Author

# Huzio Nakano

Bio: Huzio Nakano is an academic researcher from Nagoya University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Phase transition & Liquid crystal. The author has an hindex of 13, co-authored 79 publications receiving 802 citations.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

More filters

••

TL;DR: In this article, a new method of calculating electrical conductivity is presented, based upon the theory of relaxation function or after-effect function, from which the general formula for the electrical conductivities is obtained.

Abstract: A new method of calculating electrical conductivity is presented. The method is based upon the theory of relaxation function or after-effect function, from which the general formula for the electrical conductivity is obtained. Taking into account a time required for an observation, we introduce the irreversibility into the theory and investigate the relaxation behaviour of the process, by which the electrical conductivity is. calculated and the practical expression is obtained. In the perturbation ap proximation the result is the same as the expression obtained on the basis of the Bloch theory.

96 citations

••

TL;DR: In this paper, the nematic-smectic transition in the system of completely aligned hard cylindrical rods is investigated, by making use of the method of symmetry breaking potential.

Abstract: The nematic-smectic transition in the system of completely aligned hard cylindrical rods is investigated, by making use of the method of symmetry breaking potential. In the second virial approximation the transition is found to occur in the 3-dimensional system but not in the 1- and 2-dimensional systems, in contrast with the result obtained by Wadati and Isihara that the 2-dimensional system also exhibits such a transition. It is shown that the transition is very like the second order one. A shape effect is also studied. Furthermore, by introducing an isotropic attractive intermolecular force, the dependence of the transition on the strength of that force as well as the length and diameter of the rod molecule is investigated.

62 citations

••

TL;DR: In this article, the surface tension γ is calculated in the mean field approximation in the system of rod-like molecules interacting via attraction as well as hard core repulsion, and it is found that the excluded volume effect favours the normal alignment of molecules at the free surface.

Abstract: The surface tension γ is calculated in the mean field approximation in the system of rod-like molecules interacting via attraction as well as hard-core repulsion. It is found that the excluded volume effect favours the normal alignment of molecules at the free surface. The molecular orientations observed at the free surface are explained as an effect of counterbalance between the repulsive and attractive intermolecular forces as in the following: (1) normal to the surface (8CB, 5CB), (2) tilt against the surface, (3) transition between the normal and tilt orientations at a certain temperature T 0 lower than the nematic-isotropic transition temperature T c (MBBA, EBBA). The jump of γ at T c obtained in this work agrees with the experimental results.

51 citations

••

TL;DR: In this article, a statistical theory of the lyotropic cholesteric phase in the system of long coiled rod molecules is presented, where effects of molecular exclusion and of attractive intermolecular force are both taken into consideration.

Abstract: A statistical theory of lyotropic cholesteric phase in the system of long coiled rod molecules is presented. Effects of molecular exclusion and of attractive intermolecular force are both taken into consideration. On the basis of the theoretical results, experiments on the cholesteric solutions of polypeptide are investigated, where use is made of the scaled particle theory on the fluid of hard rod molecules. It is thus found that the experimental dependences of cholesteric twisting power on temperature, concentration and molecular weight of the polymer and also the experimental curvature elasticity are explained satisfactorily.

48 citations

##### Cited by

More filters

••

TL;DR: In this paper, a general type of fluctuation-dissipation theorem is discussed to show that the physical quantities such as complex susceptibility of magnetic or electric polarization and complex conductivity for electric conduction are rigorously expressed in terms of timefluctuation of dynamical variables associated with such irreversible processes.

Abstract: A general type of fluctuation-dissipation theorem is discussed to show that the physical quantities such as complex susceptibility of magnetic or electric polarization and complex conductivity for electric conduction are rigorously expressed in terms of time-fluctuation of dynamical variables associated with such irreversible processes. This is a generalization of statistical mechanics which affords exact formulation as the basis of calculation of such irreversible quantities from atomistic theory. The general formalism of this statistical-mechanical theory is examined in detail. The response, relaxation, and correlation functions are defined in quantummechanical way and their relations are investigated. The formalism is illustrated by simple examples of magnetic and conduction problems. Certain sum rules are discussed for these examples. Finally it is pointed out that this theory may be looked as a generalization of the Einstein relation.

