16 Jun 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, a hermeneutic literature review was conducted, followed by a content analysis of information literacy papers discussing content evaluation, and critical thinking papers from key authors were compared.
Abstract: Introduction. Information literacy and critical thinking are discussed as distinct concepts by authors in different disciplines. This paper seeks to analyse their conceptions to determine the extent to which they overlap, and identify areas for collaboration across disciplinary lines. Method. A hermeneutic literature review was conducted, followed by a content analysis of information literacy papers discussing content evaluation, and critical thinking papers from key authors. Analysis. Proportions of identified themes represented within the two groups of papers were compared. Similarities and differences were assessed in conjunction with findings from the hermeneutic literature review. Results. Though divergent in their basic underpinning skills, critical thinking and information literacy conceptions pertaining to content evaluation were found to be strongly overlapping in their broader conceptions. Modern pressures giving rise to content evaluation concerns such as the ‘fake news’ phenomenon suggest a need for strong sense conceptions, and an avenue for integration between information literacy and critical thinking when evaluating information. Conclusion. Taken in their strong sense, information literacy and critical thinking conceptions show a high degree of overlap. Engagement across disciplinary lines could offer an enrichment to both concepts.
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TL;DR: This paper explored the research literature relevant to the increasingly popular field of Inquiry Based Learning (IBL) practices in K-12 academic environments and highlighted the need for qualitative work focused on the efficacy of a growing student-centered learning models.
Abstract: This paper explores the research literature relevant to the increasingly popular field of Inquiry Based Learning (IBL) practices in K-12 academic environments. IBL is constructivist and student-centered (Barron & Darling-Hammond, 2008; Condliffe, Visher, Bangser, Drohojowska & Saco 2016; Duffy & Raymer, 2010; Kuhlthau, Maniotes, & Caspari, 2015), leveraging student motivation and engagement through its grounding in authentic, relevant study (Deci & Ryan, 2016; SaundersStewart, Gyles, Shore & Bracewell, 2015). Recent research shows positive academic and achievement gains for students engaged in IBL work and the practice is growing. Some educators are experimenting with variations of increasingly student-driven models that privilege student choice and autonomy, such as 20% time or genius hour (Krebs & Zvi, 2015), passion-based learning (Maiers & Sandvold, 2010), and personalized learning (Bray & McClaskey, 2016). We name these more student-autonomous frameworks Student Driven Inquiry (SDI) models. The argument here is for qualitative research on the learner experience of these more recent SDI models in order to glean a more holistic understanding of the outcomes beyond grades and test scores. An examination of the recent literature on inquiry based learning, information literacy and student motivation demonstrates the need for qualitative work focused on the efficacy of a growing highly student-centered learning models.
TL;DR: This paper revealed the impact of media and information literacy (MIL) on acquiring critical thinking skills by the students of the educational faculty, and found that students had an acceptable degree of critical thinking skill to understand and criticize media contents by (81 %).
Abstract: This study reveals the impact of media and information literacy (MIL) on acquiring critical thinking skills by the students of the Educational faculty. The study’s sample comprised (134) students, and its tool was a questionnaire comprising (20) items containing various media contents published on several social networking sites: Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. The findings show that students had an acceptable degree of critical thinking skill to understand and criticize media contents by (81 %). The study also stated that the most difficult media messages to interpret were those that include misleading content due to spelling errors or because of confusion between wit and abuse by (80 %), and the easiest to distinguish were those that include explicit words or expressions by (99.5 %). Considering the results, the researcher recommended conducting more scientific research on media and information literacy and its educational applications.