Author

# Hong Chen

Other affiliations: Academia Sinica

Bio: Hong Chen is an academic researcher from Tongji University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Metamaterial & Photonic crystal. The author has an hindex of 27, co-authored 95 publications receiving 2827 citations. Previous affiliations of Hong Chen include Academia Sinica.

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##### Papers

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TL;DR: The realization of a coherent perfect absorber, using a pair of passive resonators coupled to a microwave transmission line in the background, which can completely absorb light in its parity-time (PT-)symmetric phase but not in its broken phase is reported.

Abstract: We report the realization of a coherent perfect absorber, using a pair of passive resonators coupled to a microwave transmission line in the background, which can completely absorb light in its parity-time (PT-)symmetric phase but not in its broken phase. Instead of balancing material gain and loss, we exploit the incident waves in the open system as an effective gain so that ideal PT symmetry can be established by using only passive materials. Such a route will be effective to construct PT-symmetric metamaterials and also tunable PT-symmetric optical elements in general. It also provides a flexible platform for studying exceptional-point physics with both electric and magnetic responses.

428 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that a one-dimensional photonic crystal containing a negative-index material has an omnidirectional gap, owing to the mechanism of zero (volume) averaged refractive index.

Abstract: We show theoretically that a one-dimensional photonic crystal containing a negative-index material has an omnidirectional gap, owing to the mechanism of zero (volume) averaged refractive index. In contrast to the Bragg gap, the edge of such a zero-n gap is insensitive to incident angle and polarization. When an impurity is introduced, a defect mode appears inside the zero-n gap with a very weak dependence on incident angle and invariant with scaling.

297 citations

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TL;DR: A photonic quantum-well structure based on zero-phi(eff) gaps is proposed as a multiple channeled filter that is compact and robust against disorder.

Abstract: The transmission properties of a one-dimensional photonic crystal containing two kinds of single-negative (permittivity- or permeability-negative) media are studied theoretically. We show that this structure can possess a type of photonic gap with zero effective phase $({\ensuremath{\phi}}_{\text{eff}})$. The zero-${\ensuremath{\phi}}_{\text{eff}}$ gap distinguishes itself from a Bragg gap in that it is invariant with a change of scale length and is insensitive to thickness fluctuation. In contrast to a photonic gap corresponding to zero averaged refractive index, the zero-${\ensuremath{\phi}}_{\text{eff}}$ gap can be made very wide by varying the ratio of the thicknesses of two media. An equivalent transmission-line model is utilized to explain the properties. A photonic quantum-well structure based on zero-${\ensuremath{\phi}}_{\text{eff}}$ gaps is proposed as a multiple channeled filter that is compact and robust against disorder.

274 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a toroidal molecule can be constructed through rational arrangement of asymmetric split-ring resonators as meta-atoms via manipulating structural symmetry and thus coupling of the metaatoms.

Abstract: We experimentally observe toroidal dipolar response in a planar metamaterial comprised of asymmetric split-ring resonators (ASRRs) at microwave frequency. It is shown that a toroidal molecule can be constructed through rational arrangement of planar ASRRs as meta-atoms via manipulating structural symmetry and thus coupling of the meta-atoms. We find that the toroidal resonance provides a subwavelength-scale electromagnetic localization style, and that confining the electromagnetic field inside a dielectric medium with toroidal geometry is beneficial for low-loss metamaterials. The planar scheme of manipulating the coupling among the ASRRs may stimulate research in optical regions involving toroidal multipoles. The toroidal geometry together with the Fano resonance of ASRR-induced high-$Q$ response will have enormous potential applications in enhancing light-matter interactions, e.g., for low-threshold lasing, low-power nonlinear processing, and sensitive biosensing.

157 citations

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Hong Kong Baptist University

^{1}, Nanchang University^{2}, Texas A&M University^{3}, Tongji University^{4}TL;DR: The propagation of a pulse through one-dimensional photonic crystals that contain a dispersive and absorptive defect layer doped with two-level atoms is discussed and superluminal negative group velocity is discovered.

Abstract: The propagation of a pulse through one-dimensional photonic crystals that contain a dispersive and absorptive defect layer doped with two-level atoms is discussed. The dynamical evolution of the pulse inside the photonic crystal is presented. Superluminal negative group velocity (the peak appears at the exit end before it reaches the input end) is discovered. Although the group velocity is larger than c and even negative, the velocity of energy propagation never exceeds the vacuum light speed. The appearance of the superluminal advance or subluminal delay of the pulse peak inside the photonic crystal or at the exit end is due to the wave interference from Bragg reflections.

151 citations

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TL;DR: Topological photonics is a rapidly emerging field of research in which geometrical and topological ideas are exploited to design and control the behavior of light as mentioned in this paper, which holds great promise for applications.

