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Gabriella Santangelo

Bio: Gabriella Santangelo is an academic researcher from Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli. The author has contributed to research in topics: Apathy & Cognition. The author has an hindex of 43, co-authored 203 publications receiving 5897 citations. Previous affiliations of Gabriella Santangelo include University of Naples Federico II.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Having MCI was associated with older age at assessment and at disease onset, male gender, depression, more severe motor symptoms, and advanced disease stage, and future studies of patients with PD with MCI need to determine risk factors for ongoing cognitive decline and assess interventions at a predementia stage.
Abstract: Background: In studies of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Parkinson disease (PD), patients without dementia have reported variable prevalences and profiles of MCI, likely to be due to methodologic differences between the studies. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine frequency and the profile of MCI in a large, multicenter cohort of well-defined patients with PD using a standardized analytic method and a common definition of MCI. Methods: A total of 1,346 patients with PD from 8 different cohorts were included. Standardized analysis of verbal memory, visuospatial, and attentional/executive abilities was performed. Subjects were classified as having MCI if their age- and education-corrected z score on one or more cognitive domains was at least 1.5 standard deviations below the mean of either control subjects or normative data. Results: A total of 25.8% of subjects (95% confidence interval [CI] 23.5–28.2) were classified as having MCI. Memory impairment was most common (13.3%; 11.6–15.3), followed by visuospatial (11.0%; 9.4–13.0) and attention/executive ability impairment (10.1%; 8.6–11.9). Regarding cognitive profiles, 11.3% (9.7–13.1) were classified as nonamnestic single-domain MCI, 8.9% (7.0–9.9) as amnestic single-domain, 4.8% (3.8–6.1) as amnestic multiple-domain, and 1.3% (0.9–2.1) as nonamnestic multiple-domain MCI. Having MCI was associated with older age at assessment and at disease onset, male gender, depression, more severe motor symptoms, and advanced disease stage. Conclusions: MCI is common in patients with PD without dementia, affecting a range of cognitive domains, including memory, visual-spatial, and attention/executive abilities. Future studies of patients with PD with MCI need to determine risk factors for ongoing cognitive decline and assess interventions at a predementia stage.

646 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The findings revealed a functional disruption of the DMN in cognitively unimpaired patients with PD, in the absence of significant structural differences between patients and controls.
Abstract: Objective: Using resting-state (RS) fMRI, we investigated the functional integrity of the default-mode network (DMN) in cognitively unimpaired patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Methods: RS fMRI at 3 T was collected in 16 cognitively unimpaired patients with PD and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Single-subject and group-level independent component analysis was used to investigate differences in functional connectivity within the DMN in patients with PD and healthy controls. Statistical analysis was performed using BrainVoyager QX. In addition, we used voxel-based morphometry to test whether between-group differences in RS functional connectivity were related to structural abnormalities. Results: Patients with PD compared with controls showed a decreased functional connectivity of the right medial temporal lobe and bilateral inferior parietal cortex within the DMN. Although patients with PD were cognitively unimpaired, the decreased DMN connectivity significantly correlated with cognitive parameters but not with disease duration, motor impairment, or levodopa therapy. The analysis of regional volume differences did not reveal any differences in local gray matter between patients and controls. Conclusions: Our findings revealed a functional disruption of the DMN in cognitively unimpaired patients with PD, in the absence of significant structural differences between patients and controls. We hypothesize that a dysfunction of the DMN connectivity may have a role in the development of cognitive decline in PD.

271 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is used to identify non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subcortical dementia; it has high sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing MCI from mild Alzheimer's Disease.
Abstract: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening battery, also including subtests to assess frontal functions such as set-shifting, abstraction and cognitive flexibility. MoCA seems to be useful to identify non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subcortical dementia; it has high sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing MCI from mild Alzheimer’s Disease. Previous studies revealed that certain items of MoCA may be culturally biased and highlighted the need for population-based norms for the MoCA. The aim of present study was to collect normative values in a sample of Italian healthy subjects. Four hundred and fifteen Italian healthy subjects (252 women and 163 men) of different ages (age range 21–95 years) and educational level (from primary to university) underwent MoCA and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that age and education significantly influenced performance on MoCA. No significant effect of gender was found. From the derived linear equation, a correction grid for MoCA raw scores was built. Inferential cut-off score, estimated using a non-parametric technique, is 15.5 and equivalent scores were computed. Correlation analysis showed a significant but weak correlation between MoCA adjusted scores with MMSE adjusted scores (r = 0.43, p < 0.001). The present study provided normative data for the MoCA in an Italian population useful for both clinical and research purposes.

