Bio: Galina Bobrova is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Comparative law & Public law. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publication(s) receiving 7 citation(s).
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a number of general and particular problems of theory, legislation and practice of enforcement thereof pertaining to the criminal liability for crimes against the freedom of conscience, religion and interfaith consent.
Abstract: The relevance of the paper is associated with a poor theoretical framework and insufficient elaboration of many methodological and procedural questions of the freedom of conscience and religion under the contemporary conditions of Russia. With regard to this, the paper presents a number of general and particular problems of theory, legislation and practice of enforcement thereof pertaining to the criminal liability for crimes against the freedom of conscience, religion and interfaith consent. In Russia which is a multi-religious and multi-national country just like in the entire world, the current situation in freedom of conscience and freedom of religion is characterized as a crisis one, needing a way out as the right for the freedom of conscience and freedom of religion is one of the basic human and civil rights, the enforcement of which playing the pivotal part in the question of human rights as a whole. Disregarding the said right turns such notions as the “state of law” and “civic society” fictitious. The paper views questions associated with the freedom of conscience and religion as an object of criminal law protection: the problems of theory, legislation and law enforcement practice. The aspects of deliberately provocative actions against not only the religious feelings of believers but also the moral principles of the society as a whole have been revealed and analyzed in the work. The materials of the paper are of practical value for specialists in criminal law, social work, for higher education institution students, as well as to everyone interested in the problems of youth.
01 Jul 2014-Contemporary Sociology
TL;DR: Researching Non-Heterosexual Sexualities as mentioned in this paper provides a glimpse into the research world for the graduate student or new faculty interested in starting, or already engaged in, research of sexualities in many fields, including sociology, anthropology, geography and public health.
Abstract: work that qualitative research can often be, especially among researchers who come from similar backgrounds as their participants. Another strength lies in the chapters that are international in focus. The methodological concerns in the United States are not always the concerns in other parts of the world. Chapters bring in data and research experience from the United Kingdom, Australia, and Cyprus in particular. A number of chapters also cover intersecting areas of identities; two chapters focus on religious LGBTQ research and a number layer in racial and ethnic complexities. Perhaps both topics can be given greater space should future editions be planned—work emerging from Africa, Asia, or South America would be especially helpful to researchers interested in populations within these areas. Furthermore, examination of methodological concerns among non-heterosexual U.S. African American or Latino populations could also strengthen coverage of intersecting identities. Some drawbacks of the edited volume are present. First, there appear to be a number of typographical errors in the book’s introduction. Regardless, these errors do not detract from the larger mission of the book. Also, while subsequent chapters are accessible to advanced undergraduates and graduate students, the introductory chapter is written at a level that may alienate some readers. Lastly, greater efforts could be made toward trans-inclusive research methodologies (see for example Meier and Labuski’s Chapter Sixteen in International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality ). While transgender individuals are not necessarily nonheterosexuals, there are often sizeable proportions of trans people who also identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer, or other identities who also have specific research methodology concerns. Researching Non-Heterosexual Sexualities offers a nice glimpse into the world of research methods that your standard empirical journal article often does not. It is selfreflective and critical in the ways in which we do research in marginalized communities. While we may discuss these issues internally, at conferences, or in personal conversations, it is a welcomed breath of fresh air to hear others grapple with methodological concerns in the (relatively) open air of an academic anthology. This book is a ‘‘behind the veil’’ glimpse into the research world for the graduate student or new faculty interested in starting, or already engaged in, research of sexualities in many fields, including sociology, anthropology, geography, and public health.
TL;DR: In this article, Latenskaya et al. analyzed the political and legal consciousness of young people in view of a region against the background of the general standpoint of the Russian citizens and Russian youth in questions of the political or legal spheres.
