Other affiliations: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Czech Technical University in Prague, Jean Monnet University ...read more
Bio: Herve Liebgott is an academic researcher from Claude Bernard University Lyon 1. The author has contributed to research in topics: Motion estimation & Imaging phantom. The author has an hindex of 34, co-authored 187 publications receiving 3005 citations. Previous affiliations of Herve Liebgott include Centre national de la recherche scientifique & Czech Technical University in Prague.
Papers published on a yearly basis
••01 Sep 2016
TL;DR: PICMUS, the Plane-Wave Imaging Challenge in Medical Ultrasound aims to provide tools to compensate for the lack of transmit focusing in plane-Wave imaging, and its motivation, implementation, and metrics.
Abstract: Plane-Wave imaging enables very high frame rates, up to several thousand frames per second. Unfortunately the lack of transmit focusing leads to reduced image quality, both in terms of resolution and contrast. Recently, numerous beamforming techniques have been proposed to compensate for this effect, but comparing the different methods is difficult due to the lack of appropriate tools. PICMUS, the Plane-Wave Imaging Challenge in Medical Ultrasound aims to provide these tools. This paper describes the PICMUS challenge, its motivation, implementation, and metrics.
TL;DR: This paper proposes to perform and assess CS reconstruction of channel RF data using the recently introduced wave atoms  representation, which exhibit advantageous properties for sparsely representing such oscillatory patterns and shows the superiority of the wave atom representation.
Abstract: Compressive sensing (CS) theory makes it possible – under certain assumptions – to recover a signal or an image sampled below the Nyquist sampling limit. In medical ultrasound imaging, CS could allow lowering the amount of acquired data needed to reconstruct the echographic image. CS thus offers the perspective of speeding up echographic acquisitions and could have many applications, e.g. triplex acquisitions for CFM/B-mode/Doppler imaging, high-frame-rate echocardiography, 3D imaging using matrix probes, etc. The objective of this paper is to study the feasibility of CS for the reconstruction of channel RF data, i.e. the 2D set of raw RF lines gathered at the receive elements. Successful application of CS implies selecting a representation basis where the data to be reconstructed have a sparse expansion. Because they consist mainly in warped oscillatory patterns, channel RF data do not easily lend themselves to a sparse representation and thus represent a specific challenge. Within this perspective, we propose to perform and assess CS reconstruction of channel RF data using the recently introduced wave atoms  representation, which exhibit advantageous properties for sparsely representing such oscillatory patterns. Reconstructions obtained using wave atoms are compared with the reconstruction performed with two conventional representation bases, namely Fourier and Daubechies wavelets. The first experiment was conducted on simulated channel RF data acquired from a numerical cyst phantom. The quality of the reconstructions was quantified through the mean absolute error at varying subsampling rates by removing 50–90% of the original samples. The results obtained for channel RF data reconstruction yield error ranges of [0.6–3.0] × 10−2, [0.2–2.6] × 10−2, [0.1–1.5] × 10−2, for wavelets, Fourier and wave atoms respectively. The error ranges observed for the associated beamformed log-envelope images are [2.4–20.6] dB, [1.1–12.2] dB, and [0.5–8.8 dB] using wavelets, Fourier, and wave atoms, respectively. These results thus show the superiority of the wave atom representation and the feasibility of CS for the reconstruction of US RF data. The second experiment aimed at showing the experimental feasibility of the method proposed using a data set acquired by imaging a general-purpose phantom (CIRS Model 054GS) using an Ultrasonix MDP scanner. The reconstruction was performed by removing 80% of the initial samples and using wave atoms. The reconstructed image was found to reliably preserve the speckle structure and was associated with an error of 5.5 dB.
TL;DR: Simulation results obtained in four image modalities and with different models show that VIP is versatile and robust enough to support large simulations.
Abstract: This paper presents the Virtual Imaging Platform (VIP), a platform accessible at http://vip.creatis.insa-lyon.fr to facilitate the sharing of object models and medical image simulators, and to provide access to distributed computing and storage resources. A complete overview is presented, describing the ontologies designed to share models in a common repository, the workιow template used to integrate simulators, and the tools and strategies used to exploit computing and storage resources. Simulation results obtained in four image modalities and with different models show that VIP is versatile and robust enough to support large simulations. The platform currently has 200 registered users who consumed 33 years of CPU time in 2011.
TL;DR: A new sparse-array design technique with irregular element positioning is proposed, which significantly reduces the number of active elements as well as the grating-lobe level and introduces a new cost function for optimizing the weighting coefficients of the elements and a new annealing-based algorithm to compute the lowest cost solutions.
