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Hou Xiaotao

Bio: Hou Xiaotao is an academic researcher from Guangxi University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Developmental toxicity & Traditional Chinese medicine. The author has an hindex of 6, co-authored 64 publications receiving 135 citations.

Papers published on a yearly basis

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The data demonstrate that CGA exerts regulatory effects on glucose metabolism via direct targeting the PH domain of AKT, and clarifies the mechanism of the potential benefits of nutrients containing CGA in the complementary therapy of glucose metabolism disorders.
Abstract: Chlorogenic acid (CGA), a bioactive component in the human diet, is reported to exert beneficial effects on the regulation of glucose metabolism. This study was designed to investigate the specific target of CGA, and explore its underlying mechanisms. Beneficial effects of CGA in glucose metabolism were confirmed in insulin-treated human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. Protein fishing, via CGA-modified functionalized magnetic microspheres, demonstrated the binding of CGA with protein kinase B (AKT). Immunofluorescence using a CGA molecular probe further demonstrated the co-localization of CGA with AKT. A competitive combination test and hampering of AKT membrane translocation showed that CGA might bind to the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of AKT. The specific binding did not lead to the membrane translocation to phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3), but directly activated the phosphorylation of AKT on Ser-473, induced the phosphorylation of the downstream molecules, glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and forkhead box O1 (FOXO1), and improved glucose metabolism. Collectively, our data demonstrate that CGA exerts regulatory effects on glucose metabolism via direct targeting the PH domain of AKT. This study clarifies the mechanism of the potential benefits of nutrients containing CGA in the complementary therapy of glucose metabolism disorders.

32 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Time-course studies revealed that betulinic acid inhibits a post-entry stage of the DENV replication cycle and subsequent analyses showed that the compound is able to inhibit viral RNA synthesis and protein production, which demonstrated antiviral efficacy against other serotypes of DENV.

24 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This study demonstrates that UA is a valuable lead compound for the treatment of ALD by identifying caspase-3 (CASP3) as the primary target protein of UA associated with liver protection.
Abstract: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is one of the pathogenic factors of chronic liver disease with the highest clinical morbidity worldwide. Ursolic acid (UA), a pentacyclic terpenoid carboxylic acid, has shown many health benefits including antioxidative, anti- inflammatory, anticancer, and hepatoprotective activities. We previously found that UA was metabolized in vivo into epoxy- modified UA containing an epoxy electrophilic group and had the potential to react with nucleophilic groups. In this study we prepared an alkynyl-modified UA (AM-UA) probe for tracing and capturing the target protein of UA from liver in mice, then investigated the mode by which UA bound to its target in vivo. By conducting proteome identification and bioinformatics analysis, we identified caspase-3 (CASP3) as the primary target protein of UA associated with liver protection. Molecule docking analysis showed that the epoxy group of the UA metabolite reacted with Cys-163 of CASP3, forming a covalent bond with CASP3. The binding mode of the UA metabolites (UA, CM-UA, and EM-UA) was verified by biochemical evaluation, demonstrating that the epoxy group produced by metabolism played an important role in the inhibition of CASP3. In alcohol-treated HepG2 cells, pretreatment with the UA metabolite (10 μM) irreversibly inhibited CASP3 activities, and subsequently decreased the cleavage of PARP and cell apoptosis. Finally, pre-administration of UA (20–80 mg· kg−1 per day, ig, for 1 week) dose-dependently alleviated alcohol-induced liver injury in mice mainly via the inhibition of CASP3. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that UA is a valuable lead compound for the treatment of ALD.

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
14 Oct 2019
TL;DR: The findings suggest that the anti-BCSC activity of Gomisin M2 could become a promising starting point for the discovery of novel BCSC-targeting drugs.
Abstract: Gomisin M2 isolated from Schisandra viridis A. C. Smith has potential anti-tumor effects on certain cancers, including breast cancer. However, only a few investigations have been conducted on the effects of Gomisin M2 on breast cancer stem cells (CSCs), which have the ability to self-renew and differentiate, as a possible strategy to resolve cancer cell resistance to apoptosis and to improve treatments. It is essential to investigate the effects of Gomisin M2 on breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). In this study, we enriched breast cancer stem cells with CD44+/CD24- from MDA-MB-231 and HCC1806 cells through magnetic-activated cell sorting and cultured these in serum-free medium. The ability of Gomisin M2 to kill breast cancer stem cells was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Gomisin M2 significantly inhibited the proliferation of the triple-negative breast cancer cell lines and mammosphere formation in breast CSCs and downregulated the Wnt/β-catenin self-renewal pathway. Moreover, Gomisin M2 induced apoptosis and blocked the mitochondrial membrane potential of BCSCs. Gomisin M2 suppressed the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 and HCC1806 xenografts in zebrafish. Together, these findings suggest that the anti-BCSC activity of Gomisin M2 could become a promising starting point for the discovery of novel BCSC-targeting drugs.

