Author

# Hassan K. Khalil

Other affiliations: Ford Motor Company, National Chiao Tung University, Centre national de la recherche scientifique ...read more

Bio: Hassan K. Khalil is an academic researcher from Michigan State University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Nonlinear system & Nonlinear control. The author has an hindex of 57, co-authored 284 publication(s) receiving 15992 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Hassan K. Khalil include Ford Motor Company & National Chiao Tung University.

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01 Jan 1986

TL;DR: This SIAM Classics edition of the 1986 book, the original text is reprinted in its entirety (along with a new preface), providing once again the theoretical foundation for representative control applications.

Abstract: From the Publisher:
Singular perturbations and time-scale techniques were introduced to control engineering in the late 1960s and have since become common tools for the modeling, analysis, and design of control systems. In this SIAM Classics edition of the 1986 book, the original text is reprinted in its entirety (along with a new preface), providing once again the theoretical foundation for representative control applications.
This book continues to be essential in many ways. It lays down the foundation of singular perturbation theory for linear and nonlinear systems, it presents the methodology in a pedagogical way that is not available anywhere else, and it illustrates the theory with many solved examples, including various physical examples and applications. So while new developments may go beyond the topics covered in this book, they are still based on the methodology described here, which continues to be their common starting point.
Audience
Control engineers and graduate students who seek an introduction to singular perturbation methods in control will find this text useful. The book also provides research workers with sketches of problems in the areas of robust, adaptive, stochastic, and nonlinear control. No previous knowledge of singular perturbation techniques is assumed.
About the Authors
Petar Kokotovic is Director of the Center for Control Engineering and Computation at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Hassan K. Khalil is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Michigan State University. John O'Reilly is Professor of Electronics and Electrical Engineering at the University of Glasgow, Scotland.

2,328 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, an observer-based controller is designed to stabilize a fully linearizable nonlinear system, where the system is assumed to be left-invertible and minimum-phase.

Abstract: An observer-based controller is designed to stabilize a fully linearizable nonlinear system. The system is assumed to be left-invertible and minimum-phase. The controller is robust to uncertainties in modelling the nonlinearities of the system. The design of the controller and the stability analysis employs the techniques of singular perturbations. A new ‘Tikhonov-like’ theorem is presented and used to analyse the system when the control is globally bounded.

752 citations

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TL;DR: This talk is a brief introduction to high-gain observers in nonlinear feedback control, with emphasis on the peaking phenomenon and the role of control saturation in dealing with it.

Abstract: In this document, we present the main ideas and results concerning high-gain observers and some of their applications in control. The introduction gives a brief history of the topic. Then, a motivating second-order example is used to illustrate the key features of high-gain observers and their use in feedback control. This is followed by a general presentation of high-gain-observer theory in a unified framework that accounts for modeling uncertainty, as well as measurement noise. The paper concludes by discussing the use of high-gain observers in the robust control of minimum-phase nonlinear systems.

659 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that the performance of a globally bounded partial state feedback control of an input-output linearizable system can be recovered by a sufficiently fast high-gain observer.

Abstract: It is shown that the performance of a globally bounded partial state feedback control of a certain class of nonlinear systems can be recovered by a sufficiently fast high-gain observer. The performance recovery includes recovery of asymptotic stability of the origin, the region of attraction, and trajectories.

631 citations

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TL;DR: It is proved, via asymptotic analysis, that when the speed of the high-gain observer is sufficiently high, the adaptive output feedback controller recovers the performance achieved under the state feedback one.

Abstract: We consider a single-input-single-output nonlinear system which can be represented globally by an input-output model. The system is input-output linearizable by feedback and is required to satisfy a minimum phase condition. The nonlinearities are not required to satisfy any global growth condition. The model depends linearly on unknown parameters which belong to a known compact convex set. We design a semiglobal adaptive output feedback controller which ensures that the output of the system tracks any given reference signal which is bounded and has bounded derivatives up to the nth order, where n is the order of the system. The reference signal and its derivatives are assumed to belong to a known compact set. It is also assumed to be sufficiently rich to satisfy a persistence of excitation condition. The design process is simple. First we assume that the output and its derivatives are available for feedback and design the adaptive controller as a state feedback controller in appropriate coordinates. Then we saturate the controller outside a domain of interest and use a high-gain observer to estimate the derivatives of the output. We prove, via asymptotic analysis, that when the speed of the high-gain observer is sufficiently high, the adaptive output feedback controller recovers the performance achieved under the state feedback one.

