Bio: Esther Vila is an academic researcher from University of Vigo. The author has contributed to research in topics: Hydrogen bond & Charge density. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 43 citations.
TL;DR: In this article, Bader's atoms in molecules topological theory were employed to analyse the B3LYP/6-311++G(3d2f,3p2d) electron distributions of several adducts that contain LiF.
Abstract: Bader’s atoms in molecules topological theory was employed to analyse the B3LYP/6-311++G(3d2f,3p2d) electron distributions of several adducts that contain LiF. The results indicate significant differences between lithium bonding (LB) and hydrogen bonding (HB): (i) in spite of their larger stability, the charge density at the intermolecular critical points of LB complexes is about half of its value in the corresponding HB complexes, suggesting a dominant role of electrostatic interactions in the former; (ii) the Li atom in LB compounds is more shared between the base atom and the attached fluorine than hydrogen in HB complexes; and (iii) the Li atom gains electron charge from the hydrogens in all the complexes here studied, undergoing energetic stabilisation.
TL;DR: A hopeful perspective of the application of Li bond in Li batteries is presented, which renders a comprehensive understanding ofLi bond inLi batteries and also an outlook of its future development.
Abstract: Lithium bonds are analogous to hydrogen bonds and are therefore expected to exhibit similar characteristics and functions. Additionally, the metallic nature and large atomic radius of Li bestow the Li bond with special features. As one of the most important applications of the element, Li batteries afford emerging opportunities for the exploration of Li bond chemistry. Herein, the historical development and concept of the Li bond are reviewed, in addition to the application of Li bonds in Li batteries. In this way, a comprehensive understanding of the Li bond in Li batteries and an outlook on its future developments is presented.
TL;DR: The hydrogen bond interaction and σ-hole and π-hole bonds are steered by the same mechanisms and the increase of the polarization of bonds to this centre seems to be the common effect.
Abstract: The hydrogen bond interaction and σ-hole and π-hole bonds are steered by the same mechanisms. There is electron charge transfer from the Lewis base to the Lewis acid unit, and further, for various interactions the same mechanisms try to protect the former electronic structure of the Lewis acid centre. The increase of the polarization of bonds to this centre seems to be the common effect. In the case of the A-HB hydrogen bond it is the increase of the polarization of the A-H bond connected with the outflow of the electron charge from the H-atom to the A-centre. For other interactions the outflow of electron charge from the Lewis acid centre is also observed. These electron charge shifts try to protect the doublet/octet structure of the acidic centre. The extremely strong interaction is often equivalent to the formation of new covalent bonds or it may lead to chemical reactions. Numerous interactions may be treated as the preliminary stages of chemical reactions: hydrogen bond - proton transfer, dihydrogen bond - molecular hydrogen release, tetrel bond - SN2 reaction, etc.
TL;DR: The results show that the electrostatic interaction plays an important role in the enhancement of halogen bond.
Abstract: Quantum chemical calculations have been performed to study the complex of MCN-LiCN-XCCH (M = H, Li, and Na; X = Cl, Br, and I). The aim is to study the cooperative effect between halogen bond and lithium bond. The alkali metal has an enhancing effect on the lithium bond, making it increased by 77 and 94% for the Li and Na, respectively. There is the cooperativity between the lithium bond and halogen bond. The former has a larger enhancing effect on the latter, being in a range of 11.7–29.4%. The effect of cooperativity on the halogen bond is dependent on the type of metal and halogen atoms. The enhancing mechanism has been analyzed in views with the orbital interaction, charge transfer, dipole moment, polarizability, atom charges, and electrostatic potentials. The results show that the electrostatic interaction plays an important role in the enhancement of halogen bond. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2011
TL;DR: The complexes H(2)C-LiX have been studied with quantum chemical calculations at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level and a new type of lithium bond was proposed, in which the carbene acts as the electron donor.
Abstract: The complexes H 2 C-LiX (X = H, OH, F, Cl, Br, CN, NC, CH 3 , C 2 H 3 , C 2 H, NH 2 ) have been studied with quantum chemical calculations at the MP2/6-31 1++G(d,p) level. A new type of lithium bond was proposed, in which the carbene acts as the electron donor. This new type of lithium bond was characterized in view of the geometrical, spectral and energetic parameters. The Li—X bond elongates in all lithium bonded complexes. The Li—X stretch vibration has a red shift in the complexes H 2 C-LiX (X = H, OH, F); however, it exhibits a blue shift in the complexes H 2 C-LiX (X = Cl, Br, CN, NC, CH 3 , C 2 H 3 , C 2 H, NH 2 ). The binding energies are in a range of 16.88—21.13 kcal/mol, indicating that the carbene is a good electron donor in the interaction. The energy decomposition analyses show that the electrostatic contribution is largest, polarization counterpart is followed, and charge transfer is smallest. The effect of substitution and hybridization on this type of lithium bond has also been investigated.
TL;DR: The natural bond orbital and atoms in molecules analyses indicate that the electrostatic force plays a main role in the lithium bonding and both the charge transfer and induction effect due to the electro static interaction are responsible for the cooperativity in the trimer.
Abstract: The lithium- and hydrogen-bonded complex of HLi-NCH-NCH is studied with ab initio calculations. The optimized structure, vibrational frequencies, and binding energy are calculated at the MP2 level with 6-311++G(2d,2p) basis set. The interplay between lithium bonding and hydrogen bonding in the complex is investigated with these properties. The effect of lithium bonding on the properties of hydrogen bonding is larger than that of hydrogen bonding on the properties of lithium bonding. In the trimer, the binding energies are increased by about 19% and 61% for the lithium and hydrogen bonds, respectively. A big cooperative energy (-5.50 kcal mol(-1)) is observed in the complex. Both the charge transfer and induction effect due to the electrostatic interaction are responsible for the cooperativity in the trimer. The effect of HCN chain length on the lithium bonding has been considered. The natural bond orbital and atoms in molecules analyses indicate that the electrostatic force plays a main role in the lithium bonding. A many-body interaction analysis has also been performed for HLi-(NCH)(N) (N=2-5) systems.