Gutema Imana Keno
Bio: Gutema Imana Keno is an academic researcher from Haramaya University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Likert scale & Public health. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 2 publications receiving 5 citations.
20 Apr 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigate the multifaceted influences of Facebook on youth's pattern of social life and find that Facebook is a social medium that discourages social bond in one way and encourages in the other way.
Abstract: In today’s world, it seems that social media and youngsters are destined for each other as both are young, fast paced and ever changing. It has become very challenging to cultivate and socialize youngsters with patterned social norms due to the influences of media like television and Facebook. Educators are challenged more seriously than ever before to teach youngster, as students are using Facebook at school and home. The aim of this study was to investigate the multifaceted influences of Facebook on youth's pattern of social life. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection were employed to collect the data. Questionnaire, interview schedule and key informant interviews were data collection tools used to collect the quatitative and qualitative data respectively. The study founded that, Facebook is a social medium that discourages social bond in one way and encourages in the other way. By networking peers online, it enhances strong affiliation among Facebook friends while by letting them ignore people who are nearby, it debilitates face to face to face personal interactions. Anonymous Facebook users can meet in ‘chat rooms’ and discuss on topics of their choices with the person they do not know before and this type of electronic friendship and interaction may grow up and leads to virtual physical face-to-face contacts. Facebook is therefore, a platform for youths to discuss and interact on the issues of mutual curiosity which could enhance and promote synchronization of friends on the one side and inflammatory rhetoric conflicts on the other side, which implies the inevitable and multidimensional influences of Facebook on the youth’s social life
TL;DR: In this article , a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire was used to assess students' satisfaction with the practices and implementation of non-regular education programs (NREPs) with particular regard to Haramaya University (HU), Ethiopia.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess students’ satisfaction with the practices and implementation of non-regular education programs (NREPs) with particular regard to Haramaya University (HU), Ethiopia. To achieve the aim of the study, an explanatory sequential mixed methods research design, which initially allows collecting quantitative data and then qualitative data for elaboration on the quantitative data, was used. The study used a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire for quantitative inquiries from 741-students belonging to different centres, and follow-up with 20 interview participants purposefully selected to elaborate those results in more detail. In the quantitative phase, four features were considered as predictors of students’ satisfaction with service quality: (a) academic issues, (b) administrative issues, (c) resources/facilities, and (d) assessment and feedback issues. In the qualitative follow-up, the semi-structured interviews outlined three major themes: (a) overall teaching-learning, (b) administrative and management issues, and (c) learning support facilities. The paper used descriptive statistics to interpret the quantitative data and thematic content analysis to interpret the qualitative data. The findings are presented sequentially following the order of the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data presented in the paper. The conclusions and relevant recommendations are also stated at the end of the paper.
24 Nov 2021
TL;DR: The Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) network aims to ascertain causes of child death in high child mortality settings (>50 deaths/1000 live-births) as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Background: Mortality rates for children under five years of age, and stillbirth risks, remain high in parts of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) network aims to ascertain causes of child death in high child mortality settings (>50 deaths/1000 live-births). We aimed to develop a “greenfield” site for CHAMPS, based in Harar and Kersa, in Eastern Ethiopia. This very high mortality setting (>100 deaths/1000 live-births in Kersa) had limited previous surveillance capacity, weak infrastructure and political instability. Here we describe site development, from conception in 2015 to the end of the first year of recruitment. Methods: We formed a collaboration between Haramaya University and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and engaged community, national and international partners to support a new CHAMPS programme. We developed laboratory infrastructure and recruited and trained staff. We established project specific procedures to implement CHAMPS network protocols including; death notifications, clinical and demographic data collection, post-mortem minimally invasive tissue sampling, microbiology and pathology testing, and verbal autopsy. We convened an expert local panel to determine cause-of-death. In partnership with the Ethiopian Public Health Institute we developed strategies to improve child and maternal health. Results: Despite considerable challenge, with financial support, personal commitment and effective partnership, we successfully initiated CHAMPS. One year into recruitment (February 2020), we had received 1173 unique death notifications, investigated 59/99 MITS-eligible cases within the demographic surveillance site, and assigned an underlying and immediate cause of death to 53 children. Conclusions: The most valuable data for global health policy are from high mortality settings, but initiating CHAMPS has required considerable resource. To further leverage this investment, we need strong local research capacity and to broaden the scientific remit. To support this, we have set up a new collaboration, the “Hararghe Health Research Partnership”.
