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Author

Fernando Silveira

Bio: Fernando Silveira is an academic researcher from University of the Republic. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): CMOS & Transistor. The author has an hindex of 15, co-authored 128 publication(s) receiving 1364 citation(s).
Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new design methodology based on a unified treatment of all the regions of operation of the MOS transistor is proposed. It is intended for the design of CMOS analog circuits and especially suited for low power circuits where the moderate inversion region often is used because it provides a good compromise between speed and power consumption. The synthesis procedure is based on the relation between the ratio of the transconductance over DC drain current g/sub m//I/sub D/ and the normalized current I/sub D//(W/L). The g/sub m//I/sub D/ indeed is a universal characteristic of all the transistors belonging to a same process. It may be derived from experimental measurements and fitted with simple analytical models. The method was applied successfully to the design of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) micropower operational transconductance amplifier (OTA).

552 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Denis Flandre1, Jean-Pierre Colinge1, J. Chen1, D. De Ceuster1  +10 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: This paper demonstrates that fully-depleted (FD) silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology offers unique opportunities in the field of low-voltage, low-power CMOS circuits. Beside the well-known reduction of parasitic capacitances due to dielectric isolation, FD SOI MOSFETs indeed exhibit near-ideal body factor, subthreshold slope and current drive. These assets are both theoretically and experimentally investigated. Original circuit studies then show how a basic FD SOI CMOS process allows for the mixed fabrication and operation under low supply voltage of analog, digital and microwave components with properties significantly superior to those obtained on bulk CMOS. Experimental circuit realizations support the analysis.

73 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In this paper, an LC voltage-controlled oscillator (LC VCO) design optimization methodology based on the gm/ID tech nique and on the exploration of all inversion regions of the MOS transistor (MOST) is presented. An in-depth study of the com promises between phase noise and current consumption permits optimization of the design for given specifications. Semiempirical models of MOSTs and inductors, obtained by simulation, jointly with analytical phase noise models, allow to get a design space map where the design tradeoffs are easily identified. Four LC-VCO designs in different inversion regions in a 90-nm CMOS process are obtained with the proposed methodology and verified with electrical simulations. Finally, the implementation and measurements are presented for a 2.4-GHz VCO operating in moderate inversion. The designed VCO draws 440 μA from a 1.2-V power supply and presents a phase noise of -106.2 dBc/Hz at 400 kHz from the carrier.

52 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In this paper, the MOS transistor (MOST) moderate-inversion (MI)-weak-inversion (WI) region is shown to be the optimum design zone for CMOS 2.4-GHz common-source low-noise amplifiers (CS-LNAs) focused on low power consumption applications. This statement is supported by a systematic study where the MOST is analyzed in all-inversion regions using an exhaustive CS-LNA noise-figure (NF)-power-consumption optimization technique with power gain constraint. Effects of bias choke resistance and MOST capacitances are carefully included in the study to obtain more accurate results, especially for the MI-WI region. NF, power consumption, and gain versus the inversion region are described with design space maps, providing the designer with a deep insight of their tradeoffs. The Pareto-optimal design frontier obtained by calculation-showing the MI-WI region as the optimum design zone-is reverified by extensive electrical simulations of a high number of designs. Finally, one 90-nm 2.4-GHz CS-LNA Pareto optimal design is implemented. It achieves the best figure of merit considering under-milliwatt CS-LNAs published designs, consuming 684 μW, an NF of 4.36 dB, a power gain of 9.7 dB, and a third-order intermodulation intercept point of -4 dBm with load and source resistances of 50 Ω.

51 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This prospective HRpQCT study showed that most trabecular parameters altered at CD diagnosis improved significantly by specific treatment (GFD) and calcium and vitamin D supplementation, however, there were still significant differences with a control group of women of similar age and BMI.
Abstract: We have recently identified a significant deterioration of bone microarchitecture in premenopausal women with newly diagnosed celiac disease (CD) using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT). The aim of this work was to assess changes in bone microarchitecture after 1 year on a gluten-free diet (GFD) in a cohort of premenopausal women. We prospectively enrolled 31 consecutive females at diagnosis of CD; 26 of them were reassessed 1 year after GFD. They all underwent HRpQCT scans of distal radius and tibia, areal BMD by DXA, and biochemical tests (bone-specific parameters and CD serology) at both time points. Secondary, we compared 1-year results with those of a control group of healthy premenopausal women of similar age and BMI in order to assess whether the microarchitectural parameters of treated CD patients had reached the values expected for their age. Compared with baseline, the trabecular compartment in the distal radius and tibia improved significantly (trabecular density, trabecular/bone volume fraction [BV/TV] [p < 0.0001], and trabecular thickness [p = 0.0004]). Trabecular number remained stable in both regions. Cortical density increased only in the tibia (p = 0.0004). Cortical thickness decreased significantly in both sites (radius: p = 0.03; tibia: p = 0.05). DXA increased in all regions (lumbar spine [LS], p = 0.01; femoral neck [FN], p = 0.009; ultradistal [UD] radius, p = 0.001). Most parameters continued to be significantly lower than those of healthy controls. This prospective HRpQCT study showed that most trabecular parameters altered at CD diagnosis improved significantly by specific treatment (GFD) and calcium and vitamin D supplementation. However, there were still significant differences with a control group of women of similar age and BMI. In the prospective follow-up of this group of patients we expect to be able to assess whether bone microarchitecture attains levels expected for their age. © 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

