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Feng Wu

Bio: Feng Wu is an academic researcher from University of Science and Technology of China. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Motion compensation & Data compression. The author has an hindex of 60, co-authored 645 publication(s) receiving 15886 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Feng Wu include Center for Excellence in Education & Microsoft.
Papers
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
20 Sep 2009-
TL;DR: This paper presents the first complete design to apply compressive sampling theory to sensor data gathering for large-scale wireless sensor networks and shows the efficiency and robustness of the proposed scheme.
Abstract: This paper presents the first complete design to apply compressive sampling theory to sensor data gathering for large-scale wireless sensor networks. The successful scheme developed in this research is expected to offer fresh frame of mind for research in both compressive sampling applications and large-scale wireless sensor networks. We consider the scenario in which a large number of sensor nodes are densely deployed and sensor readings are spatially correlated. The proposed compressive data gathering is able to reduce global scale communication cost without introducing intensive computation or complicated transmission control. The load balancing characteristic is capable of extending the lifetime of the entire sensor network as well as individual sensors. Furthermore, the proposed scheme can cope with abnormal sensor readings gracefully. We also carry out the analysis of the network capacity of the proposed compressive data gathering and validate the analysis through ns-2 simulations. More importantly, this novel compressive data gathering has been tested on real sensor data and the results show the efficiency and robustness of the proposed scheme.

601 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A novel framework for saliency detection is proposed by first modeling the background and then separating salient objects from the background by developing stacked denoising autoencoders with deep learning architectures to model the background.
Abstract: Detection of salient objects from images is gaining increasing research interest in recent years as it can substantially facilitate a wide range of content-based multimedia applications. Based on the assumption that foreground salient regions are distinctive within a certain context, most conventional approaches rely on a number of hand-designed features and their distinctiveness is measured using local or global contrast. Although these approaches have been shown to be effective in dealing with simple images, their limited capability may cause difficulties when dealing with more complicated images. This paper proposes a novel framework for saliency detection by first modeling the background and then separating salient objects from the background. We develop stacked denoising autoencoders with deep learning architectures to model the background where latent patterns are explored and more powerful representations of data are learned in an unsupervised and bottom-up manner. Afterward, we formulate the separation of salient objects from the background as a problem of measuring reconstruction residuals of deep autoencoders. Comprehensive evaluations of three benchmark datasets and comparisons with nine state-of-the-art algorithms demonstrate the superiority of this paper.

395 citations


18


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper analyzes the ME structure in HEVC and proposes a parallel framework to decouple ME for different partitions on many-core processors and achieves more than 30 and 40 times speedup for 1920 × 1080 and 2560 × 1600 video sequences, respectively.
Abstract: High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) provides superior coding efficiency than previous video coding standards at the cost of increasing encoding complexity. The complexity increase of motion estimation (ME) procedure is rather significant, especially when considering the complicated partitioning structure of HEVC. To fully exploit the coding efficiency brought by HEVC requires a huge amount of computations. In this paper, we analyze the ME structure in HEVC and propose a parallel framework to decouple ME for different partitions on many-core processors. Based on local parallel method (LPM), we first use the directed acyclic graph (DAG)-based order to parallelize coding tree units (CTUs) and adopt improved LPM (ILPM) within each CTU (DAGILPM), which exploits the CTU-level and prediction unit (PU)-level parallelism. Then, we find that there exist completely independent PUs (CIPUs) and partially independent PUs (PIPUs). When the degree of parallelism (DP) is smaller than the maximum DP of DAGILPM, we process the CIPUs and PIPUs, which further increases the DP. The data dependencies and coding efficiency stay the same as LPM. Experiments show that on a 64-core system, compared with serial execution, our proposed scheme achieves more than 30 and 40 times speedup for 1920 × 1080 and 2560 × 1600 video sequences, respectively.

361 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Feng Wu1, Shipeng Li1, Ya-Qin Zhang1
TL;DR: Experimental results show that the PFGS framework can improve the coding efficiency up to more than 1 dB over the FGS scheme in terms of average PSNR, yet still keeps all the original properties, such as fine granularity, bandwidth adaptation, and error recovery.
Abstract: A basic framework for efficient scalable video coding, namely progressive fine granularity scalable (PFGS) video coding is proposed. Similar to the fine granularity scalable (PGS) video coding in MPEG-4, the PFGS framework has all the features of FGS, such as fine granularity bit-rate scalability, channel adaptation, and error recovery. On the other hand, different from the PGS coding, the PFGS framework uses multiple layers of references with increasing quality to make motion prediction more accurate for improved video-coding efficiency. However, using multiple layers of references with different quality also introduces several issues. First, extra frame buffers are needed for storing the multiple reconstructed reference layers. This would increase the memory cost and computational complexity of the PFGS scheme. Based on the basic framework, a simplified and efficient PFGS framework is further proposed. The simplified PPGS framework needs only one extra frame buffer with almost the same coding efficiency as in the original framework. Second, there might be undesirable increase and fluctuation of the coefficients to be coded when switching from a low-quality reference to a high-quality one, which could partially offset the advantage of using a high-quality reference. A further improved PFGS scheme can eliminate the fluctuation of enhancement-layer coefficients when switching references by always using only one high-quality prediction reference for all enhancement layers. Experimental results show that the PFGS framework can improve the coding efficiency up to more than 1 dB over the FGS scheme in terms of average PSNR, yet still keeps all the original properties, such as fine granularity, bandwidth adaptation, and error recovery. A simple simulation of transmitting the PFGS video over a wireless channel further confirms the error robustness of the PFGS scheme, although the advantages of PFGS have not been fully exploited.

