Gonzalo del Moral Arroyo
Other affiliations: University of Extremadura
Bio: Gonzalo del Moral Arroyo is an academic researcher from Pablo de Olavide University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Compassion fatigue & Attachment theory. The author has an hindex of 9, co-authored 26 publications receiving 208 citations. Previous affiliations of Gonzalo del Moral Arroyo include University of Extremadura.
TL;DR: It is suggested that indulgent style is the most protective parenting style against child-to-parent violence (CPV) and the importance of affective warmth, emotional nurturance, and support giving in preventing CPV is highlighted.
Abstract: The link between parenting style and violent behavior during adolescence has become a relevant topic of research over the last few years. In order to deepen the understanding of this relationship, the aim of the present study was to examine what type of parenting style (authoritative, indulgent, authoritarian, and neglectful) is more protective against child-to-parent violence (CPV). A total of 2112 adolescents of both sexes participated in this study (50.2% men and 49.8% women), aged between 12 and 18 years (M = 14. 72, SD = 1.55). A multivariate factorial design (MANOVA, 4 × 2 × 3) was applied using parenting style, sex, and age group (12–14, 15–16, and 17–18 years) as independent variables and dimensions of CPV (physical and verbal aggression against the mother and father) as dependent variables. As shown in the results, the lowest scores on all the dimensions of CPV examined corresponded to the adolescents from indulgent families. Further, two interaction effects were observed between parenting style and age in verbal aggression against the mother and verbal aggression against the father. Regarding these effects, the adolescents from indulgent families obtained the lowest scores in two of the three age groups analyzed (12–14 years and 15–16 years). In the 17–18 years group, adolescents from authoritative families obtained similar but lower values than those coming from families with an indulgent style of parenting. These findings suggest that indulgent style is the most protective parenting style against CPV and also highlight the importance of affective warmth, emotional nurturance, and support giving in preventing CPV.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present some suggestions and tips about how to organize qualitative information and write a scientific paper rigorously, in order to provide a framework that can serve as reference for other researchers to publish their own work.
TL;DR: In this article, a modelo de ecuaciones estructurales with the programa EQS was used to analyze the relationship between family, escuela, and carreras de traves del malestar psicologico and the autoestima social desde una perspectiva de genero in adolescentes mexicanos.
01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyzed the relationships between three development contexts -family, school and community-, and school violence, examining psychological distress and social self-esteem from a gender perspective in Mexican adolescents.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between three development contexts -family, school and community-, and school violence, examining psychological distress and social self- esteem from a gender perspective in Mexican adolescents. To test these relationships, 1,285 Mexican stu- dents between 12 and 18 years of age in secondary (n = 634) and high school (n = 651) were recruited. To analyze these relationships, Structural Equation Modeling With EQS was used. Results showed that famil- ial context is directly related to school violence, and that school and community context is indirectly relat- ed to school violence through social self-esteem and psychological distress. Finally, results and their pos- sible implications regarding gender are discussed.
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of 42 progenitores victimas de violencia filio-parental (VFP;18 padres and 24 madres) seleccionados by muestreo intencional teorico of two contextos: un centro de reforma de menores and un centre privado especializado en terapia de violence intrafamiliar.
Abstract: Objetivo.Conocer las teorias implicitas que utilizan los padres victimas de la violencia de sus hijos para explicar su inicio. Metodo.Se ha llevado a cabo un estudio cualitativo exploratorio siguiendo el metodo propuesto por la Teoria Fundamentada. La informacion fue obtenida a partir de seis grupos de discusion guiados por entrevistas semiestructuradas y analizada mediante ATLAS.ti 5.0. En total, participaron 42 progenitores victimas de violencia filio-parental (VFP;18 padres y 24 madres) seleccionados por muestreo intencional teorico de dos contextos: un centro de reforma de menores y un centro privado especializado en terapia de violencia intrafamiliar. Resultados. Los progenitores mantienen tres teorias para explicar el inicio de la VFP: (a) la teoria del alumno ausente, que alude al absentismo escolar como predictor de la conducta violenta; (b) la teoria del alumno consumidor, en la que el consumo de sustancias (alcohol, cannabis y cocaina) seria el factor antecedente; y (c) la teoria de la acumulacion de la tension, en la que se plantea la presencia de unos factores previos que contribuirian a incrementar el malestar (“rabia”) que antecederia el consumo abusivo de drogas y, posteriormente, la violencia hacia los padres. Conclusion. Los progenitores senalan que la VFP coincide con el comienzo de la etapa de educacion secundaria. Un aspecto comun a las tres teorias emergentes es que son factores distales y relacionados con el entorno que rodea a los adolescentes los principales desencadenantes de la VFP, quedando al margen variables relacionadas con la dinamica familiar.
01 Jan 1998
TL;DR: The authors presenta una obra de obligada lrctura for aquellos que ejercen su labor docente o se preparan para ella a las puertas del proximo millennio.
Abstract: El articulo ofreece una presentacion comentada del Informe presentado a la UNESCO por la Comision lnternacional sobre la Educacion para el siglo XXI, presidida por Jacques Delors. Se trata de una obra de obligada lrctura para aquellos que ejercen su labor docente o se preparan para ella a las puertas del proximo milenio.
01 Apr 2000
TL;DR: In this paper, Hatfield randomly matched incoming students at the University of Minnesota for a blind date and found that the one determinant of whether or not a couple liked each other and actually repeated their date was their physical attractiveness.
Abstract: A. Main Factors of Attraction 1. Physical attraction We would like to believe that beauty is only skin deep, and therefore, a trivial determinant of liking. Indeed, when asked what they looked for in a potential date, most people put physical attractiveness at the bottom of their list. Elaine Hatfield randomly matched incoming students at the University of Minnesota for a blind date. The students previously had been given a battery of personality tests. Intelligence, masculinity, femininity, dominance, submission, dependence, independence, sensitivity and sincerity had little effect on liking. The one determinant of whether or not a couple liked each other and actually repeated their date was their physical attractiveness.
31 Dec 2017
TL;DR: It is suggested that the parent–child relationships analyzed have a common pattern associated with personal and social well-being that coincide with a proposed third stage of indulgent parenting style.
Abstract: We propose a new paradigm with three historical stages for an optimal parenting style (i.e., indulgent parenting style), which extends the traditional paradigm of only two stages (i.e., authoritarian and authoritative parenting styles). The three stages concur, at the same time, in different environments, context, and cultures. We studied the third stage for optimal parent-child relationships through the offspring's personal and social well-being, with four adolescent samples from 11 to 19 years old (52.2% girls) from Spain (n = 689), the United States (n = 488), Germany (n = 606), and Brazil (n = 672). The offspring's personal well-being was measured through self-esteem (academic, social, emotional, family, and physical), while social well-being was measured with the internalization of self-transcendence (universalism and benevolence) and conservation values (security, conformity, and tradition). The parent-child parenting style was measured through parental warmth and strictness, and the adolescents' parents were classified into one of four groups (indulgent, authoritarian, authoritative, and neglectful). Remarkably, the greatest personal well-being was found for adolescents raised with higher parental warmth and lower parental strictness (i.e., indulgent), and the greatest social well-being was found for adolescents raised with higher parental warmth (i.e., indulgent and authoritative; p < 0.05 for all countries). Consistently, poorer personal well-being and social well-being were associated with less parental warmth (i.e., authoritarian and neglectful). Findings suggest that the parent-child relationships analyzed have a common pattern associated with personal and social well-being that coincide with a proposed third stage.