Abstract: Topological photonics is a rapidly emerging field of research in which geometrical and topological ideas are exploited to design and control the behavior of light. Drawing inspiration from the discovery of the quantum Hall effects and topological insulators in condensed matter, recent advances have shown how to engineer analogous effects also for photons, leading to remarkable phenomena such as the robust unidirectional propagation of light, which hold great promise for applications. Thanks to the flexibility and diversity of photonics systems, this field is also opening up new opportunities to realize exotic topological models and to probe and exploit topological effects in new ways. This article reviews experimental and theoretical developments in topological photonics across a wide range of experimental platforms, including photonic crystals, waveguides, metamaterials, cavities, optomechanics, silicon photonics, and circuit QED. A discussion of how changing the dimensionality and symmetries of photonics systems has allowed for the realization of different topological phases is offered, and progress in understanding the interplay of topology with non-Hermitian effects, such as dissipation, is reviewed. As an exciting perspective, topological photonics can be combined with optical nonlinearities, leading toward new collective phenomena and novel strongly correlated states of light, such as an analog of the fractional quantum Hall effect.

3,052 citations

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TL;DR: Bergh and P.J.Dean as discussed by the authors proposed a light-emitting diode (LEDD) for light-aware Diodes, which was shown to have promising performance.

Abstract: Light-Emitting Diodes. (Monographs in Electrical and Electronic Engineering.) By A. A. Bergh and P. J. Dean. Pp. viii+591. (Clarendon: Oxford; Oxford University: London, 1976.) £22.

1,560 citations

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TL;DR: The role of PT symmetry and non-Hermitian dynamics for synthesizing and controlling the flow of light in optical structures is highlighted and a roadmap for future studies and potential applications is provided.

Abstract: Exploiting the interplay between gain, loss and the coupling strength between different optical components creates a variety of new opportunities in photonics to generate, control and transmit light. Inspired by the discovery of real eigenfrequencies for non-Hermitian Hamiltonians obeying parity–time (PT) symmetry, many counterintuitive aspects are being explored, particularly close to the associated degeneracies also known as ‘exceptional points’. This Review explains the underlying physical principles and discusses the progress in the experimental investigation of PT-symmetric photonic systems. We highlight the role of PT symmetry and non-Hermitian dynamics for synthesizing and controlling the flow of light in optical structures and provide a roadmap for future studies and potential applications. This Review discusses recent developments in the area of non-Hermitian physics, and more specifically the special case of non-Hermitian optical systems with parity–time symmetry.

1,010 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors demonstrate parity-time-symmetric optics on a chip at the 1,550-nm wavelength in two directly coupled high-Q silica-microtoroid resonators with balanced effective gain and loss.

Abstract: On-chip parity–time-symmetric optics is experimentally demonstrated at a wavelength of 1,550 nm in two directly coupled, high-Q silica microtoroid resonators with balanced effective gain and loss. Switchable optical isolation with a nonreciprocal isolation ratio between −8 dB and +8 dB is also shown. The findings will be useful for potential applications in optical isolators, on-chip light control and optical communications. Compound-photonic structures with gain and loss1 provide a powerful platform for testing various theoretical proposals on non-Hermitian parity–time-symmetric quantum mechanics2,3,4,5 and initiate new possibilities for shaping optical beams and pulses beyond conservative structures. Such structures can be designed as optical analogues of complex parity–time-symmetric potentials with real spectra. However, the beam dynamics can exhibit unique features distinct from conservative systems due to non-trivial wave interference and phase-transition effects. Here, we experimentally realize parity–time-symmetric optics on a chip at the 1,550 nm wavelength in two directly coupled high-Q silica-microtoroid resonators with balanced effective gain and loss. With this composite system, we further implement switchable optical isolation with a non-reciprocal isolation ratio from −8 dB to +8 dB, by breaking time-reversal symmetry with gain-saturated nonlinearity in a large parameter-tunable space. Of importance, our scheme opens a door towards synthesizing novel microscale photonic structures for potential applications in optical isolators, on-chip light control and optical communications.

943 citations

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TL;DR: The concept of parity-time symmetric systems is rooted in non-Hermitian quantum mechanics where complex potentials obeying this symmetry could exhibit real spectra as discussed by the authors, which has applications in many fields of physics, e.g., in optics, metamaterials, acoustics, Bose-Einstein condensation, electronic circuitry, etc.

Abstract: The concept of parity-time symmetric systems is rooted in non-Hermitian quantum mechanics where complex potentials obeying this symmetry could exhibit real spectra. The concept has applications in many fields of physics, e.g., in optics, metamaterials, acoustics, Bose-Einstein condensation, electronic circuitry, etc. The inclusion of nonlinearity has led to a number of new phenomena for which no counterparts exist in traditional dissipative systems. Several examples of nonlinear parity-time symmetric systems in different physical disciplines are presented and their implications discussed.

938 citations