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Günay Özcan

Bio: Günay Özcan is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Tourism & Income distribution. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 8 publications receiving 10 citations.

Papers
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01 Mar 2016
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of liberalization of foreign trade on poverty and carry out analysis on Turkey were studied. But, the main question is with what way the outward oriented government policies applied will provide the maximum benefit in reducing poverty and what should be done to intensify poverty, while the anti-liberalist views suggest that liberalization will damage to poor peoples from many aspects.
Abstract: (ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONLiberalization of trade expresses the process of removing the direct and indirect barriers in front of international trade, increase in the foreign trade volume, foreign direct investments, and becoming widespread of transnational economic activities and multinational companies. This process is associated with becoming easier and cheaper of communication activities, changes in working conditions and, moreover, cultural change.In the form supporting the theory of classical economics foreseeing that economies, with opening to foreign countries, will reach higher production and consumption level, while liberalization paves the way for rapid growth in economic meaning, increasing the vulnerability of countries, it brought together with it the negative effects on poverty (Yanar and Sahbaz, 2013:5). According to the classical approach, liberalization of trade makes contribution to economic growth through factor prices. Developing countries are rich from economic point of view. Therefore, it is expected that free trade leads to higher wages. This situation leads poverty to decrease. However, it was seen that unqualified labor force remained the poorest. For example, while the wages of workers graduated from primary school rise with liberalization of trade, the wages of illiterate workers decrease (Winter, 2000: 32). In a large part of the world in less developed feature, besides liberalization of trade, as a result of financial integration that rapidly increases in especially 1990s, sensitivity and vulnerability against crises increased and crises caused a serious impoverishment. Increase of poverty in the world in absolute meaning and not being able to be corrected of income distribution among and within countries increased the worries and criticisms about liberalization Danisoglu, 2008:11).The subject matter of this study is to study the effects of liberalization of foreign trade on poverty and carry out analysis on Turkey. In the first part of study, the theoretical framework of the relationship between opening to foreign countries and poverty was examined In the part of application of study, emphasizing datasets and econometric method to be applied, model prediction and the results obtained will be evaluated. In the section of Conclusion, the findings obtained and policy suggestion will be discussed.2. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKThere is a close relationship between foreign trade and development. In the departments of economics, that economic development and international economics are under the same scientific branch shows that this interaction is so important. Although the subject of liberalization of foreign trade is discussed from many aspects, it is generally expressed that it plays a little role in struggle against poverty. Liberalization of trade provides many resources for coping with poverty and generally makes an influence through income distribution. For average income to increase, liberalization may be an indirect role. However, in a situation that is necessary to be known, most foreign trade reforms will absolutely injure somebody, leave them in a difficult position, or deepen poverty Even if while some reforms also increases national income in society, they may lead poverty to increase. Therefore, although the general opinion is open for liberalization of trade, the primary question is with what way the outward oriented government policies applied will provide the maximum benefit in reducing poverty and what should be done to intensify poverty (Mcculloch et al, 2001:22).The anti - liberalist views suggest that liberalization will damage to poor peoples from many aspects. For example due to the fact that trade reforms made in the developing countries and flexibility in wage decrease and that intersectorial labor force mobility are limited, they put forward that it will increase the poverty in the short term.Liberalization of trade reduces the demand to skillful labor force at the expense of unskilled one and, thus, disturbing income distribution, increases poverty. …

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
17 Dec 2020
TL;DR: Uluslararasi gundemde onemli bir yer tutan cevresel bozulmalarin kontrol altina alinmasi ekonomiler icin baslica problemlerden biri olmustur.
Abstract: Uluslararasi gundemde onemli bir yer tutan cevresel bozulmalarin kontrol altina alinmasi ekonomiler icin baslica problemlerden biri olmustur. Bu sebeple calismanin amaci cevre bozulmalarinda etkileri tartisilmakta olan kamu harcamalari ve terorizmin etkisini terorun yogun oldugu ulkelerde 2002-2017 donemleri arasinda incelemektir. Calismada panel ver analizi metotlarindan olan yatay kesit bagimliligi, homojenlik ve birim kok testleri uygulanmistir. Daha sonra nedensellik iliskisine bakilmistir. Elde edilen sonuclar panel genelinde terorizm ve kamu harcamalarinin cevresel bozulmalarin nedeni oldugunu gostermektedir. Ulke bazinda ise yine degiskenler arasinda nedensellik iliskisinin varligi tespit edilmistir.

