced the rhythms and patterns of the evolving diplomatic relations, practices, and policies in the western Mediterranean in four particular ways. First, Europe and the Maghreb employed a mixed group of negotiators to conduct their affairs and did not exchange resident ambassadors as sovereigns in Europe usually did. Dutch consuls, whose role as merchant-consuls transformed into that of staterepresentatives, became the pre-eminent diplomats conducting the Republic’s affairs in North Africa. Second, Dutch and North African negotiators sought to combine commercial and political interests rather than follow the grand political agendas that governments in Europe often developed and pursued. Third, because the Dutch and North Africans did not exchange plenipotentiary resident ambassadors, Dutch consuls stationed in the Maghreb were forced to adjust to North African customary practices, especially those of ransoming captives and lavish gift-giving. Finally, these adjustments to North African negotiating practices, especially the giving of gifts that eventually became a form of paying tribute, demonstrate how early modern diplomacy in the western Mediterranean did not evolve in a linear manner. Thus, by examining Dutch-North African relations in the seventeenth century, this study raises new questions about the origins and the development of early modern diplomacy and invites us to rethink the position of European states in global power relations.

30 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , a model of state agents extending civil society beyond the state boundaries is presented to explain the formation of early modern European states, and it offers an inspiring and original model.
Abstract: of state agents extending civil society beyond the state ’ s territorial boundaries. It offers an inspiring and original model to explain the formation of other early modern European states.

Cited by
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TL;DR: The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 White, Richard as discussed by the authors, reviewed the Middle Ground in the book.
Abstract: Review of: The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 White, Richard

188 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Offen has provided a springboard to a future in which "partnership and mutual respect" will become the norm as mentioned in this paper. But the history of this struggle has repeatedly been forgotten as the backlash that each reform effort called torth wiped out the memory of that effort's achievements.
Abstract: recognition of her achievement in this book. The history ol’ this struggle, she muses in the kist chapter, has repeatedly been forgotten as thc backlash that each reform effort called torth wiped out the memory of that effort’s achievements. But a continuing record of the cmpnign can bc the springboard to a future in which “partnership and mutual respect” hecome the norm. Karen Offen has provided just such a springboard in this book.

53 citations