Abstract: Three-dimensional imaging with 2-D matrix probes is one of the most exciting recent ultrasound innovations. Unfortunately, the number of elements of a 2-D matrix probe is often very high, and reducing this number deteriorates the beam properties. In this paper, we propose a new sparse-array design technique with irregular element positioning, which significantly reduces the number of active elements as well as the grating-lobe level. In particular, we introduce a new cost function for optimizing the weighting coefficients of the elements and a new annealing-based algorithm to compute the lowest cost solutions. Numerical simulations show substantial improvements over standard sparse arrays.
TL;DR: Experimental evidence that a new strategy to reduce the number of emitted PWs by learning a compounding operation from data is promising, as it was able to produce high-quality images from only three PWs, competing in terms of contrast ratio and lateral resolution with the standard compounding of 31 PWs.
Abstract: Single plane wave (PW) imaging produces ultrasound images of poor quality at high frame rates (ultrafast). High-quality PW imaging usually relies on the coherent compounding of several successive steered emissions (typically more than ten), which in turn results in a decreased frame rate. We propose a new strategy to reduce the number of emitted PWs by learning a compounding operation from data, i.e., by training a convolutional neural network to reconstruct high-quality images using a small number of transmissions. We present experimental evidence that this approach is promising, as we were able to produce high-quality images from only three PWs, competing in terms of contrast ratio and lateral resolution with the standard compounding of 31 PWs ( $10\times $ speedup factor).
01 Jan 1994
TL;DR: The main focus in MUCKE is on cleaning large scale Web image corpora and on proposing image representations which are closer to the human interpretation of images.
Abstract: MUCKE aims to mine a large volume of images, to structure them conceptually and to use this conceptual structuring in order to improve large-scale image retrieval. The last decade witnessed important progress concerning low-level image representations. However, there are a number problems which need to be solved in order to unleash the full potential of image mining in applications. The central problem with low-level representations is the mismatch between them and the human interpretation of image content. This problem can be instantiated, for instance, by the incapability of existing descriptors to capture spatial relationships between the concepts represented or by their incapability to convey an explanation of why two images are similar in a content-based image retrieval framework. We start by assessing existing local descriptors for image classification and by proposing to use co-occurrence matrices to better capture spatial relationships in images. The main focus in MUCKE is on cleaning large scale Web image corpora and on proposing image representations which are closer to the human interpretation of images. Consequently, we introduce methods which tackle these two problems and compare results to state of the art methods. Note: some aspects of this deliverable are withheld at this time as they are pending review. Please contact the authors for a preview.
TL;DR: This study is the first to establish reference and normal values for PWV, combining a sizeable European population after standardizing results for different methods of PWV measurement.
Abstract: Aims Carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), a direct measure of aortic stiffness, has become increasingly important for total cardiovascular (CV) risk estimation. Its application as a routine tool for clinical patient evaluation has been hampered by the absence of reference values. The aim of the present study is to establish reference and normal values for PWV based on a large European population. Methods and results We gathered data from 16 867 subjects and patients from 13 different centres across eight European countries, in which PWV and basic clinical parameters were measured. Of these, 11 092 individuals were free from overt CV disease, non-diabetic and untreated by either anti-hypertensive or lipid-lowering drugs and constituted the reference value population, of which the subset with optimal/normal blood pressures (BPs) (n = 1455) is the normal value population. Prior to data pooling, PWV values were converted to a common standard using established conversion formulae. Subjects were categorized by age decade and further subdivided according to BP categories. Pulse wave velocity increased with age and BP category; the increase with age being more pronounced for higher BP categories and the increase with BP being more important for older subjects. The distribution of PWV with age and BP category is described and reference values for PWV are established. Normal values are proposed based on the PWV values observed in the non-hypertensive subpopulation who had no additional CV risk factors. Conclusion The present study is the first to establish reference and normal values for PWV, combining a sizeable European population after standardizing results for different methods of PWV measurement.
TL;DR: Cengage Learning, 2000. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition as discussed by the authors. But they did not specify the exact condition of the book, only that it was in perfect condition.
Abstract: Cengage Learning, 2000. Book Condition: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary:
TL;DR: This review categorizes the leading deep learning-based medical and non-medical image segmentation solutions into six main groups of deep architectural, data synthesis- based, loss function-based, sequenced models, weakly supervised, and multi-task methods.
Abstract: The semantic image segmentation task consists of classifying each pixel of an image into an instance, where each instance corresponds to a class. This task is a part of the concept of scene understanding or better explaining the global context of an image. In the medical image analysis domain, image segmentation can be used for image-guided interventions, radiotherapy, or improved radiological diagnostics. In this review, we categorize the leading deep learning-based medical and non-medical image segmentation solutions into six main groups of deep architectural, data synthesis-based, loss function-based, sequenced models, weakly supervised, and multi-task methods and provide a comprehensive review of the contributions in each of these groups. Further, for each group, we analyze each variant of these groups and discuss the limitations of the current approaches and present potential future research directions for semantic image segmentation.
01 Jan 2017