Other affiliations: Ohio State University, Arc International, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory ...read more
Bio: G. Sundararajan is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topics: Coating & Microstructure. The author has an hindex of 46, co-authored 241 publications receiving 8402 citations. Previous affiliations of G. Sundararajan include Ohio State University & Arc International.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, a phenomenological mechanism for the formation of the alumina-based ceramic coatings during the microarc oxidation (MAO) process has been proposed and the surface features of the coatings were studied using scanning electron microscopy.
Abstract: Thick alumina coatings were synthesized on 7075 Al-alloy substrates through the microarc oxidation (MAO) route. Different oxidation times namely 1, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 30 min were employed and the coated samples were subjected to coating thickness and surface roughness measurements. Phase composition of the surface layers of the coatings was evaluated through X-ray diffraction. In addition, the surface features of the coatings were studied using scanning electron microscopy. Influence of coating time on the kinetics of coating formation, surface roughness, microhardness, number and size of the microarc discharge channels was investigated. On the basis of the experimental results, a phenomenological mechanism for the formation of the alumina-based ceramic coatings during the MAO process has been proposed.
TL;DR: In this article, the sliding friction and wear behavior of Al, Al-7075 and SiC particulate reinforced aluminium matrix composites (Al-SiC) were investigated under dry sliding wear conditions.
TL;DR: In this paper, a dense ceramic oxide coating approximately 100 mm thick was prepared on a 7075 Al alloy by microarc oxidation in an alkali-silicate electrolytic solution.
Abstract: A dense ceramic oxide coating approximately 100 mm thick was prepared on a 7075 Al alloy by microarc oxidation in an alkali-silicate electrolytic solution. Coating thickness and surface roughness (R ) were measured during coating formation. The a influence of current density, electrolyte temperature and inter-electrode distance on coating kinetics was investigated. Microstructure and phase compositions were analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The microhardness of the coating was also measured. The tribological performance of the coatings was evaluated using a dry sand abrasion test, a solid particle erosion test and a pin-on-disc sliding wear test. In addition, the results are compared to detonation-sprayed alumina (Al O ) coating and bulk Al O . The basic mechanism of microarc coating formation is explained. The material removal 23 2 3 mechanism during solid particle erosion was investigated, and structure–property correlations were established. 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors evaluated the sliding wear rate and the coefficient of friction of SiC particulate reinforced Al matrix composites as a function of volume of the SiC and showed that even 10% SiC to Al can prevent the transition from mild to severe wear in the load range used in the present experiments.
TL;DR: In this paper, a detailed examination of the subsurface regions beneath the worn surface and the debris was carried out to provide a deeper understanding of the wear behavior of Al-SiC particulate composites.
01 May 1993
TL;DR: Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems.
Abstract: Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently—those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers--the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and a 1840-node Intel Paragon performs up to 165 faster than a single Cray C9O processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.
31 Oct 2001
TL;DR: The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as mentioned in this paper is an independent organization devoted to the development of standards for testing and materials, and is a member of IEEE 802.11.
Abstract: The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an independent organization devoted to the development of standards.
TL;DR: This paper presents a critical review of recent achievements in the modification of ZnO photocatalyst for organic contaminants degradation and recommends improvements in the heterogeneous photocatalysis under UV/visible/solar illumination.
12 Mar 2014
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of reflectivity of the surface, when a pure, monochromatic laser (6) is used, is remedied by the simultaneous application of a relatively shorter wavelength beam (1).
Abstract: In the laser treatment of a workpiece (9), e.g. for surface hardening, melting, alloying, cladding, welding or cutting, the adverse effect of reflectivity of the surface, when a pure, monochromatic laser (6) is used, is remedied by the simultaneous application of a relatively shorter wavelength beam (1). The two beams (1)(5) may be combined by a beam coupler (4) or may reach the workpiece (9) by separate optical paths (not shown). The shorter wavelength beam (1) improves the coupling efficiency of the higher- powered laser beam (5).
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide an updated and comprehensive description of the development of the Electric Current Activated/assisted Sintering technique (ECAS) for the obtainment of dense materials including nanostructured ones.
Abstract: This review article aims to provide an updated and comprehensive description of the development of the Electric Current Activated/assisted Sintering technique (ECAS) for the obtainment of dense materials including nanostructured ones. The use of ECAS for pure sintering purposes, when starting from already synthesized powders promoters, and to obtain the desired material by simultaneously performing synthesis and consolidation in one-step is reviewed. Specifically, more than a thousand papers published on this subject during the past decades are taken into account. The experimental procedures, formation mechanisms, characteristics, and functionality of a wide spectrum of dense materials fabricated by ECAS are presented. The influence of the most important operating parameters (i.e. current intensity, temperature, processing time, etc.) on product characteristics and process dynamics is reviewed for a large family of materials including ceramics, intermetallics, metal–ceramic and ceramic–ceramic composites. In this review, systems where synthesis and densification stages occur simultaneously, i.e. a fully dense product is formed immediately after reaction completion, as well as those ones for which a satisfactory densification degree is reached only by maintaining the application of the electric current once the full reaction conversion is obtained, are identified. In addition, emphasis is given to the obtainment of nanostructured dense materials due to their rapid progress and wide applications. Specifically, the effect of mechanical activation by ball milling of starting powders on ECAS process dynamics and product characteristics (i.e. density and microstructure) is analysed. The emerging theme from the large majority of the reviewed investigations is the comparison of ECAS over conventional methods including pressureless sintering, hot pressing, and others. Theoretical analysis pertaining to such technique is also proposed following the last results obtained on this topic.