2 citations

28 Dec 2018
TL;DR: Kuresellesme, yillar icindeki hizi ile ulkeler arasindaki bircok sonuclarinin yani sira esitsizlik ve gelir dagilimi uzerindeki etkileri konusunda da tartismalara neden olmaktadir.
Abstract: Kuresellesme, yillar icindeki hizi ile ulkeler arasindaki bircok sonuclarinin yani sira esitsizlik ve gelir dagilimi uzerindeki etkileri konusunda da tartismalara neden olmaktadir. Bu baglamda calismanin amaci yukselen ekonomilerde kuresellesme ve gelir dagilimi iliskisini incelemektir. Calismada kuresellesme ve gelir dagilimi arasindaki iliski, secilmis 7 Yukselen Piyasa ekonomisine ait 1994-2005 yillarini kapsayan veriler yardimi ile analiz edilmistir. Calismada panel veri analizi yontemlerinden Ortalama Grup (Mean Goup (MG)), Ortak Iliskili Etkiler (Common Correlated Effects (CCE)) ve Genisletilmis Ortalama Grup (Augmented Mean Group (AMG)) esbutunlesme tahmincileri kullanilmistir. Calismadan elde edilen bulgular, kuresellesmenin (ticari disa acikligin) gelir esitsizligi uzerinde pozitif etkisinin oldugunu isaret etmektedir. Sili ve Romanya, kuresellesmenin gelir esitsizligi uzerine pozitif etkilerinin tespit edildigi ulkelerdir. Diger ulkelerde ise istatistiki olarak anlamsiz bir iliski soz konusudur.

2 citations


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Journal ArticleDOI
30 Jun 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the long-term and short-term relationships between economic growth and trade liberalization for 13 transition countries in Europe, and found that there is a bidirectional causality between EXP and GDP.
Abstract: Purpose- In this study, the long-term and the short-term relationships between economic growth and trade liberalization for 13 transition countries in Europe were examined. Methodology- The dataset includes 303 observations from 1995 to 2016 for the variables of gross domestic product (GDP), export (EXP), import (IMP), gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), foreign direct investment (FDI) and human capital (HC). PLS Test, Pesaran (2004) CD-Test, Pesaran (2007) Unit Root Test, Swamy S Homogeneity Test conducted before causality and cointegration analysis. Dumitrescu & Hurlin (2012) Granger Panel Causality Test for short-term causality, and Westerlund ECM Panel Cointegration and PDOLS Estimator for long-term relationships analyses were employed. Findings- The short-term outcomes revealed that there is a bidirectional causality between (a) EXP and GDP, (b) GFCF and GDP, (c) FDI and GDP, (d) HC and GDP, and a unidirectional causality (e) from IMP to GDP. The long-term results show that (i) a 1% raise in EXP boosts GDP by 0.39%, (ii) a 1% raise in IMP boosts GDP by 0.11% (iii) a 1% raise in GFCF boosts GDP by 0.37% (iv) a 1% raise in FDI reduces GDP by 1.35%, (v) a 1% raise in HC boosts GDP by 0.54% in the long-term. Conclusion- Both in the short-term and the long-term trade liberalization has a positive impact on economic growth in mutual way between EXP, IMP and GDP as it is argued by the feed-back hypothesis.

10 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed the dynamic impact of international trade openness on poverty in Indonesia and found that in short run, trade openness does not have any significant impact on poverty, but in long run, it has significant impact in reducing poverty.
Abstract: This research aims to analyze the dynamic impact of international trade openness on poverty in Indonesia. Previous research shows different effects in every country. The data used are export import value, GDP, income per capita, open unemployment rate, and poverty rate during 1978-2015. VECM analysis shows that in short run, trade openness does not have any significant impact on poverty. However, in long run, it has significant impact in reducing poverty. IRF analysis concludes that poverty rate gave a positive response in the first two years, but negative in the third to every trade openness variable shock. Poverty rate shows the biggest negative response in the fifth year. According to FEVD analysis, trade openness does not give big contribution in affecting poverty rate during the first three years, but starts to show effect in the following seven, with the biggest in the ninth year. Keywords: Trade openness, poverty, VECM JEL Classifications: C10, F14, I32

10 citations