TL;DR: Singer and Singer's Handbook of Children and the Media as mentioned in this paper was one of the first books to address the impact of media on growing children and children's education, and has been widely used in the literature.
Abstract: Handbook of Children and the Media Dorothy G. Singer and Jerome L. Singer, eds. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications, 2012. Tables, charts, indexes. 803 pp. $150.00 cloth. isbn: 978141298249"Sir, is this your bag?" The TSA agent looked serious. "Yes," I responded, surprised. As a frequent traveler, I have become adapt at moving smoothly through airport screening lines. Why was my laptop-free bag being searched? She reached in my bag and pulled out the second edition of Singer and Singer's Handbook of Children and the Media. To my amazement, she dropped the heavy 803-page hardcover onto a stainless steel examination table and began carefully swiping the inside pages for explosive residue. She told me the thick hardcover was blocking the x-ray machine's view of my bag's contents.This raises some questions. If a hardcover book is an outlier for our national airport security system, are the ideas it contains-frozen in ink and on paper- equally as troublesome? Or does this heavy book achieve its intellectually heavy goal "to review, through the contributions of research experts, the past and potential future impact of the electronic media on growing children" (p. 3). The answer is yes to both questions.The book meets its goal in part due to the skill, experience, and deep scholarly connections of the editors-Jerome and Dorothy Singer, the Yale-based husbandand- wife team who have been conducting and reviewing research on children's television since 1961, when former Federal Communications Commission chair man Newton Minnow called the medium a vast wasteland. The historical frame, which stretches back to media as cave drawings, is provided in the introduction as well as in each of three sections, containing, in all, thirty-five articles from sixty-four researchers. Short biographies, with research interests and university affiliations, appear for each, which makes it possible to spot that all but three writers come from the United States.Part 1is the largest and the most useful part of the book, with twenty-three articles loosely organized under the heading "The Popular Media as Educators and Socializers of Growing Children." Its buffet of themes have appeared throughout television-inspired discourse for the last sixty years, many massaged here, sans specifics, to account for new digital media. Many of the articles follow a similar pattern: they state that older children are spending vast amounts of time-seven hours and thirty-eight minutes per day, to cite Vicky Ridout's 2010 Kaiser Family Foundation survey-with various forms of media, and then they look at what this means from different angles. The well-worn media worries are present and accounted for, including video game violence (Anderson, Gentile, and Dill), reducing (or enhancing) creativity (Valkenburg and Calvert), food marketing (Battle Horgen, Harris, and Brownell), gender stereotyping (Signorielli), advertising (Kunkel and Castonguay), and drugs (Strasburger). …
29 Oct 2018
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discussed the political participation of new voters of WhatsApp users in the city of Medan in the governor election of Sumatra Province in 2018, and they used the theory of public sphere and contagion.
Abstract: This article discusses the political participation of new voters of WhatsApp users in the city of Medan in the governor election of Sumatra Province in 2018. The purpose of the study was to find out about the understanding of democracy and the level of political participation of new voters who use WhatsApp social media as a political discussion. Beginner voters are defined as community members who have the right to vote, aged 17-21 years or have/have been married and registered as a Permanent Voter List. In order to approach the research problem, this study uses the theory of public sphere and contagion. Public sphere is a digital space where critical, rational and objective discussion is transmitted to others. The problem in this study focused on how political participation of new voters who use WhatsApp in city of Medan in North Sumatra gubernatorial election 2018?. Can WhatsApp social media be considered a public sphere in the digital age? The results of the study show that the political participation of new voters of WhatsApp users has increased significantly but the understanding of democracy is co-opted in the politics of identity. Digital democracy is castrated by politics of identity because of the social situation, family environment, relatives and peers, the influence of the pulpit and the religious scriptures and ethnic communities. Then, WhatsApp social media is not a public sphere but 'mono sphere' or 'solo sphere' which is privatized as a limited discussion room with family, relatives, peers, friends of religion and ethnic friends.
••19 Oct 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors used a qualitative method with interviews as a data collection technique to find out and describe the construction of women's ecological sustainability in Jember, which includes water management, power management, transportation use, and waste management.