17 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Four new cyclohexylideneacetonitrile derivatives 1–4, named menisdaurins B–E, as well as three known cyclo hexylidenes A–E derivatives—menisdaurin (5), coclauril (6), and menisdurilide (7)—were isolated from the hypocotyl of a mangrove.
Abstract: Four new cyclohexylideneacetonitrile derivatives 1-4, named menisdaurins B-E, as well as three known cyclohexylideneacetonitrile derivatives--menisdaurin (5), coclauril (6), and menisdaurilide (7)--were isolated from the hypocotyl of a mangrove (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). The structures of the isolates were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1-7 showed anti-Hepatitis B virus (HBV) activities, with EC50 values ranging from 5.1 ± 0.2 μg/mL to 87.7 ± 5.8 μg/mL.

17 citations


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TL;DR: A diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy that is not clearly overt diabetes) or chemical-induced diabetes (such as in the treatment of HIV/AIDS or after organ transplantation)
Abstract: 1. Type 1 diabetes (due to b-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency) 2. Type 2 diabetes (due to a progressive insulin secretory defect on the background of insulin resistance) 3. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy that is not clearly overt diabetes) 4. Specific types of diabetes due to other causes, e.g., monogenic diabetes syndromes (such as neonatal diabetes and maturity-onset diabetes of the young [MODY]), diseases of the exocrine pancreas (such as cystic fibrosis), and drugor chemical-induced diabetes (such as in the treatment of HIV/AIDS or after organ transplantation)

2,339 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The health effect of the coffee is examined and how much consumption is to investigate whether it meets the claimed health benefits and whether it has harmful effects.
Abstract: Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. It has primarily consumed due to its stimulant effect and unique taste since the ancient times. Afterwards, its consumption has been historically associated with a lower risk of some diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, cardiovascular disease and some type of cancer and thus it has also consumed due to health benefits. It contains many bioactive compounds such as caffeine, chlorogenic acids and diterpenoid alcohols which have so far been associated with many potential health benefits. For example, caffeine reduces risk of developing neurodegenerative disease and chlorogenic acids (CGA) and diterpene alcohols have many health benefits such as antioxidant and chemo-preventive. Coffee also have harmful effects. For example, diterpenoid alcohols increases serum homocysteine and cholesterol levels and thus it has adverse effects on cardiovascular system. Overall, the study that supports the health benefits of coffee is increasing. But, it is thought-provoking that the association with health benefits of coffee consumption and frequency at different levels in each study. For this reason, we aimed to examine the health effect of the coffee and how much consumption is to investigate whether it meets the claimed health benefits.

102 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reviewed the research and development on state-of-the-art applications of artificial intelligence for combating the COVID-19 pandemic and highlighted the challenges associated with the use of these technologies.
Abstract: During the current global public health emergency caused by novel coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), researchers and medical experts started working day and night to search for new technologies to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic. Recent studies have shown that artificial intelligence (AI) has been successfully employed in the health sector for various healthcare procedures. This study comprehensively reviewed the research and development on state-of-the-art applications of artificial intelligence for combating the COVID-19 pandemic. In the process of literature retrieval, the relevant literature from citation databases including ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, and Preprints from arXiv, medRxiv, and bioRxiv was selected. Recent advances in the field of AI-based technologies are critically reviewed and summarized. Various challenges associated with the use of these technologies are highlighted and based on updated studies and critical analysis, research gaps and future recommendations are identified and discussed. The comparison between various machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) methods, the dominant AI-based technique, mostly used ML and DL methods for COVID-19 detection, diagnosis, screening, classification, drug repurposing, prediction, and forecasting, and insights about where the current research is heading are highlighted. Recent research and development in the field of artificial intelligence has greatly improved the COVID-19 screening, diagnostics, and prediction and results in better scale-up, timely response, most reliable, and efficient outcomes, and sometimes outperforms humans in certain healthcare tasks. This review article will help researchers, healthcare institutes and organizations, government officials, and policymakers with new insights into how AI can control the COVID-19 pandemic and drive more research and studies for mitigating the COVID-19 outbreak.

84 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review aims to provide a comprehensive account of the morphological characteristics, ethnobotany, global distribution, taxonomy, ethnopharmacology, phytochemical profiles, and pharmacological activities of traditionally used mangroves.
Abstract: Mangroves are ecologically important plants in marine habitats that occupy the coastlines of many countries. In addition to their key ecological importance, various parts of mangroves are widely used in folklore medicine and claimed to effectively manage a panoply of human pathologies. To date, no comprehensive attempt has been made to compile and critically analyze the published literature in light of its ethnopharmacological uses. This review aims to provide a comprehensive account of the morphological characteristics, ethnobotany, global distribution, taxonomy, ethnopharmacology, phytochemical profiles, and pharmacological activities of traditionally used mangroves. Out of 84 mangrove species, only 27 species were found to be traditionally used, however not all of them are pharmacologically validated. The most common pharmacological activities reported were antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antidiabetic properties. Mangroves traditionally reported against ulcers have not been extensively validated for possible pharmacological properties. Terpenoids, tannins, steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids, and saponins were the main classes of phytochemicals isolated from mangroves. Given that mangroves have huge potential for a wide array of medicinal products and drug discovery to prevent and treat many diseases, there is a dire need for careful investigations substantiated with accurate scientific and clinical evidence to ensure safety and efficient use of these plants and validate their pharmacological properties and toxicity.

82 citations