235 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 2013-PLOS ONE
TL;DR: A cluster analysis using data assessing both motor and non-motor symptoms in a large cohort of newly diagnosed untreated Parkinson’s disease patients confirmed the existence of different subgroups of early PD patients.
Abstract: Background: The variability in the clinical phenotype of Parkinson’s disease seems to suggest the existence of several subtypes of the disease To test this hypothesis we performed a cluster analysis using data assessing both motor and nonmotor symptoms in a large cohort of newly diagnosed untreated PD patients Methods: We collected data on demographic, motor, and the whole complex of non-motor symptoms from 100 consecutive newly diagnosed untreated outpatients Statistical cluster analysis allowed the identification of different subgroups, which have been subsequently explored Results: The data driven approach identified four distinct groups of patients, we have labeled: 1) Benign Pure Motor; 2) Benign mixed Motor-Non-Motor; 3) Non-Motor Dominant; and 4) Motor Dominant Conclusion: Our results confirmed the existence of different subgroups of early PD patients Cluster analysis revealed the presence of distinct subtypes of patients profiled according to the relevance of both motor and non-motor symptoms Identification of such subtypes may have important implications for generating pathogenetic hypotheses and therapeutic strategies

159 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that salmeterol is equally effective as, but longer-acting than, formoterol at clinically recommended doses in patients suffering from COPD, with severe airway obstruction.

155 citations


Cited by
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TL;DR: It is recommended that spirometry is required for the clinical diagnosis of COPD to avoid misdiagnosis and to ensure proper evaluation of severity of airflow limitation.
Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a major public health problem. It is the fourth leading cause of chronic morbidity and mortality in the United States, and is projected to rank fifth in 2020 in burden of disease worldwide, according to a study published by the World Bank/World Health Organization. Yet, COPD remains relatively unknown or ignored by the public as well as public health and government officials. In 1998, in an effort to bring more attention to COPD, its management, and its prevention, a committed group of scientists encouraged the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the World Health Organization to form the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Among the important objectives of GOLD are to increase awareness of COPD and to help the millions of people who suffer from this disease and die prematurely of it or its complications. The first step in the GOLD program was to prepare a consensus report, Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD, published in 2001. The present, newly revised document follows the same format as the original consensus report, but has been updated to reflect the many publications on COPD that have appeared. GOLD national leaders, a network of international experts, have initiated investigations of the causes and prevalence of COPD in their countries, and developed innovative approaches for the dissemination and implementation of COPD management guidelines. We appreciate the enormous amount of work the GOLD national leaders have done on behalf of their patients with COPD. Despite the achievements in the 5 years since the GOLD report was originally published, considerable additional work is ahead of us if we are to control this major public health problem. The GOLD initiative will continue to bring COPD to the attention of governments, public health officials, health care workers, and the general public, but a concerted effort by all involved in health care will be necessary.

17,023 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Representatives from many countries serve as a network for the dissemination and implementation of programs for diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD.
Abstract: Representatives from many countries serve as a network for the dissemination and implementation of programs for diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD. The GOLD Board of Directors is grateful to the many GOLD National Leaders who participated in discussions of concepts that appear in GOLD reports.

3,165 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: These diagnostic criteria will support future research efforts to identify at the earliest stage those PD patients at increased risk of progressive cognitive decline and dementia who may benefit from clinical interventions at a predementia stage.
Abstract: Mild cognitive impairment is common in nondemented Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and may be a harbinger of dementia. In view of its importance, the Movement Disorder Society commissioned a task force to delineate diagnostic criteria for mild cognitive impairment in PD. The proposed diagnostic criteria are based on a literature review and expert consensus. This article provides guidelines to characterize the clinical syndrome and methods for its diagnosis. The criteria will require validation, and possibly refinement, as additional research improves our understanding of the epidemiology, presentation, neurobiology, assessment, and long-term course of this clinical syndrome. These diagnostic criteria will support future research efforts to identify at the earliest stage those PD patients at increased risk of progressive cognitive decline and dementia who may benefit from clinical interventions at a predementia stage.

1,867 citations