21 Aug 2022
TL;DR: Song et al. as discussed by the authors proposed an integrated model of multiple stream, which uses joint tuning layers to encode temporal movement feature, high-level features of spectral and MFCC, and predict the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) values from speech signal.
Abstract: Depression is a serious mental disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. The prediction of depression level at early stage is significant. This paper focuses on predicting the degree of depression not just for judging depression based on audio signal. To induce dynamic temporal information of frequency domain, we proposed Audio Delta Ternary Patterns (ADTP) algorithm in the spectrogram feature space. Moreover, we designed an integrated model of multiple stream, which uses joint tuning layers to encode temporal movement feature, high-level features of spectral and MFCC, and predict the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) values from speech signal. Experiments on the AVEC2014 dataset show that our method performs better than some previous methods in predicting depression scores based on audio data.
04 Jun 2023
TL;DR: In this article , a low-rank and joint-sparse model is proposed to reduce the amount of sampled channel data of focused beam imaging by considering all the received data as a 2D matrix.
Abstract: Ultrasound plane wave imaging is widely used in many applications thanks to its capability in reaching high frame rates. However, the amount of data acquisition and storage in a period of time can become a bottleneck in ultrasound system design for thousands frames per second. In our previous study, we proposed a low-rank and joint-sparse model to reduce the amount of sampled channel data of focused beam imaging by considering all the received data as a 2D matrix. However, for a single plane wave transmission, the number of channels is limited and the low-rank property of the received data matrix is no longer achieved. In this study, a L
0 -norm based Hankel structured low-rank and sparse model is proposed to reduce the channel data. An optimization algorithm, based on the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM), is proposed to efficiently solve the resulting optimization problem. The performance of the proposed approach was evaluated using the data published in Plane Wave Imaging Challenge in Medical Ultrasound (PICMUS) in 2016. Results on channel and plane wave data show that the proposed method is better adapted to the ultrasound channel signal and can recover the image with fewer samples than the conventional CS method.