Abstract: The paper deals with particularities of political and legal consciousness of young people in view of a region against the background of the general standpoint of the Russian citizens and Russian youth in questions of the political and legal spheres. The opinion of the young people and citizens of the country as a whole is evaluated based on the results of authors' sociological questionnaire surveys conducted in Jewish autonomous region and questionnaire surveys of the population of Russia conducted by Levada-Center and the Public Opinion Foundation. The political and legal consciousness in a social relations subject is formed under the effect of the entire complex of factors and is determined by the historical, political, economical and other conditions of the subject's life activity. In it, both the emotional and the rational, experience and traditions, moods and stereotypes are interweaved. While performing a number of regulatory, communicative etc. functions, the political consciousness is a kind of indicator that allows understanding, estimating the place and role of this or that subject (population as a whole, a social group, an individual) in politics. Legal consciousness is the most closely associated with the political one. It reflects political and economical interests, knowledge and evaluations of the laws, standards, social relations regulators accepted in the society. OPEN ACCESS 8982 E. LUTSENKO ET AL. Bangun & Lantu, 2014; Rajwani & Liedong, 2015; By & By, 2008). In this sense, it is essential that it is social subject who is the carrier of political and legal consciousness. The political consciousness reflects the political existence, it is an estimation of the opportunity to become a participant of political processes and events and the potential ambition to take part in them (Ward, 2012). Here the ideas about political rights and liberties, understanding of their being guaranteed and of the opportunity to use them can also be referred (Singleton & Straits, 2010). This is a view of the political system as a whole, unlike the legal self-consciousness which is determined by the legal regulation of social relationships (Peacock & Sherman, 2010). The political and legal consciousness influences the regulation of social processes (Spence,1980) and promotes consolidation of the society members on the basis of ideas and values prevailing in the social consciousness. From the viewpoint of social and demographic characteristics, the political and legal consciousness is a unique phenomenon (Bryman, 2012). It begins to form at a rather young age and is prone to change throughout the social subject's life (Biguenet & Schulte, 2010). Certain demographic characteristics associated with this process can hardly be identified, yet, nevertheless, it is youth that is a special social and demographic group in this case. The political and legal consciousness of this group is most actively being filled with images, values and attitudes due to the age-related particularities (Baker, 2011). At this age, the main task is the rise of identification, including the legal and political one. Against the background of separation from the parental family and ambition to be independent, the susceptibility to the ideological \"noise\" becomes dramatically stronger. Actually, a young person just cannot but accept whatever ideas – this is their critical need. The entire question lies in what sort of ideas and to what actions they are going to push the youth (Finn & Zimmer, 2012). On the other hand, the more passive and indifferent the modern youth will be to the political processes in society, the fewer chances the society has for development (Schilder, 1975). It is the young people that are the powerhouse of the future. This is why the authors turned to analyzing the political and legal consciousness of youth within this study.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore these aspects in the paper with the above title by comparison with the legislation and jurisprudence of Romania and close with conclusions and proposals on the penal protection of the freedom of manifestation of religious beliefs in Romania.
Abstract: In the democratic society where religious pluralism exists alongside atheism and indifferentism, a major challenge is to reconcile the freedom of manifestation of beliefs with the freedom of expression in the public space. The conciliation of the two terms of the Latin maxim “give each their due” and “do no harm to anyone” requires a balanced approach and skill. At European and national level too, efforts are made to enact norms that regulate the relations between religious and non-religious persons in the spirit of respect for freedoms but also in order to protect them. The Venice Commission is among the organisations that have focused on this issue. Through its opinions and the recommendations it has made, it has expressed points of view that have modified or complemented the legislation of certain European states in matters related to the protection of religious freedom, sometimes even through criminal law norms. At the national level, the decisions of the Constitutional Court of Germany are notable, as it has decided on several cases involving controversies due to the scope of the manifestation of the freedom of religious beliefs. I aim to explore these aspects in the paper with the above title by comparison with the legislation and jurisprudence of Romania. The present study will close with conclusions and proposals on the penal protection of the freedom of manifestation of religious beliefs in Romania.
TL;DR: The role of the institutional environment ensuring processes of the man inclusion in the market relations was determined in this paper, and the conceptual provisions aimed at the social filters theory development and the possibility of their use in the higher education services market operation in the region were justified.
Abstract: The main goal of this work is to reveal social filters in the system of assessing the higher education services market. On the basis of the institutional interpretation of market relations, mechanisms and features of asymmetries formation in the educational services market are investigated. The role of the institutional environment ensuring processes of the man inclusion in the market relations was determined. The conceptual provisions aimed at the social filters theory development and the possibility of their use in the higher education services market operation in the region were justified. The institutional interpretation of higher education services market. Conceptually, from the neoclassical economics viewpoint, any market can be presented as a price mechanism for supply and demand regulation, providing a balance through free competition between independent and rational market participants. Such an understanding of the market causes more and more debates and stimulates many alternative models design. The orthodox neoclassical theory was subjected to the most consistent criticism by the institutionalism, which resulted in developing the original independent economic theory. The most important difference between institutionalism and neoclassical theory is in the interpretation of the economic processes organization and regulation mechanisms.