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Fatemeh Rahaei

Bio: Fatemeh Rahaei is an academic researcher from Semnan University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Hand strength & Hemodialysis. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 3 publications receiving 30 citations.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results of the study showed a relatively high incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing hemodialysis, hence nurses must consider these problems by suitable measures to prevent the occurrence of the these unpleasant feelings in the patients during he modialysis.
Abstract: Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a rising problem across the world, including Iran. Most of the patients will require hemodialysis for survival. Despite the great progress has been made in the hemodialysis equipment, but it is still associated with complications. Nausea and vomiting are common complication of during hemodialysis, which leads to unpleasant feeling in patients. Objectives: This study aimed to determine incidence and severity of nausea and vomiting in a group of maintenance hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods: This is a descriptive and analytical study on 60 hemodialysis patients of dialysis wards in Semnan University of Medical Sciences. Verbal Numeric Rating Scale (VNRS) and Korttila vomiting severity scale were used to measure the severity of nausea and vomiting during hemodialysis respectively. Results: In this study, the incidence of nausea and vomiting during hemodialysis were 28.3% and 11.7%, respectively. Meanwhile, the mean severity of nausea was 1.15 and the mean rank of vomiting was 2.08. Conclusion: The results of the study showed a relatively high incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing hemodialysis, hence nurses must consider these problems by suitable measures to prevent the occurrence of the these unpleasant feelings in the patients during hemodialysis.

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In general, women's attitude toward menopause ranged from neutral to positive, and the attitude did not differ significantly on the basis of menopausal status, educational level, marital status, place of residency, and employment.
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The menopause marks a major biological transition in the lives of all women. Understanding the attitude of women about menopause facilitates the implementation of public health policies that focus on improving women's health. This study was designed to determine the attitude of a group of Iranian women toward menopause with respect to sociodemographic variables and menopausal status. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted at Primary Health Centers of Semnan during 2012. A total of 747 women aged 45-60 years were interviewed. Sociodemographic characteristics and attitude toward menopause were collected through a structured pretested questionnaire. The attitude scale consisted of 17 questions, each rated on a five-point Likert scale with a total score of 85 points. RESULTS The mean (±SD) age of women was 51.3 (±4.5) years. Women were classified as premenopausal (38.4%), perimenopausal (16.9%), and postmenopausal (44.8%). The majority of respondents (63.5%) were illiterate or have had low level of education (<9 years), and 86.3% were unemployed. The mean (±SD) attitude score was 53.3 (±6.8). Most of the women (71%) had neutral attitude, 22.8% had positive, and only 6.3% had negative attitude toward menopause. Menopausal status, educational level, marital status, place of residency, and employment were not associated with women's attitude. CONCLUSION In general, women's attitude toward menopause ranged from neutral to positive. The attitude did not differ significantly on the basis of menopausal status, educational level, marital status, place of residency, and employment.

9 citations

19 Feb 2017
TL;DR: The results showed that upper extremity motor function and hand muscular power in patients with stroke was reduced considerably, due to the high prevalence of this motor impairment after stroke and its consequences.
Abstract: Introduction: Stroke is one of the most important neurological diseases that annually causes death and long-term disability in patients in the world. The incidence of motor impairment in the upper extremity and hand as a result of stroke as compared to the lower extremity are more prevalent and less recovery. This pilot study was performed to Investigate of upper extremity and hand muscular power in patients with stroke. Materials and Methods: In a descriptive-analytical study, 36 patients with stroke were investigated, in internal medicine ward of Kowsar hospital in Semnan. Sampling method was easy, available, and purposeful. In the study, the section of upper extremity and hand assessment of Fugl-Meyer scale were used to measure the upper extremity motor function and also hand dynamometer were used to measure hand muscular power. Results: In this study, the mean score of affected upper extremity motor function in stroke patients was 8.2±8.73, mean score of affected hand motor function was 5.3±5.6, and mean of affected hand muscular power was 2.64±3.8. No significant relationship between demographic variables and affected upper extremity, hand motor function score and affected hand grip power of subjects were observed. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that upper extremity motor function and hand muscular power in patients with stroke was reduced considerably. Due to the high prevalence of this motor impairment after stroke and its consequences, health care personnel should design appropriate care and rehabilitation programs to more control these damages Keywords: Stroke, Motor Activity, Hand Strength, Upper Extremity, Hand

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors evaluated allied health and nursing staff's online COVID-19 related information-seeking behavior to prevent COVID19 infection and found that health-care workers use various informationseeking strategies to decrease the chance of finding inaccurate data and misjudging the correct data.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate allied health and nursing staff’s online COVID-19 related information-seeking behavior to prevent COVID-19 infection. METHODOLOGY: This study was cross-sectional research performed from February to May 2020 that surveyed allied health and nursing staff working in healthcare settings, whether full or part-time, of Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Two valid questionnaires, such as preventive behaviors and online COVID-19 related information-seeking behaviors, were used. Multiple logistic models were used to explain the correlation between one dependent binary variable and other variables. RESULTS: 291(94.8%) had good preventive behaviors. 239 (77.9%) of the participants, after getting online health information from the Internet, very often search the obtained data in other books and journals;240 (78.2%) very often compare the received data with information on other websites;252 (82.1%) very often consulted with physicians about the obtained information. There was a relationship between online COVID-19 related information-seeking behaviors (Beta = 0.04, 95% CI: 1.02-1.06 and P<0.001) and preventive behaviors. CONCLUSION: Health-care workers use various information-seeking strategies to decrease the chance of finding inaccurate data and misjudging the correct data. This study shows that healthcare workers’ behavior to see credible information related to COVID-19 significantly affects their preventive behaviors.

