Bio: G. Sankar is an academic researcher from PSG College of Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Foreign language & Language acquisition. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 23 publications receiving 42 citations. Previous affiliations of G. Sankar include VIT University & Vel Tech Dr.RR & Dr.SR Technical University.
TL;DR: Gitanjali as discussed by the authors is a collection of over 100 inspirational poems by India's greatest poet, Rabindranath Tagore, from the original Bengali, which won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
Abstract: Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was a significant contributor to the emerging history of Indian Literature in English. His famous work Gitanjali gave him worldwide recognition. It won him Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. It was appreciated for its creativity by W. B. Yeats, Ezra Pound and many other European critics. The songs in Gitanjali are the Poet’s meditation on God, Man and Nature. This work Gitanjali expresses his keen sense of observation, his lively curiosity, his humour, and humanity, his Philosophies of love, life and God. Tagore’s Gitanjali has been celebrated as a great poem on the divinity of love. Love lights the inner world of human feelings and sensibilities, and one of the oldest as well as Universal emotions and it is also the most complex and versatile of all emotions. The spirit of love is advocated by religions and celebrated in Literature. Apart from man - woman relationship, love between father and daughter, mother and son, man and God, has been a recurrent subject for Literature. The treatment of love in Indian Literature dates back to Classical Literature. Here, an attempt is made to analyse the theme of love in Tagore’s Gitanjali. “Gitanjali,” or Song Offerings, is a collection of poems translated by the author, Rabindranath Tagore, from the original Bengali. This collection won the Nobel Prize for Tagore in 1913. This volume includes the original introduction by William Butler Yeats that accompanied the 1911 English language version. Gitanjali is a collection of over 100 inspirational poems by India’s greatest poet.
TL;DR: The purpose of this study is to identify security risks in mobile banking and to provide an authentication method for mobile ban authentication.
Abstract: Context: The invention of mobile phones makes the human life easier. The purpose of this study is to identify security risks in mobile banking and to provide an authentication method for mobile ban ...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors evaluated learning and acquisition strategies used by second language learners of Engineering College students in Tamilnadu State and found that some learners become less successful in language learning while others become more successful.
Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate learning and acquisition strategies used by second language learners of Engineering College Students in Tamilnadu State. This study is a comparative investigation of learning and acquisition strategies of successful and less successful language learners. Why some learners become less successful in language learning while others become more successful is a common question in this area. Although there are many different reasons, one of them is related with “strategies” of the learners. The study presents an analysis of a research to capture second language learners’ learning strategies in terms of acquisition and learning. Two hundred and twenty undergraduate higher education students were participated in the study. They were grouped in two parts as “successful learners” and “less successful earners” learners. The learners’ levels were based on their scores on a standardized test administered at the beginning of their college. These findings have important implications for College Professors, School Teachers, instructors and program designers to develop and practice different language strategies in order to have more successful students. At the end of the study, some suggestions were submitted to foreign language learners and secondary language learners also.
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: The acronyms ESL and EFL stand for the learning of English as a Second and as a Foreign Language.
Abstract: In learning languages, a distinction is usually made between mother tongues, second languages, and foreign languages. (This sounds very basic and may insult the intelligence of your readers). The acronyms ESL and EFL stand for the learning of English as a Second and as a Foreign Language. Even though, the students want to learn languages , (these sentences lack coherence) (language problem and confused statements).
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: The Four Skill Assessment and Alternative Assessments are suggested remedies for improving the standard of English amongst the students.
Abstract: Language testing at any level is a highly complex undertaking that must be based on theory as well as practice. A language assessment system focusing only on Reading and Writing is outmoded and need to be modified, especially in this electronic era when the oral skills are dominating other skills. This paper analyses various techniques employed in language testing and examines the guiding principles of assessment. It investigates the assessment systems followed at CBSE, SSC, ICSE, IGCSE and the undergraduate levels. It advocates the urgency of assessing all the four skills which will be beneficial for students of different levels of intelligence. The Four Skill Assessment and Alternative Assessments are suggested remedies for improving the standard of English amongst the students.
01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: Second language acquisition research has been extensively studied in the literature as discussed by the authors, with a focus on second language acquisition in the context of English as a Second Language Learning (ESL) programs.
Abstract: Acknowledgements Introduction PART ONE - BACKGROUND Introduction 1. Second language acquisition research: an overview PART TWO - THE DESCRIPTION OF LEARNER LANGUAGE Introduction 2. Learner errors and error analysis 3. Developmental patterns: order and sequence in second language acquisition 4. Variability in learner language 5. Pragmatic aspects of learner language PART THREE - EXPLAINING SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION: EXTERNAL FACTORS Introduction 6. Social factors and second language acquisition 7. Input and interaction and second language acquisition PART FOUR - EXPLAINING SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION: INTERNAL FACTORS Introduction 8. Language transfer 9. Cognitive accounts of second language acquisition 10. Linguistic universals and second language acquisition PART FIVE - EXPLAINING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Introduction 11. Individual learner differences 12. Learning strategies PART SIX - CLASSROOM SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Introduction 13. Classroom interaction and second language acquisition 14. Formal instruction and second language acquisition PART SEVEN - CONCLUSION Introduction 15. Data, theory, and applications in second language acquisition research Glossary Bibliography Author index Subject index
01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a classification framework for mobile banking research based on 65 m-banking papers published between 2000 and mid-2010 in Information Systems (IS), technology innovation, management, and marketing journals, and major IS conferences.
Abstract: The increased prevalence of mobile phones provides exciting opportunities for the growth of mobile banking (m-banking). This paper reviews the emerging research literature on mbanking. It presents a classification framework for m-banking research based on 65 m-banking papers published between 2000 and mid-2010 in Information Systems (IS), technology innovation, management, and marketing journals, and major IS conferences. These papers are classified into five main categories: m-banking overview and conceptual issues, Features & Benefits of Mobile Banking, Current operating practices of commercial banks, Mobile banking/payment practices in Indian Commercial Banks and Challenges in India strategic, legal and ethical issues. It is expected that the comprehensive list of references and assessments presented in this paper will provide a useful anatomy of young m-banking literature to anyone who is interested in m-banking and help stimulate further interest.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors measured the impact of using banking services via mobile to effect on customer e-satisfaction and found that privacy and accessibility are more influential compared with the rest of the mobile banking dimensions.
Abstract: Recently, banking services begin via mobile appear on a large scale as has become one of the latest services offered by commercial banks in Jordan. So to make banking transactions via mobile, the researcher links banking service via mobile to effect on customer E-satisfaction, therefore, the customers are getting banking service on their own without the need for assistance by the bank employee. The Importance of the subject of mobile banking service and the importance of focusing on the service provided by the banks adopted, this study use seven dimensions that are very important to provide this service and they are: reliability, flexibility, privacy, accessibility, ease of navigation, efficiency, safety, where the aim of this study is to measure the impact of using banking services via mobile to effect on customer e-satisfaction. The study sample consisted of 360 customers from 400 who use banking services via mobile in the following banks: Jordan Ahli Bank, Union Bank, HSBC Bank, Capital Bank and has been tested hypotheses through simple regression, the results indicated that there is an effect of use mobile banking services to reach customer e-satisfaction. The results showed that there is a statically significant impact of the overall dimensions of mobile banking service on customer E-satisfaction and after performing a simple regression that Privacy and accessibility are more influential comparing of the rest of the mobile banking dimensions. The researcher recommended that the bank should give more time and effort to activate and develop mobile banking services to do many different banking transactions in order to reach a customer E-satisfaction.