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Fleitas Mg

Bio: Fleitas Mg is an academic researcher from University of Cantabria. The author has contributed to research in topics: Aortic valve replacement & Commissurotomy. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 4 publications receiving 150 citations.

Papers
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Journal Article
C.G. Duran1, José M. Revuelta, L. Gaite, Alonso C, Fleitas Mg 
TL;DR: It is concluded that reconstructive surgery after 10-12 years of follow-up for this group of predominantly rheumatic patients has an incidence of failure of approximately 18% attributable to incorrect surgery (11%) and restenosis (7%).
Abstract: All consecutive patients who underwent Duran flexible ring annuloplasty in 1975 and 1976 were reviewed until June 1987. Eighty-seven annuloplasties were performed in 85 patients. Aortic, tricuspid, or both surgeries were simultaneously performed in 44.8%. The hospital mortality was 2.3% (two of 85). Ten patients were lost to follow-up within 2 years after surgery, and there were three late deaths. Thromboembolic events were detected in 18 patients (seven peripheral and 11 central with one death); nine patients had partial recovery, and eight had full recovery. At the time of the thromboembolic event, eight patients were receiving anticoagulants; four, antiaggregants; one, both anticoagulants and antiaggregants; and five, none. Thirteen patients (13 of 73, 17.8%) required reoperation between 1 month and 11 years postoperatively. The valve was replaced in 11 patients, and two underwent a new flexible ring annuloplasty. The cause for reoperation was regurgitation in eight patients (10.9%), for whom the mean interval between operations was 20.6 months (range, 1 month-11 years). Stenosis was the cause for reoperation in five patients (6.8%), for whom the mean interval between operations was 87.8 months (range, 4-11 years). We conclude that reconstructive surgery after 10-12 years of follow-up for this group of predominantly rheumatic patients has an incidence of failure of approximately 18% attributable to incorrect surgery (11%) and restenosis (7%).

88 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is concluded that these surgical techniques can be applied successfully in moderate rheumatic aortic valve disease accompanying a predominant mitral lesion when a mitral reconstruction has been performed.
Abstract: From July 1974 to January 1986, 50 patients underwent conservative repair for rheumatic aortic valvular disease at our institution. Eleven were male and 39 female, with an average age of 39.5 years (range 17-57). The aortic lesion was associated in all cases with a predominant mitral lesion. Twenty-five also had tricuspid disease which was surgically treated in 17. Twenty-six had aortic regurgitation and 24, a mixed lesion. The surgical techniques used were: (1) commissurotomy, (2) annuloplasty, (3) cusp free edge unfolding and (4) supra-aortic crest enhancement. Two patients had one cusp extended with pericardium. There were 3 hospital deaths (6%). Six patients were lost to follow-up at different periods. Maximum follow-up was 12.58 years with a mean of 7.78 years per patient. Twelve required reoperation with 3 deaths. Three reoperations were due to failure of the mitral bioprosthesis without reoperation on the aortic valve. Of the remaining 9 patients who had aortic and mitral dysfunction, 4 had severe aortic insufficiency. The actuarial freedom from reoperation at 13 years was 75% and the overall actuarial survival was 86%. It is concluded that these surgical techniques can be applied successfully in moderate rheumatic aortic valve disease accompanying a predominant mitral lesion. This is particularly relevant when a mitral reconstruction has been performed.

62 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: From August 1977 through October 1984, 241 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with the Ionescu‐Shiley pericardial valve, with the average age of 50.8 years.
Abstract: From August 1977 through October 1984, 241 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with the Ionescu-Shiley pericardial valve. There were 130 males and 11 females in this series with an average age of 50.8 years (range 15 to 78 years). Isolated aortic valve replacement was performed in 121 patients (50.2%) and associated cardiac surgery in 120 (49.8%). Valve size was 21 mm or smaller in 107 cases (50.2%). Cumulative duration of follow-up was 1,260 patient-years with a mean follow-up of 5.16 years per patient. Five patients were lost to follow-up. Maximum follow-up was 10.5 years. There were 26 hospital deaths and 15 late deaths (1.19% per pt-yr). The expected 10.5 year actuarial survival rate is 82% +/- 2.9%. Twelve thromboembolic episodes occurred in seven patients--seven central and five peripheral events. The thromboembolic rate was 0.95% per patient-year--32% for patients with isolated aortic valve replacement and 0.63% for patients with concomitant surgery. Freedom from thromboembolic episodes at 10.5 years is 73% +/- 12%. Structural valve deterioration was found in 24 patients (1.9% per pt-yr) with an actuarial freedom from primary tissue failure of 77.5% +/- 5.4% at 10.5 years. Reoperation was required in 39 cases (3.09% per pt-yr)--primary tissue failure (n = 24), paravalvular leak (n = 7), infective endocarditis (n = 6), and valve thrombosis (n = 2).

