Bio: Howard Niblock is an academic researcher from Lawrence University. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 2 publications receiving 13 citations.
TL;DR: The effects of colorsound synesthesia on composers and visual artists were discussed in this paper, where composers discussed include Alexander Scriabin, Olivier Messiaen and Michael Torke.
Abstract: The term “synesthesia” has often been used metaphorically rather than accurately. Ongoing scientific research shows the condition to be “real,” rather than imagined. The author focuses her discussion on the effects of colorsound synesthesia, or “chromesthesia,” and on a selection of composers and visual artists. The composers discussed include Alexander Scriabin, Olivier Messiaen and Michael Torke. Visual artists discussed include Robert Delaunay and David Hockney.
TL;DR: A brief talk was delivered by Bennett Reimer at the 2000 USA Music Educators National Conference in Washington D.C. as part of a session coordinated by Reimer, for which Wayne Bowman, Anthony Palmer and Thomas Regelski each wrote individual responses to the question as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: [This brief talk was delivered on March 10, 2000 at the (USA) Music Educators National Conference in Washington D.C. as part of a session coordinated by Bennett Reimer, for which Wayne Bowman, Anthony Palmer, and Thomas Regelski each wrote individual responses to the question. Reimer's paper on the topic was part of a broader project and generated the March 10 session. It can be found in Vision 2020: The Housewright Symposium on Music Education, published in 2000 by the Music Educators National Conference, Reston, Virginia, USA.]
01 Jan 2010
TL;DR: Intra operative Indian classical music therapy effectively reduced the intra operative stress and reduced the requirement drugs (Fentanyl, Propofol and Vecuronium) during Cardiopulmonary bypass.
Abstract: Background: This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Indian Classical Music (Raga Therapy) on Fentanyl, Vecuronium, Propofol requirements and cortisol levels during cardiopulmonary bypass. Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with immense stress response and high levels of intra operative cortisol levels which is detrimental to the patient and involves large doses of Fentanyl, Propofol and Vecuronium requirement to maintain hemodynamic stability intra operatively. We evaluated the effect of Indian classical music therapy on cortisol levels and the above drugs requirement during cardio pulmonary bypass. Methods: After obtaining clearance from Institutional Ethical Committee and written informed consent from patients, 34 patients were assigned to either Group M Music group (n=17) and Blank CD Group C (n=17). The patient's awareness level and depth of anesthesia was monitored by BIS (Bi spectral index), Fentanyl and Propofol infusion titrated to a BIS score of 50 and neuromuscular monitoring was done by Post tetanic count (PTC) in the Adductor Pollicis muscle. Vecuronium was repeated whenever a PTC count of 7 was achieved, in both the groups. Music therapy or blank CD was played by earphone, in the patient's ear in both the groups, from 30 minutes before induction to till the patient was shifted to the ICU. Result: The authors found significant decrease in the cortisol levels both after sternotomy and after aortic cross clamp release. In the Music group (Group M) which was 30% less than Blank CD group (Group C). Fentanyl ,Propofol and Vecuronium requirement in the Music group were reduced by 30% and 25 %and 25% respectively, which were statistically significant (P<,0.05). Conclusion: Intra operative Indian classical music therapy effectively reduced the intra operative stress (as revealed by reduced levels of cortisol) and reduced the requirement drugs (Fentanyl, Propofol and Vecuronium) during Cardiopulmonary bypass