569 citations

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TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.

Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

30,199 citations

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01 Jan 1994

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a brief history of LMIs in control theory and discuss some of the standard problems involved in LMIs, such as linear matrix inequalities, linear differential inequalities, and matrix problems with analytic solutions.

Abstract: Preface 1. Introduction Overview A Brief History of LMIs in Control Theory Notes on the Style of the Book Origin of the Book 2. Some Standard Problems Involving LMIs. Linear Matrix Inequalities Some Standard Problems Ellipsoid Algorithm Interior-Point Methods Strict and Nonstrict LMIs Miscellaneous Results on Matrix Inequalities Some LMI Problems with Analytic Solutions 3. Some Matrix Problems. Minimizing Condition Number by Scaling Minimizing Condition Number of a Positive-Definite Matrix Minimizing Norm by Scaling Rescaling a Matrix Positive-Definite Matrix Completion Problems Quadratic Approximation of a Polytopic Norm Ellipsoidal Approximation 4. Linear Differential Inclusions. Differential Inclusions Some Specific LDIs Nonlinear System Analysis via LDIs 5. Analysis of LDIs: State Properties. Quadratic Stability Invariant Ellipsoids 6. Analysis of LDIs: Input/Output Properties. Input-to-State Properties State-to-Output Properties Input-to-Output Properties 7. State-Feedback Synthesis for LDIs. Static State-Feedback Controllers State Properties Input-to-State Properties State-to-Output Properties Input-to-Output Properties Observer-Based Controllers for Nonlinear Systems 8. Lure and Multiplier Methods. Analysis of Lure Systems Integral Quadratic Constraints Multipliers for Systems with Unknown Parameters 9. Systems with Multiplicative Noise. Analysis of Systems with Multiplicative Noise State-Feedback Synthesis 10. Miscellaneous Problems. Optimization over an Affine Family of Linear Systems Analysis of Systems with LTI Perturbations Positive Orthant Stabilizability Linear Systems with Delays Interpolation Problems The Inverse Problem of Optimal Control System Realization Problems Multi-Criterion LQG Nonconvex Multi-Criterion Quadratic Problems Notation List of Acronyms Bibliography Index.

10,744 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a state-of-the-art survey of ANN applications in forecasting and provide a synthesis of published research in this area, insights on ANN modeling issues, and future research directions.

Abstract: Interest in using artificial neural networks (ANNs) for forecasting has led to a tremendous surge in research activities in the past decade. While ANNs provide a great deal of promise, they also embody much uncertainty. Researchers to date are still not certain about the effect of key factors on forecasting performance of ANNs. This paper presents a state-of-the-art survey of ANN applications in forecasting. Our purpose is to provide (1) a synthesis of published research in this area, (2) insights on ANN modeling issues, and (3) the future research directions.

3,320 citations

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01 Jan 2003

2,810 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed arbitrary-order robust exact differentiators with finite-time convergence, which can be used to keep accurate a given constraint and feature theoretically-infinite-frequency switching.

Abstract: Being a motion on a discontinuity set of a dynamic system, sliding mode is used to keep accurately a given constraint and features theoretically-infinite-frequency switching. Standard sliding modes provide for finite-time convergence, precise keeping of the constraint and robustness with respect to internal and external disturbances. Yet the relative degree of the constraint has to be 1 and a dangerous chattering effect is possible. Higher-order sliding modes preserve or generalize the main properties of the standard sliding mode and remove the above restrictions. r-Sliding mode realization provides for up to the rth order of sliding precision with respect to the sampling interval compared with the first order of the standard sliding mode. Such controllers require higher-order real-time derivatives of the outputs to be available. The lacking information is achieved by means of proposed arbitrary-order robust exact differentiators with finite-time convergence. These differentiators feature optimal asymptot...

2,513 citations