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Gastropexy avoids objections to the use of this pedicled arterial graft, such as the prolonged dissection time, the limited length of the conduit and the potential damage when abdominal surgery is later required.
Abstract: Surgical anterior and superior fixation to the diaphragm of a segment of the greater curvature of the stomach simplifies the technical performance of harvesting the right gastroepiploic artery for coronary bypass grafting. Gastropexy avoids objections to the use of this pedicled arterial graft, such as the prolonged dissection time, the limited length of the conduit and the potential damage when abdominal surgery is later re- quired_ (Eur J Cardio-thorac Surg (1996) 10:294-296)

Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Valve repair significantly improves postoperative outcome in patients with mitral regurgitation and should be the preferred mode of surgical correction.
Abstract: Background Mitral valve repair has been suggested as providing a better postoperative outcome than valve replacement for mitral regurgitation, but this impression has been obscured by differences in baseline characteristics and has not been confirmed in multivariate analyses. Methods and Results The outcomes in 195 patients with valve repair and 214 with replacement for organic mitral regurgitation were compared using multivariate analysis. All patients had preoperative echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular function. Before surgery, patients with valve repair were less symptomatic than those with replacement (42% in New York Heart Association functional class I or II versus 24%, respectively; P=.001), had less atrial fibrillation (41% versus 53%; P=.017), and had a better ejection fraction (63±9% versus 60±12%, P=.016). After valve repair, compared with valve replacement, overall survival at 10 years was 68±6% versus 52±4% (P=.0004), overall operative mortality was 2.6% versus 10.3% (P=.002), o...

756 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The anterior mitral leaflet prolapse was neutralized as an incremental risk factor for reoperation and this has contributed to the improved overall results of mitral valve repair.
Abstract: From January 1987 to July 1994, 299 consecutive patients ranging from 4 to 80 years of age underwent mitral repair for pure valve insufficiency due to degenerative disease (59%), rheumatic disease (23%), endocarditis (12%) or ischemic heart disease (6%). During the initial period, a variety of reparative methods were used following the principles originally described by Carpentier. More recently, in our institution other surgical techniques have been introduced: specifically, prolapse of the anterior leaflet was corrected either by replacing the chordae with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sutures or simply by anchoring the prolapsing free edge to the facing edge of the posterior leaflet ("edge-to-edge" technique). Chordal transposition has also been used occasionally to correct the prolapse of the anterior leaflet. The hospital mortality rate was 1.3%. According to actuarial methods, the overall survival rate was 94% at 7 years, and freedom from reoperation was 86%. Significant incremental risk factors for reoperation were: no use of prosthetic ring, correction of the prolapse of the anterior leaflet by triangular resection or chordal shortening and ischemic etiology of the mitral insufficiency (freedom from reoperation at 7 years was 61%, 56% and 51%, respectively). In the late postoperative period (mean follow-up 3.6 years), 95% of the patients were in NYHA class I or II; four patients had thromboembolic episodes, two hemorrhagic complications and two endocarditis. No patient in whom the prolapse of the anterior leaflet was corrected by the recently introduced technique has required reoperation. The anterior mitral leaflet prolapse was therefore neutralized as an incremental risk factor for reoperation and this has contributed to the improved overall results of mitral valve repair.

308 citations

Patent
12 Mar 2002
TL;DR: An annuloplasty band comprising a sheath, and a generally arcuate stiffening element disposed within the sheath is described in this article, with eyelets at its first and second ends adapted to receive sutures to secure the ANN to a valve annulus.
Abstract: An annuloplasty band comprising a sheath, and a generally arcuate stiffening element disposed within the sheath. The stiffening element extends from a first end to a second end, and preferably includes eyelets at its first and second ends adapted to receive sutures to secure the annuloplasty band to a valve annulus. The annuloplasty band preferably has a low profile (e.g., a thickness less than 3 mm). In embodiments intended for mitral valve repair, the eyelets are particularly adapted to receive sutures to secure the annuloplasty band to the antero-lateral trigone and postero-medial trigone. A holder and sizer device useful with the annuloplasty band are also provided.

301 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mitral valve reconstruction, when technically feasible, is the procedure of choice for degenerative or ischemic mitral regurgitation because of significantly lower hospital mortality and late valve-related events.

195 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Aortic valve repair for aortic cusp prolapse effectively eliminates aorti insufficiency without causing aortsic stenosis and at early follow-up the repair has been stable.

191 citations