30 citations


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Journal ArticleDOI
Canan Dagdeviren1, Byung Duk Yang1, Yewang Su2, Yewang Su3  +15 moreInstitutions (4)
TL;DR: Advanced materials and devices are reported that enable high-efficiency mechanical-to-electrical energy conversion from the natural contractile and relaxation motions of the heart, lung, and diaphragm, demonstrated in several different animal models, each of which has organs with sizes that approach human scales.
Abstract: Here, we report advanced materials and devices that enable high-efficiency mechanical-to-electrical energy conversion from the natural contractile and relaxation motions of the heart, lung, and diaphragm, demonstrated in several different animal models, each of which has organs with sizes that approach human scales. A cointegrated collection of such energy-harvesting elements with rectifiers and microbatteries provides an entire flexible system, capable of viable integration with the beating heart via medical sutures and operation with efficiencies of ∼2%. Additional experiments, computational models, and results in multilayer configurations capture the key behaviors, illuminate essential design aspects, and offer sufficient power outputs for operation of pacemakers, with or without battery assist.

626 citations


Proceedings Article
Eric Carlson1, Kai Strunz2, Brian Otis1Institutions (2)
01 Jan 2010-
Abstract: This paper presents a low power boost converter for thermoelectric energy harvesting that demonstrates an efficiency that is 15% higher than the state-of-the-art for voltage conversion ratios above 20. This is achieved by utilizing a technique allowing synchronous rectification in the discontinuous conduction mode. A low-power method for input voltage monitoring is presented. The low input voltage requirements allow operation from a thermoelectric generator powered by body heat. The converter, fabricated in a 0.13 μm CMOS process, operates from input voltages ranging from 20 mV to 250 mV while supplying a regulated 1 V output. The converter consumes 1.6 (1.1) μW of quiescent power, delivers up to 25 (175) μW of output power, and is 46 (75)% efficient for a 20 mV and 100 mV input, respectively.

412 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A physically based model for the metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistor suitable for analysis and design of analog integrated circuits is presented.
Abstract: This paper presents a physically based model for the metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistor suitable for analysis and design of analog integrated circuits. Static and dynamic characteristics of the MOS field-effect transistor are accurately described by single-piece functions of two saturation currents in all regions of operation. Simple expressions for the transconductance-to-current ratio, the drain-to-source saturation voltage, and the cutoff frequency in terms of the inversion level are given. The design of a common-source amplifier illustrates the application of the proposed model.

299 citations


Patent
10 Oct 2002-
Abstract: An RF switch circuit and method for switching RF signals that may be fabricated using common integrated circuit materials such as silicon, particularly using insulating substrate technologies. The RF switch includes switching and shunting transistor groupings to alternatively couple RF input signals to a common RF node, each controlled by a switching control voltage (SW) or its inverse (SW_), which are approximately symmetrical about ground. The transistor groupings each comprise one or more insulating gate FET transistors connected together in a “stacked” series channel configuration, which increases the breakdown voltage across the series connected transistors and improves RF switch compression. A fully integrated RF switch is described including control logic and a negative voltage generator with the RF switch elements. In one embodiment, the fully integrated RF switch includes an oscillator, a charge pump, CMOS logic circuitry, level-shifting and voltage divider circuits, and an RF buffer circuit.

240 citations


Book
David M. Binkley1Institutions (1)
04 Aug 2008-
Abstract: The selection of drain current, inversion coefficient, and channel length for each MOS device in an analog circuit results in significant tradeoffs in performance. The selection of inversion coefficient, which is a numerical measure of MOS inversion, enables design freely in weak, moderate, and strong inversion and facilitates optimum design. Here, channel width required for layout is easily found and implicitly considered in performance expressions. This paper gives hand expressions motivated by the EKV MOS model and measured data for MOS device performance, inclusive of velocity saturation and other small-geometry effects. A simple spreadsheet tool is then used to predict MOS device performance and map this into complete circuit performance. Tradeoffs and optimization of performance are illustrated by the design of three, 0.18-mum CMOS operational transconductance amplifiers optimized for DC, balanced, and AC performance. Measured performance shows significant tradeoffs in voltage gain, output resistance, transconductance bandwidth, input-referred flicker noise and offset voltage, and layout area.

240 citations


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Performance
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Author's H-index: 15

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
202114
20209
20197
201811
201711
201610

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