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G. R. Dodagoudar

Bio: G. R. Dodagoudar is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Finite element method & Seismic hazard. The author has an hindex of 14, co-authored 64 publication(s) receiving 767 citation(s). Previous affiliations of G. R. Dodagoudar include Indian Institute of Technology Bombay & Indian Institutes of Technology. more

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Journal ArticleDOI
G. R. Dodagoudar1, G. Venkatachalam1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: An attempt has been made to present a new approach for the stability analysis of slopes incorporating fuzzy uncertainty, which allows assessment of the likelihood that a particular slope section will have a higher failure probability than the failure probability of the ‘critical’ deterministic failure surface. more

Abstract: The stability assessment of slopes is difficult because of many uncertainties. Possibilistic approach using fuzzy sets allows for a logical and systematic analysis of the uncertainties. In this paper an attempt has been made to present a new approach for the stability analysis of slopes incorporating fuzzy uncertainty. Uncertain parameters are expressed as fuzzy sets. A methodology has been presented in the study to process the fuzzy uncertainties in a slope reliability analysis. Fuzzy uncertainty is incorporated in the estimated probability of failure. A numerical example of the finite earth slope problem illustrates the methodology. The approach allows assessment of the likelihood that a particular slope section will have a higher failure probability than the failure probability of the ‘critical’ deterministic failure surface. more

102 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Shear wave velocity (V s) is one of the most important input parameter to represent the stiffness of the soil layers. It is preferable to measure V s by in situ wave propagation tests, however it is often not economically feasible to perform the tests at all locations. Hence, a reliable correlation between V s and standard penetration test blow counts (SPT-N) would be a considerable advantage. This paper presents the development of empirical correlations between V s and SPT-N value for different categories of soil in Chennai city characterized by complex variation of soil conditions. The extensive shear wave velocity measurement was carried out using Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) technique at the sites where the SPT-N values are available. The bender element test is performed to compare the field MASW test results for clayey soils. The correlations between shear wave velocity and SPT-N with and without energy corrections were developed for three categories of soil: all soils, sand and clay. The proposed correlations between uncorrected and energy corrected SPT-N were compared with regression equations proposed by various other investigators and found that the developed correlations exhibit good prediction performance. The proposed uncorrected and energy corrected SPT-N relationships show a slight variation in the statistical analysis indicating that both the uncorrected and energy corrected correlations can predict shear wave velocity with equal accuracy. It is also found that the soil type has a little effect on these correlations below SPT-N value of about 10. more

92 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper presents the results of static lateral load tests carried out on 1×2 , 2×2 , 1×4 , and 3×3 model pile groups embedded in soft clay. Tests were carried out on piles with length to diameter ratios of 15, 30, and 40 and three to nine pile diameter spacing. The effects of pile spacing, number of piles, embedment length, and configuration on pile-group interaction were investigated. Group efficiency, critical spacing, and p multipliers were evaluated from the experimental study. The experimental results have been compared with those obtained from the program GROUP. It has been found that the lateral capacity of piles in 3×3 group at three diameter spacing is about 40% less than that of the single pile. Group interaction causes 20% increase in the maximum bending moment in piles of the groups with three diameter spacing in comparison to the single pile. Results indicate substantial difference in p multipliers of the corresponding rows of the linear and square pile groups. The predicted field group be... more

87 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Chennai city suffered moderate tremors during the 2001 Bhuj and Pondicherry earthquakes and the 2004 Sumatra earthquake. After the Bhuj earthquake, Indian Standard IS: 1893 was revised and Chennai city was upgraded from zone II to zone III which leads to a substantial increase of the design ground motion parameters. Therefore, a comprehensive study is carried out to assess the seismic hazard of Chennai city based on a deterministic approach. The seismicity and seismotectonic details within a 100 km radius of the study area have been considered. The one-dimensional ground response analysis was carried out for 38 representative sites by the equivalent linear method using the SHAKE91 program to estimate the ground motion parameters considering the local site effects. The shear wave velocity profile was inferred from the corrected blow counts and it was verified with the Multichannel Analysis of Surface Wave (MASW) test performed for a representative site. The seismic hazard is represented in terms of characteristic site period and Spectral Acceleration Ratio (SAR) contours for the entire city. It is found that structures with low natural period undergo significant amplification mostly in the central and southern parts of Chennai city due to the presence of deep soil sites with clayey or sandy deposits and the remaining parts undergo marginal amplification. more

