scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Author

Hélène C. F. Côté

Bio: Hélène C. F. Côté is an academic researcher from University of British Columbia. The author has contributed to research in topics: Mitochondrial DNA & Population. The author has an hindex of 33, co-authored 97 publications receiving 3445 citations. Previous affiliations of Hélène C. F. Côté include Centre for Blood Research & Providence Health Care.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Symptomatic hyperlactatemia was associated with marked reductions in the ratios of mitochondrial to nuclear DNA, which, during therapy, averaged 68 percent lower than those of non-HIV-infected controls and 43 percent lower Than those of HIV- infected asymptomatic patients never treated with antiretroviral drugs.
Abstract: Background Nucleoside analogues can induce toxic effects on mitochondria by inhibiting the human DNA polymerase γ. The toxic effects can range from increased serum lactate levels to potentially fatal lactic acidosis. We studied changes in mitochondrial DNA relative to nuclear DNA in the peripheral-blood cells of patients with symptomatic, nucleoside-induced hyperlactatemia. Methods Total DNA was extracted from blood cells. A nuclear gene and a mitochondrial gene were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Three groups were studied: 24 controls not infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 47 HIV-infected asymptomatic patients who had never been treated with antiretroviral drugs, and 8 HIV-infected patients who were receiving antiretroviral drugs and had symptomatic hyperlactatemia. The patients in the last group were studied longitudinally before, during, and after antiretroviral therapy. Results Symptomatic hyperlactatemia was associated with marked reductions in the ratios of mit...

585 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the X-ray crystallographic structure of the 30 kDa globular C terminus of the γ chain of human fibrinogen has been determined in one crystal form using multiple isomorphous replacement methods.

199 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that stavudine administration has potent effects on insulin sensitivity among healthy subjects and further studies are necessary to determine whether changes in mtDNA resulting from stavUDine contribute to effects on diabetes sensitivity.
Abstract: Mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), specifically stavudine, are known to alte...

155 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The polymerization pocket has been identified by determining the crystal structure of a 30-kDa C-terminal fragment of the fibrin(ogen) gamma chain complexed with the peptide Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro, which mimics the N terminus of the alpha chain of fibrIn.
Abstract: After vascular injury, a cascade of serine protease activations leads to the conversion of the soluble fibrinogen molecule into fibrin. The fibrin monomers then polymerize spontaneously and noncovalently to form a fibrin gel. The primary interaction of this polymerization reaction is between the newly exposed N-terminal Gly-Pro-Arg sequence of the α chain of one fibrin molecule and the C-terminal region of a γ chain of an adjacent fibrin(ogen) molecule. In this report, the polymerization pocket has been identified by determining the crystal structure of a 30-kDa C-terminal fragment of the fibrin(ogen) γ chain complexed with the peptide Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro. This peptide mimics the N terminus of the α chain of fibrin. The conformational change in the protein upon binding the peptide is subtle, with electrostatic interactions primarily mediating the association. This is consistent with biophysical experiments carried out over the last 50 years on this fundamental polymerization reaction.

150 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Three human immunodeficiency virus protease cleavage sites within gag showed considerable in vivo evolution before and after therapy with indinavir, ritonavir, and/or saquinavir.
Abstract: We examined the prevalence of cleavage site mutations, both within and outside the gag region, in 28 protease inhibitor (PI) cross-resistant patients treated with indinavir, ritonavir, and/or saquinavir compared to control patients treated with reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Three human immunodeficiency virus protease cleavage sites within gag (p2/NC, NC/p1, and NC/TFP) showed considerable in vivo evolution before and after therapy with indinavir, ritonavir, and/or saquinavir. Another gag cleavage site (p1/p6gag) showed a trend compared to matched controls. The other eight recognized cleavage sites showed relatively little difference between PI-resistant cases and controls. An A→V substitution at the P2 position of the NC/p1 and NC/TFP cleavage sites was the most common (29%) change selected by the PIs used in this study.

145 citations


Cited by
More filters
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: The using multivariate statistics is universally compatible with any devices to read, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of the authors' books like this one.
Abstract: Thank you for downloading using multivariate statistics. As you may know, people have look hundreds times for their favorite novels like this using multivariate statistics, but end up in infectious downloads. Rather than reading a good book with a cup of tea in the afternoon, instead they juggled with some harmful bugs inside their laptop. using multivariate statistics is available in our digital library an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. Our books collection saves in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Merely said, the using multivariate statistics is universally compatible with any devices to read.

14,604 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The research agenda for the future includes establishing the role of insulin resistance and abnormal lipoprotein metabolism in NASH, determining the pathogenesis of cellular injury, defining predisposing genetic abnormalities, identifying better noninvasive predictors of disease, and defining effective therapy.

2,134 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper reviews the P. pastoris expression system: how it was developed, how it works, and what proteins have been produced and describes new promoters and auxotrophic marker/host strain combinations which extend the usefulness of the system.
Abstract: During the past 15 years, the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris has developed into a highly successful system for the production of a variety of heterologous proteins. The increasing popularity of this particular expression system can be attributed to several factors, most importantly: (1) the simplicity of techniques needed for the molecular genetic manipulation of P. pastoris and their similarity to those of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, one of the most well-characterized experimental systems in modern biology; (2) the ability of P. pastoris to produce foreign proteins at high levels, either intracellularly or extracellularly; (3) the capability of performing many eukaryotic post-translational modifications, such as glycosylation, disulfide bond formation and proteolytic processing; and (4) the availability of the expression system as a commercially available kit. In this paper, we review the P. pastoris expression system: how it was developed, how it works, and what proteins have been produced. We also describe new promoters and auxotrophic marker/host strain combinations which extend the usefulness of the system.

2,048 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In addition to its primary role of providing scaffolding for the intravascular thrombus and also accounting for important clot viscoelastic properties, fibrin(ogen) participates in other biologic functions involving unique binding sites, some of which become exposed as a consequence of fibrIn formation.

1,489 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Panel proposes to identify SAMS by symptoms typical of statin myalgia and their temporal association with discontinuation and response to repetitive statin re-challenge, and recommends the use of a maximally tolerated statin dose combined with non-statin lipid-lowering therapies to attain recommended low-density lipoprotein cholesterol targets.
Abstract: Statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) are one of the principal reasons for statin non-adherence and/or discontinuation, contributing to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) Consensus Panel overviews current understanding of the pathophysiology of statin-associated myopathy, and provides guidance for diagnosis and management of SAMS. Statin-associated myopathy, with significant elevation of serum creatine kinase (CK), is a rare but serious side effect of statins, affecting 1 per 1000 to 1 per 10 000 people on standard statin doses. Statin-associated muscle symptoms cover a broader range of clinical presentations, usually with normal or minimally elevated CK levels, with a prevalence of 7–29% in registries and observational studies. Preclinical studies show that statins decrease mitochondrial function, attenuate energy production, and alter muscle protein degradation, thereby providing a potential link between statins and muscle symptoms; controlled mechanistic and genetic studies in humans are necessary to further understanding. The Panel proposes to identify SAMS by symptoms typical of statin myalgia (i.e. muscle pain or aching) and their temporal association with discontinuation and response to repetitive statin re-challenge. In people with SAMS, the Panel recommends the use of a maximally tolerated statin dose combined with non-statin lipid-lowering therapies to attain recommended low-density lipoprotein cholesterol targets. The Panel recommends a structured work-up to identify individuals with clinically relevant SAMS generally to at least three different statins, so that they can be offered therapeutic regimens to satisfactorily address their cardiovascular risk. Further research into the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms may offer future therapeutic potential.

988 citations