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TL;DR: The 11th edition of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine welcomes Anthony Fauci to its editorial staff, in addition to more than 85 new contributors.
Abstract: The 11th edition of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine welcomes Anthony Fauci to its editorial staff, in addition to more than 85 new contributors. While the organization of the book is similar to previous editions, major emphasis has been placed on disorders that affect multiple organ systems. Important advances in genetics, immunology, and oncology are emphasized. Many chapters of the book have been rewritten and describe major advances in internal medicine. Subjects that received only a paragraph or two of attention in previous editions are now covered in entire chapters. Among the chapters that have been extensively revised are the chapters on infections in the compromised host, on skin rashes in infections, on many of the viral infections, including cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus, on sexually transmitted diseases, on diabetes mellitus, on disorders of bone and mineral metabolism, and on lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. The major revisions in these chapters and many

6,968 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This report provides a well-formulated framework for decision-makers and health service planners to implement strategies for comprehensively managing chronic conditions and describes eight essential elements for improving and creating innovations in the care of chronic conditions.
Abstract: Chronic health conditions have been on the rise across the world. But few health care systems, have proved able to cope with managing this dramatic increase in chronic conditions. This report from the World Health Organization (WHO) provides a comprehensive framework for the prevention framework for the prevention and management of Chronic health conditions around the world. Chronic health conditions were defined in this report as “health problems that persist across time and require some degree of health care management”. This new report addresses how policy makers can take effective and innovative action to tackle these conditions. The report addresses the following issues: Exploring chronic conditions, including how and why they are increasing, what is their economic impact on patients, families, communities, and governments, and how to reduce their prevalence. The deficits in current systems of health to successfully manage chronic conditions because the acute care model dominates health care systems. The acute care model increased health care expenditures without improving populations health status. A new framework for health care systems to improve care for chronic conditions. This framework is comprised of fundamental components within the patient, health care organization and community, and policy levels. These components were described as “building blocks” that can be used to re-design a health care system to manage long-term health problems more effectively. The report describes eight essential elements for improving and creating innovations in the care of chronic conditions. These elements include: Supporting a shift in attitudes, so that decision­ makers, health workers and patients are aware that a shift in resources from the acute, episodic model of care is needed to meet the different of chronic conditions. Building political commitment to the process of preventing and managing chronic conditions. Avoiding fragmentation of services, to ensure that the care for chronic conditions is integrated. To align and analyze policies which affect chronic conditions, such as agricultural regulations, labor laws and health education. To use new, team care models and evidence-based skills for managing chronic conditions, worth more efficient use of health care personnel. To re-oriented Health care for chronic conditions around the patient and family. To support patients within their communities, because communities can fill a crucial gap in health services that are not provided by organized health care. To emphasize prevention, as many of the complications of chronic conditions can be prevented or reduced. This report provides a well-formulated framework for decision-makers and health service planners to implement strategies for comprehensively managing chronic conditions.

506 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Feb 2019-Ndt Plus
TL;DR: Daprodustat produced dose-dependent changes in hemoglobin over the first 4 weeks after switching from a stable dose of rhEPO as well as maintained hemoglobin target levels over 24 weeks, demonstrating an adverse event profile consistent with the HD population.
Abstract: Background This study evaluated the hemoglobin dose response, other efficacy measures and safety of daprodustat, an orally administered, hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor in development for anemia of chronic kidney disease.

81 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The marital status and educational level of the husband were the only demographic factors affecting the severity of menopausal symptoms, which can guide health-care professionals towards providing an optimal package.
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the symptoms of menopausal women as well as the relationship between women’s attitude towards menopause and menopausal symptoms.Method: This studied, following a cross-sectional method, included 349 selected postmenopausal women attending health care centers. The data was collected using the attitude toward menopause (ATM) checklist and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) questionnaires.Results: The most common menopausal symptoms were physical with joint and muscle pain. The highest mean score belongs to vasomotor symptoms (1.37 ± 1.43), followed by psychosocial (1.32 ± 1.16), physical (1.22 ± 0.96), and sexual (0.91 ± 0.94) symptoms. Attitude toward menopause was significantly influenced by sweat nights, poor memory, and sleeplessness. The marital status and educational level of the husband were the only demographic factors affecting the severity of menopausal symptoms.Conclusion: This study provides deeper insights about the relationshi...

52 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A comprehensive assessment of existing studies on the relationship between social determinants of health and menopause is provided to attract the attention of researchers and health providers to this critical issue.
Abstract: Menopause is one of the most important reproductive health issues of women. Because of rising life expectancy, by the year 2030, the global population of menopausal women is expected to include 1.2 billion people. The purpose of the present study is to provide a comprehensive assessment of existing studies on the relationship between social determinants of health and menopause to attract the attention of researchers and health providers to this critical issue. In present integrative review, articles for menopause published from Jan 1990 to Jan 2019 in databases including MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Google Scholar, IranDoc, IranMedex, MagIran and SID in English and Persian languages were extracted. After the assessment of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 40 articles were selected and reviewed. Some social determinants of health are related to the health of women in menopause. Cultural factors, lifestyles (nutrition, exercise, tobacco use, etc.), family support, educational level, employment, economic status, marital status, and the number of pregnancies and childbirth are among the social determinants of health that present research assessed them. The need for education, improving emotional and social support, planning for lifestyle enhancement, and improving socio-economic status is felt, which results in promoting women's health during menopause.

49 citations