72 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2015-Aquatic Procedia
Abstract: Dams are mainly constructed of earth and rock-fill materials and hence they are generally referred to as embankment dams or fill-type dams. Earth-fill dams are simple structures which are able to prevent the sliding and overturning because of their self weight. Due to lack of suitable clay materials, sometimes the dams are designed as zoned core that is composed of three vertical zones including central impermeable core and two permeable shells on either sides of the core. A failure of earth dam is attributed to the following: hydraulic failure, seepage failure, piping through dam body and structural failure due to earthquake. The design and construction of an earth-fill dam is one of the key challenges in the field of geotechnical engineering, because of the unavoidable variation in foundation condition and the properties of the available construction materials. A homogeneous earth-fill dam should be designed with relatively flat slopes to reduce the risk of failure. The practical seepage problems are not easily convertible into an equivalent numerical counterpart because of the heterogeneity of the natural soils and the varying boundary conditions. The role of drainage system is also vital as it shifts the phreatic surface ensuring the safety of downstream toe. This paper presents the results of seepage and stability analyses of the considered earth dam using finite element method. The seepage analysis is divided into two categories viz. Steady state and Transient analyses. Based on the parametric sensitivity analysis, both the seepage and stability studies have brought out the importance of considering the coupled effects on the overall stability of the earth dam. It is concluded that the coupled analysis is a prerequisite for the design and performance evaluation of the earth dam under all conditions of seepage and stability. The study shows that increase in the Young's modulus of core and shell resulted in the decrease of the maximum crest displacement and the variation in angle of internal friction plays a vital role in the fulfilment of the overall stability criteria. The slope of 1 V:2.5H was adopted for both the downstream and the upstream sides. The factor of safety (FS) was greater than 1.6 for both the full (high) reservoir condition and low reservoir condition whereas, the FS values were found to be less than the stipulated values for the other stability considerations. more

37 citations

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Book ChapterDOI
Jeffrey S. Simonoff1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1996-
TL;DR: Exploring and identifying structure is even more important for multivariate data than univariate data, given the difficulties in graphically presenting multivariateData and the comparative lack of parametric models to represent it. more

Abstract: Exploring and identifying structure is even more important for multivariate data than univariate data, given the difficulties in graphically presenting multivariate data and the comparative lack of parametric models to represent it. Unfortunately, such exploration is also inherently more difficult. more

830 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: IAEG Commission No. 1—Engineering Geological Maps—is developing a guide to hazard maps. Scientists from 17 countries have participated. This paper is one of a series that presents the results of that work. It provides a general review of GIS landslide mapping techniques and basic concepts of landslide mapping. Three groups of maps are considered: maps of spatial incidence of landslides, maps of spatial–temporal incidence and forecasting of landslides and maps of assessment of the consequences of landslides. With the current era of powerful microcomputers and widespread use of GIS packages, large numbers of papers on the subject are becoming available, frequently founded on different basic concepts. In order to achieve a better understanding and comparison, the concepts proposed by Varnes (Landslide hazard zonation: a review of principles and practice, 1984) and Fell (Some landslide risk zoning schemes in use in Eastern Australua and their application 1992; Landslide risk assessment and acceptable risk. Can Geotech J 31:261–272, 1994) are taken as references. It is hoped this will also add to the international usefulness of these maps as tools for landslide prevention and mitigation. Six hundred and sixty one papers and books related to the topic are included in the references, many of which are reviewed in the text. more

283 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Kenneth Mellanby1Institutions (1)
01 Jun 1978-Nature
Abstract: Why Big Fierce Animals are Rare: An Ecologist's Perspective. By Paul Colinvaux. Pp.236. (Princeton University Press: New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1978.) $9.50. more

275 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
22 Mar 2020-Sustainability
Abstract: Earth-fill dams are the most common types of dam and the most economical choice. However, they are more vulnerable to internal erosion and piping due to seepage problems that are the main causes of dam failure. In this study, the seepage through earth-fill dams was investigated using physical, mathematical, and numerical models. Results from the three methods revealed that both mathematical calculations using L. Casagrande solutions and the SEEP/W numerical model have a plotted seepage line compatible with the observed seepage line in the physical model. However, when the seepage flow intersected the downstream slope and when piping took place, the use of SEEP/W to calculate the flow rate became useless as it was unable to calculate the volume of water flow in pipes. This was revealed by the big difference in results between physical and numerical models in the first physical model, while the results were compatible in the second physical model when the seepage line stayed within the body of the dam and low compacted soil was adopted. Seepage analysis for seven different configurations of an earth-fill dam was conducted using the SEEP/W model at normal and maximum water levels to find the most appropriate configuration among them. The seven dam configurations consisted of four homogenous dams and three zoned dams. Seepage analysis revealed that if sufficient quantity of silty sand soil is available around the proposed dam location, a homogenous earth-fill dam with a medium drain length of 0.5 m thickness is the best design configuration. Otherwise, a zoned earth-fill dam with a central core and 1:0.5 Horizontal to Vertical ratio (H:V) is preferred. more

203 citations

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Author's H-index: 14

No. of papers from the Author in previous years

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