7,090 citations

••

TL;DR: In this article, the linear response of a given system to an external perturbation is expressed in terms of fluctuation properties of the system in thermal equilibrium, which may be represented by a stochastic equation describing the fluctuation, which is a generalization of the familiar Langevin equation in the classical theory of Brownian motion.

Abstract: The linear response theory has given a general proof of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem which states that the linear response of a given system to an external perturbation is expressed in terms of fluctuation properties of the system in thermal equilibrium. This theorem may be represented by a stochastic equation describing the fluctuation, which is a generalization of the familiar Langevin equation in the classical theory of Brownian motion. In this generalized equation the friction force becomes retarded or frequency-dependent and the random force is no more white. They are related to each other by a generalized Nyquist theorem which is in fact another expression of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. This point of view can be applied to a wide class of irreversible process including collective modes in many-particle systems as has already been shown by Mori. As an illustrative example, the density response problem is briefly discussed.

4,096 citations

••

TL;DR: The transition metal dichalcogenides are about 60 in number as discussed by the authors, and two-thirds of these assume layer structures and can be cleaved down to less than 1000 A and are then transparent in the region of direct band-to-band transitions.

Abstract: The transition metal dichalcogenides are about 60 in number. Two-thirds of these assume layer structures. Crystals of such materials can be cleaved down to less than 1000 A and are then transparent in the region of direct band-to-band transitions. The transmission spectra of the family have been correlated group by group with the wide range of electrical and structural data available to yield useful working band models that are in accord with a molecular orbital approach. Several special topics have arisen; these include exciton screening, d-band formation, and the metal/insulator transition; also magnetism and superconductivity in such compounds. High pressure work seems to offer the possibility for testing the recent theory of excitonic insulators.

3,313 citations

••

TL;DR: In this paper, a formalism has been developed, using Feynman's space-time formulation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics whereby the behavior of a system of interest, which is coupled to other external quantum systems, may be calculated in terms of its own variables only.

Abstract: A formalism has been developed, using Feynman's space-time formulation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics whereby the behavior of a system of interest, which is coupled to other external quantum systems, may be calculated in terms of its own variables only. It is shown that the effect of the external systems in such a formalism can always be included in a general class of functionals (influence functionals) of the coordinates of the system only. The properties of influence functionals for general systems are examined. Then, specific forms of influence functionals representing the effect of definite and random classical forces, linear dissipative systems at finite temperatures, and combinations of these are analyzed in detail. The linear system analysis is first done for perfectly linear systems composed of combinations of harmonic oscillators, loss being introduced by continuous distributions of oscillators. Then approximately linear systems and restrictions necessary for the linear behavior are considered. Influence functionals for all linear systems are shown to have the same form in terms of their classical response functions. In addition, a fluctuation-dissipation theorem is derived relating temperature and dissipation of the linear system to a fluctuating classical potential acting on the system of interest which reduces to the Nyquist–Johnson relation for noise in the case of electric circuits. Sample calculations of transition probabilities for the spontaneous emission of an atom in free space and in a cavity are made. Finally, a theorem is proved showing that within the requirements of linearity all sources of noise or quantum fluctuation introduced by maser-type amplification devices are accounted for by a classical calculation of the characteristics of the maser.

2,288 citations

••

TL;DR: The physics of graphene is acting as a bridge between quantum field theory and condensed matter physics due to the special quality of the graphene quasiparticles behaving as massless two dimensional Dirac fermions.

Abstract: The physics of graphene is acting as a bridge between quantum field theory and condensed matter physics due to the special quality of the graphene quasiparticles behaving as massless two dimensional Dirac fermions. Moreover, the particular structure of the 2D crystal lattice sets the arena to study and unify concepts from elasticity, topology and cosmology. In this paper we analyze these connections combining a pedagogical, intuitive approach with a more rigorous formalism when required.

804 citations