340 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper proposes a parallel framework to decide coding unit trees through in-depth understanding of the dependency among different coding units, and achieves averagely more than 11 and 16 times speedup for 1920x1080 and 2560x1600 video sequences, respectively, without any coding efficiency degradation.
Abstract: High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) uses a very flexible tree structure to organize coding units, which leads to a superior coding efficiency compared with previous video coding standards. However, such a flexible coding unit tree structure also places a great challenge for encoders. In order to fully exploit the coding efficiency brought by this structure, huge amount of computational complexity is needed for an encoder to decide the optimal coding unit tree for each image block. One way to achieve this is to use parallel computing enabled by many-core processors. In this paper, we analyze the challenge to use many-core processors to make coding unit tree decision. Through in-depth understanding of the dependency among different coding units, we propose a parallel framework to decide coding unit trees. Experimental results show that, on the Tile64 platform, our proposed method achieves averagely more than 11 and 16 times speedup for 1920x1080 and 2560x1600 video sequences, respectively, without any coding efficiency degradation.

335 citations


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Book ChapterDOI
08 Oct 2016-
Abstract: We consider image transformation problems, where an input image is transformed into an output image. Recent methods for such problems typically train feed-forward convolutional neural networks using a per-pixel loss between the output and ground-truth images. Parallel work has shown that high-quality images can be generated by defining and optimizing perceptual loss functions based on high-level features extracted from pretrained networks. We combine the benefits of both approaches, and propose the use of perceptual loss functions for training feed-forward networks for image transformation tasks. We show results on image style transfer, where a feed-forward network is trained to solve the optimization problem proposed by Gatys et al. in real-time. Compared to the optimization-based method, our network gives similar qualitative results but is three orders of magnitude faster. We also experiment with single-image super-resolution, where replacing a per-pixel loss with a perceptual loss gives visually pleasing results.

5,568 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
21 Jul 2017-
Abstract: Despite the breakthroughs in accuracy and speed of single image super-resolution using faster and deeper convolutional neural networks, one central problem remains largely unsolved: how do we recover the finer texture details when we super-resolve at large upscaling factors? The behavior of optimization-based super-resolution methods is principally driven by the choice of the objective function. Recent work has largely focused on minimizing the mean squared reconstruction error. The resulting estimates have high peak signal-to-noise ratios, but they are often lacking high-frequency details and are perceptually unsatisfying in the sense that they fail to match the fidelity expected at the higher resolution. In this paper, we present SRGAN, a generative adversarial network (GAN) for image super-resolution (SR). To our knowledge, it is the first framework capable of inferring photo-realistic natural images for 4x upscaling factors. To achieve this, we propose a perceptual loss function which consists of an adversarial loss and a content loss. The adversarial loss pushes our solution to the natural image manifold using a discriminator network that is trained to differentiate between the super-resolved images and original photo-realistic images. In addition, we use a content loss motivated by perceptual similarity instead of similarity in pixel space. Our deep residual network is able to recover photo-realistic textures from heavily downsampled images on public benchmarks. An extensive mean-opinion-score (MOS) test shows hugely significant gains in perceptual quality using SRGAN. The MOS scores obtained with SRGAN are closer to those of the original high-resolution images than to those obtained with any state-of-the-art method.

5,157 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We propose a deep learning method for single image super-resolution (SR). Our method directly learns an end-to-end mapping between the low/high-resolution images. The mapping is represented as a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) that takes the low-resolution image as the input and outputs the high-resolution one. We further show that traditional sparse-coding-based SR methods can also be viewed as a deep convolutional network. But unlike traditional methods that handle each component separately, our method jointly optimizes all layers. Our deep CNN has a lightweight structure, yet demonstrates state-of-the-art restoration quality, and achieves fast speed for practical on-line usage. We explore different network structures and parameter settings to achieve trade-offs between performance and speed. Moreover, we extend our network to cope with three color channels simultaneously, and show better overall reconstruction quality.

4,680 citations


Posted Content
TL;DR: SRGAN, a generative adversarial network (GAN) for image super-resolution (SR), is presented, to its knowledge, the first framework capable of inferring photo-realistic natural images for 4x upscaling factors and a perceptual loss function which consists of an adversarial loss and a content loss.
Abstract: Despite the breakthroughs in accuracy and speed of single image super-resolution using faster and deeper convolutional neural networks, one central problem remains largely unsolved: how do we recover the finer texture details when we super-resolve at large upscaling factors? The behavior of optimization-based super-resolution methods is principally driven by the choice of the objective function. Recent work has largely focused on minimizing the mean squared reconstruction error. The resulting estimates have high peak signal-to-noise ratios, but they are often lacking high-frequency details and are perceptually unsatisfying in the sense that they fail to match the fidelity expected at the higher resolution. In this paper, we present SRGAN, a generative adversarial network (GAN) for image super-resolution (SR). To our knowledge, it is the first framework capable of inferring photo-realistic natural images for 4x upscaling factors. To achieve this, we propose a perceptual loss function which consists of an adversarial loss and a content loss. The adversarial loss pushes our solution to the natural image manifold using a discriminator network that is trained to differentiate between the super-resolved images and original photo-realistic images. In addition, we use a content loss motivated by perceptual similarity instead of similarity in pixel space. Our deep residual network is able to recover photo-realistic textures from heavily downsampled images on public benchmarks. An extensive mean-opinion-score (MOS) test shows hugely significant gains in perceptual quality using SRGAN. The MOS scores obtained with SRGAN are closer to those of the original high-resolution images than to those obtained with any state-of-the-art method.

4,397 citations



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Performance
Metrics

Author's H-index: 60

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
202148
202047
201940
201849
201739
201623

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