Abstract: The background of this research about environmental problems, such as loss of soil fertility, depletion of groundwater, river pollution, waste management, seem to be a phenomenon that is happening right now. Human dependence on nature is increasingly critical, but it is not balanced with an awareness of environmental preservation. The purpose of this research is to find out and describe the construction of women's ecological sustainability in Jember. This construction includes water management, power management, transportation use, and waste management. This study uses a qualitative method with interviews as a data collection technique. The informants of this study were selected from six villages in Jember, namely Karangrejo, Antirogo, Tegalgede, Kalisat, Sumbersari, and TegalBesar villages. This study uses a purposive method, especially housewives whose activities relate to these indicators. The results showed that women had limited knowledge construction about ecological sustainability. This construction develops based on daily experience and individual knowledge of the ecological preservation models around them. Therefore, household waste is often found scattered in the ecosystem.
TL;DR: Indo-Pacific has been used with increasing frequency since the beginning of this decade, and its increasing usage today is the recognition of India's strengths and its role in the region.
Abstract: The emergence of India in the 21st century completes the creation of a composite region which could best be described by the term 'Indo-Pacific'. Sitting atop strategic trade routes linking the West with East Asia, India is the fulcrum of a region spreading from Bab-al-Mandab and the Straits of Hormuz through the Malacca and the South China Sea to Australia and the Western Pacific. The wider Indo-Pacific region, spreading from India to the Western Pacific, is home to over 3.5 billion people, with a combined Gross Domestic Product of over $20 trillion. It has three of the four largest economies in the world, i.e., China, Japan and India, and a substantive part of the world's seaborne trade, including that required for food and energy security. With globalization and the consequent compression of geographic spaces, 'Indo- Pacific' has come to reflect contemporary reality, and become a good way of describing the region to which the global centre of gravity is shifting. As it assumes its rightful place in the comity of nations, India would provide balance and stability to this region which has historically been an area connected to it through trade and, more importantly, through the dissemination of its ideas.The first decade of the 21st century witnessed India growing at a remarkable pace. We are today in a period of pause before India takes another leap forward. Its people expect this, and the region requires it. India brings with it ideas that are unique to its genius, and which promote peace and harmony. It is this philosophical construct that is contained in the teachings of Lord Buddha, so subliminally intrinsic to the ethos of the region. It is this which encouraged Nehru to dream of 'cooperation in Asia-Pacific', an idea he promoted at the first Asian Relations Conference in March 1947, in New Delhi. It is this idea that informs the concept of Panch-Sheel, and it is this idea that Nehru took to Bandung. It is armed with this, and its considerable other strengths, that India joins the debate for the construction of the new architecture for the Indo-Pacific.The debate on the Indo-Pacific comes at a time of significant progress in India's 'Look East Policy', an important connect of India to the Asia-Pacific. It is understandable that this concept is assuming growing relevance with the rise of India, and the enhancement of India's engagement with the Asia- Pacific. This engagement is of particular importance when, in response to the changing geopolitics and its effects on the countries of the region and on their strategic priorities, Asian countries-including India-are trying to create networks addressing common challenges, and creating a regional architecture to promote growth and prosperity, peace and stability. This would be done best in an inclusive and holistic manner, and in a composite region represented by the Indo-Pacific.The term Indo-Pacific has been used with increasing frequency since the beginning of this decade, and its increasing usage today is the recognition of India's strengths and its role in the region. While speaking at Honolulu in October 2010, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton used it to describe 'a newly emerging integrated geographical and strategic reality'. In December 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh used the term during the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit, stating that ASEAN-India's 'future is inter-linked, and a stable, secure and prosperous Indo-Pacific region is crucial for our own progress and prosperity'. In its 2013 Defence White Paper, Australia mentioned the idea of the Indo Pacific, highlighting the strategic connections between the Indian and Pacific Oceans through trade routes and energy flows. ICWA held a seminar in March 2013 on the 'Indo-Pacific Region: Political and Strategic Prospects' in which similar ideas were articulated.Bound by the Himalayas in the north, India has naturally focused on the sea to enhance its connectivity, especially through the Indian Ocean which extends from the eastern shores of Africa in the west to Australia and the Pacific in the east. …